SDE Seminar Series towards Rio +20
Sustainable Development and Environmental Health – SDE - PAHO/WHO
The voice and experience of the Caribbean Islands towards sustainable development
Ninth Seminar: 4 April 2012 – PAHO/WHO Rio +20
“The picture of the Caribbean as an idyllic paradise is an appropriate one for promoting the area to the outside world and one that most nationals in the diaspora retain with fondness and nostalgia. The physical attributes often shown are real, but they sometimes hide the struggle that many citizens must make to acquire the necessities for a decent living against the background of the reality”.
(From Report of the Caribbean commission on health and development, CARICOM and PAHO, 2006)EMCONET
We all know that a healthy population is an essential prerequisite for economic growth and stability of the Caribbean and we recall the Nassau Declaration (2001), which underscored the importance of health to development which states that “Health of a Nation is the wealth of a Nation”.
Additionally challenges specific to the Caribbean and Small Island States call for a constant attention to preserving the gains made through sustainable development. In the Caribbean , specific vulnerabilities exist such as size (while the problems are not less than in larger countries, the opportunities from economies of scale are not there) and fragility of the economic base, with tourism being the main source of income and employment in most of the islands. Furthermore, potential outbreaks, emerging and reemerging infectious diseases, and natural hazards such as hurricanes, now aggravated by the impact of climate change, are accentuating the vulnerability for the Region.
Sustainable tourism -tourism attempting to make a low impact on the environment and local culture, while helping to generate future employment for local people and aiming to ensure that development brings a positive experience for local people, tourism companies and the tourists themselves- is an imperative for the Caribbean countries. Any ecological or environmental crisis, be it an oil spill, a cholera outbreak or a leak of pesticides, can have a devastating effect for the environment, the inhabitants of the islands and the economy.
Finally, the speed of demographic transition in the Caribbean is unprecedented. By 2030, in many countries in the Caribbean the number of persons aged 60 or over will be 2.5 to 3.5 times as large as it was in 2000. As things stand, for the next three to five decades the speed of ageing in the region will continue on a singularly rapid course, a result of the momentum of demographic forces set in motion long ago. The other aspect of demographic transition is the rapid decline of fertility rates which leads to a decrease in the younger population and a trend towards an increased population of older age groups. This phenomenon is further aggravated by the migration dynamics within and outside the region and will have major implications for pension schemes and social protection interventions among others.
The Caribbean has often been in the forefront in leading innovative and important processes, as recently proven again when the Region was operational in motivating the High Level UN NCD summit. It is now time to examine where the Caribbean health movement stands when it comes to sustainable development in the light of the Rio+20 Summit .
12:00 Welcome and introduction: Gerry Eijkemans, PAHO/WHO Representative in The Bahamas and Turks and Caicos
12:05 The experience of the Caribbean in the lead up to Rio+20 and the involvement of health; Looking back and looking forward:
Henriette Elizabeth Thompson, Executive Coordinator for Rio +20 Conference
Patrick Martin, Chief Medical Officer, St Kitts and Nevis
Hugh Sealy, St George’s University
12:35 Questions and Answers
1:00 Closing remarks and conclusions.
Moderator: Gerry Eijkemans, PAHO/WHO Representative in The Bahamas and Turks and Caicos
How to participate:
525 23rd ST NW
Washington DC , 20037 Room 812 – 12h to 13h Eastern Time (WDC)
Online: via Elluminate link:
SDE Seminar Series towards Rio +20
"Human beings are at the centre of concerns for sustainable development.
They are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature" - Principle 1 of the Rio …..” Declaration on Environment and Development, 1992.
The Rio Declaration of 1992 recognizes that healthy populations are central to human progress and sustainable development, and remains equally true today. However, the economic pillar has been prioritized at the expense of the social and environmental pillars of sustainable development over the last few decades, becoming itself a source of volatility and destabilization.
The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, Rio +20, now offers an opportunity to re-examine the relationship between health and sustainable development. The proposed SDE Seminar series towards Rio+20 aim at contributing to this important debate by bringing different themes of relevance to sustainable development and health to inform all areas of the Pan American Organization about the themes under discussion in the Rio Conference, but also to inform public health stakeholders and other decision makers in the health sector, to better take part in the debate.
The SDE Seminar series will happen every Wednesday from 12 to 1pm ( Washington time), from February 8 to June 13th.
All Seminars will be life-streamed, and opened for participation in person at the PAHO/WHO HQ, or via Elluminate.
Some of the Seminars will be in English, others in Spanish.
For those who cannot follow the seminar alive, they will be available later at PAHO Rio+20 Toolkit at: http://bit.ly/oxoRdS
Short Bio participants
Ms. H. Elizabeth Thompson, a former Minister for Energy and Environment of Barbados, was appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations as Executive Coordinator for the UNCSD Rio + 20 Conference and assumed her duties in 7 December 2010. Ms. Thompson also served as Minister for Physical Development and Minister for Health. Ms. Thompson was appointed to the Barbados Senate and was a practicing attorney as well as a journalist. In addition, she was a lecturer in ecology, economy, energy and politics. Ms. Thompson graduated from the University of the West Indies and obtained an MBA, with distinction, from the University of Liverpool and a Master of Laws from Robert Gordon University , Scotland .
Dr. Patrick Martin, a USA Certified Paediatrician (ABP) and Physician Executive (ACPE), is the Chief Medical Officer of St Kitts and Nevis having assumed that role in October 2004.He is a graduate of the University of the Virgin islands and Howard University college of Medicine. At the regional and international levels, Dr. Martin represents St Kitts and Nevis in matters relating to public health and its interface with sustainable development.
Dr. Hugh Sealy, a chemical engineer with a MSc in Environmental Pollution Science and PhD in Environmental Science is a consultant with over 25 years of experience as a project manager, a professional engineer, an environmental scientist and a university lecturer. He was the Chairman of the Barbados National Energy Policy Committee and the Chairman of the National Commission on Sustainable Development for the Government of Barbados. In January 2008, Dr. Sealy was elected as a Member of the Executive Board of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) under the UNFCCC. In December 2011 Dr. Sealy was reelected to the Executive Board of the CDM to serve as the Member for the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS). Currently, Dr. Sealy is an Associate Professor in the Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine in the School of Medicine at St. George’s University in Grenada .
Dr. Rudolph Cummings MD, MPH, is Health Sector Development Programme Manager in the Directorate of Human and Social Development, CARICOM Secretariat, Guyana . Formerly Chief Medical Officer in the Ministry of Health of Guyana , Dr. Cummings assumed office in 2007. In this post he is responsible for the co-ordination of regional health policy (CCHIII) across the English-speaking Caribbean, Surinam and Haiti (20 states). He is also Principal Health Officer of the Community Secretariat, providing policy guidance to the Secretary General and technical and policy support to the Ministerial Council on Human and Social Development. He also participates in the interdisciplinary agenda of the Secretariat.
Dr. Gerry Eijkemans is currently PAHO/WHO Representative in The Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands . Previously, Dr. Eijkemans was PWR for Suriname . She has 20 years of working experience at country level, regional level and global level at PAHO, WHO and ILO in the areas of occupational and environmental health.
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