Andrew Criddle asks of John Philipose:
>>I can't find any such references [to an "Angel MERRARI,"] could you give
an exact references to where in the Qumran texts such an angel is
Not being a reader of Hebrew, the closest thing I can get is "Marar" (be
bitter) or "Meriri" (bitter), perhaps the phrase is "angel/messenger of
bitterness." An alternate meaning is "rebelliousness." Theodore H. Gaster,
in his translation of the DSS (_The Dead Sea Scriptures_), includes an
analytical index. I do not see any angels named that specifically, but he
does mention "angels of destruction." A note says that the Samaritans speak
similarly of "angels of perturbation" (mala'che rigzah) which would
literally mean "messengers of insurrection."
If these "angels of destruction" are John's "angel Merrari" then they are
found in Manual of Discipline ix.12, Zaokite Document ii.6, and War of the
Sons of Light with the Sons of Darkness xiii.12 & xiv.10. I have an older
edition of Gaster, which uses now non-standard divisions and names for
texts, but I believe an updated edition is out there that would make these
easier to track down.
FWIW, I found "angels of destruction" in R. H. Charles' English translation
of the Cairo Ginezeh Zadokite Document at section 2.4, but the Hebrew word
is "chebel" = "destruction."
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