Wa Alaikumus Salam Warahmatullah Respected Member It is true that the Quran and the Sunnah are sufficient. However, at the same time it is also true that aMessage 1 of 2 , Sep 29, 2008View SourceWa Alaikumus Salam Warahmatullah
It is true that the Quran and the Sunnah are sufficient. However, at the same time it is also true that a teacher is required to master any subject. If the Quran was sufficient, then Allah could have easily sent the book without a messenger. However, he sent the Prophet as a model of the Quran so that people could directly learn from his example. This then became the method of learning for each of the Islamic sciences. For example, each hadith that Imam Bukhari compiled in his collection of hadith is directly linked to the Prophet through a continuous chain of narrators. Thus, each person in the chain must have learned from someone and must be able to state who that person was. Similar requirements are present in other branches of Islamic science as well. The science of tasawwuf is no exception.
The juristic scholars of the ummah have ruled that taking a spiritual guide is a sunnah. That is, it is not mandatory, however, it is the way of the Prophet . However, according to the scholars of this ummah achieving the aims of tasawwuf are mandatory. For example, purifying the heart from pride, rectifying one's character, etc are essential to ones religion. Thus, if one can achieve these goals on their own, they may. However, if one tries and continually fails, it is highly recommended that he seek the assistance of a spiritual doctor.
A shaykh of tasawwuf spends years in training in order to develop his character, mannerisms, daily schedule, outer being, acts of worship, and knowledge under the guidance of a spiritual master. They learn the essence of worship and practical implications of abandonment of the mundane life of this world from those who are models of god-consciousness. Further, they often spend years mastering the Islamic sciences of Hadith, Quran, tafsir, fiqh, etc. Each aspect of their training further connects them through chains of scholars to the Prophet who, of course, was sent to connect creation to their Lord.
When you enter the company of such a shaykh, their knowledge and extensive experience allows them to assess your spiritual state and hence, advise you on the best "medicine" to cure the diseases of your heart. Just as a doctor is trained to cure physical ailments, so the scholars of tasawwuf treat the maladies of the diseased heart.
Allah swt knows the best.
ModeratorAnd those who strive in Our (cause),- We will certainly guide them to our Paths(29:69)
----- Original Message ----
From: rizwan abid <rizwandelhi2000@...>
Sent: Monday, September 29, 2008 6:48:06 PM
Subject: Re: [ Islam4all ] What is Tasawwuf?
Dear Madam,Assalamwalaikum,Instead of searching for a shaikh we must look for a jamat(group)who is busy in organizing muslim towards establishing Law of Allah in the land of Allah.Sura saff ayat no 8."Huallazi arsala rasoolahu bilhuda wa dinil haqqi liuzhirahu aladdini kullihi walau karihal mushrikoo"Shahwali ullah called this ayat the peak of Quran.It means One has to try to establish deen in the land of Allah & for that we have to search for a jamaat who is dedicated to establish deen in the land of Allah.Sheikh etc are obsolete thinking.What ever guidence we get from Quran we will have to obey those.In Quran we dont find anywhere that we must look for a sheikh.Quran & hadith are our guidence & we must not go for any thing as a deen with any other things.Like looking for a sheikh.If Allah " make quran Imamaw wa nooran wa hudawan wa rahma" for us ,it will be enough for our guidence & Hadith is the key to understand Quran.This ummat does not need any sheikh for guidence.Quran itself is a hidayah & it is enough for hidayah.Quran is hudalllimuttaqeen,hudallinnas etc.Thank you.Sincerely yours.Rizwan Abid
--- On Mon, 9/29/08, Mrs.Maryam Shahbaz <horizon_41978@...> wrote:
From: Mrs.Maryam Shahbaz <horizon_41978@...>
Subject: [ Islam4all ] What is Tasawwuf?
To: "islam way" <email@example.com>, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Date: Monday, September 29, 2008, 4:52 PM
What is Tasawwuf?"Verily, he who has purified the heart is successful and he who has despoiled it has lost."A lot of people have misunderstandings about tasawwuf. Many think that it is something beyond Qur'an and Sunnah. Errant Sufis as well as the superficial ulema, although on the opposite ends of the spectrum, are together in holding this mistaken notion. Consequently the first group has shunned the Qur'an and Hadith while the second group has shunned tasawwuf. Actually, although the term tasawwuf, like many other religious terms in use today, evolved later, the discipline is very much part of the Shariah. The department of the Shariah relating to external deeds like salat and zakat is called fiqh while the one dealing with the internal feelings and states of the heart is called tasawwuf. Both are commanded in the Qur'an. Thus while commanding Salat and Zakat, the Qur'an also commands gratefulness and love of Allah and condemns the evil of pride and vanity. Similarly, in the books of hadith, along with the chapters on Ibadat, trade and commerce, marriage and divorce, are to be found the chapters on riya (showoff) takabbur, akhlaq, etc. These commands are as much a mandatory requirement as the ones dealing with external deeds.On reflection it will be realized that all the external deeds are designed for the reformation of the heart. That is the basis of success in the hereafter while its despoiling is the cause of total destruction. This is precisely what is known technically as tasawwuf. Its focus is tahzeebe akhlaq or the adornment of character; its motive is the attainment of Divine pleasure; its method is total obedience to the commands of the Shariah.Tasawwuf is the soul of Islam. Its function is to purity the heart from the lowly bestial attributes of lust, calamities of the tongue, anger, malice, jealousy, love of the world, love of fame, niggardliness, greed, ostentation, vanity, deception, etc. At the same time it aims at the adornment of the heart with the lofty attributes of repentance, perseverance, gratefulness, fear of Allah, hope, abstention, tauheed, trust, love, sincerity, truth, contemplation, etc.To diagnose and treat the diseases of the heart normally requires the help of an expert mentor or Shaikh. Here are the qualities of a good Shaikh.1. He possesses necessary religious knowledge.2. His beliefs, habits, and practices are in accordance with the Shariah.3. He does not harbor greed for the worldly wealth.4. He has himself spent time learning from a good Shaikh.5. The scholars and good mashaikh of his time hold good opinion about him.6. His admirers are mostly from among the people who have good understanding of religion.7. Most of his followers follow the Shariah and are not the seekers after this world.8. He sincerely tries to educate and morally train his followers. If he sees anything wrong in them, he corrects it.9. In his company one can feel a decrease in the love of this world and an increase in the love for Allah.10. He himself regularly performs dhikr and shughal (spiritual exercises).In searching for a Shaikh, do not look for his ability to perform karamat (miracles) or to foretell the future. A very good Shaikh may not be able to show any karamat. On the other hand, a person showing karamat does not have to be a pious person --- or even a Muslim. Prominent Sufi Bayazid Bistami says: "Do not be deceived if you see a performer of supernatural feats flying in the air. Measure him on the standard of the Shariah."When you find the right Shaikh, and you are satisfied with his ability to provide spiritual guidance, you perform baya or pledge. This is a two-way commitment; the Shaikh pledges to guide you in light of Shariah and you pledge to follow him. Then the Shaikh will give his mureed (disciple) initial instructions. They include the following:1. Perform repentance for all the past sins and take steps to make amends, e.g. if any salat has been missed so far in the life, you start making up for it.2. If you have any unmet financial obligations toward another person make plans to discharge them.3. Guard your eyes, ears, and tongue.4. Perform dhikr regularly.5. Start a daily session of self-accounting before going to bed. Review all the good and bad deeds performed during the day. Repent for the bad ones and thank Allah for the good ones.6. Perform muraqaba-maut (meditation over death) every night before going to bed. Just visualize that you have died. Reflect upon the pangs of death, the questioning in the grave, the plain of Resurrection, the Reckoning , the presence in the Court of Allah, etc This helps bring softness to the heart and break the tendency to commit sins.7. Develop humility. Even if you observe another individual committing the worst of vices you should not despise him/her, nor should you consider yourself nobler. It is very much possible that the perpetrator of the vice may resort to sincere repentance while the one who despised the sinner become ensnared in the traps of nafs and Shaitan. One has no certainty regarding one's end. One, therefore has no basis for regarding another with contempt.The essential idea of tahzeebe akhlaq is to bring our natural faculties in a state of balance. The three basic faculties are anger, desires, and intelligence.Anger:When in equilibrium it results in valor, forbearance, steadfastness, the ability to restrain anger, and dignity. Excess will result in rashness, boastfulness, pride, inability to restrain anger, and vanity. A deficiency will result in cowardice, disgrace, and feeling of inferiority.Desires:Equilibrium here results in chastity, generosity, haya (decency), patience, and contentment. Its excess leads to greed and lust. The other extreme results in narrow-mindedness, and impotence, etc.Intelligence:Equilibrium here makes man wise, sharp-witted and one with great insights. Excess here makes one deceptive, fraudulent and imposture. Its lack results in ignorance and stupidity with the consequence that such a person is quickly misled.A person will be considered as having a beautiful seerah (character) only when these faculties are in the state of balance and equilibrium. Internal beauty varies with people just as external beauty does. The possessor of the most beautiful seerah was Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. The beauty of our seerah is based on its closeness to his seerah.[Condensed from writings of Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi]
And those who strive in Our (cause),- We will certainly guide them to our Paths(29:69)
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