> -----Original Message-----
> Van: JArmstr904@... [mailto:JArmstr904@...]
> Verzonden: woensdag 4 juni 2003 14:55
> Aan: email@example.com
> Onderwerp: Re: [groningen-genealogy] Naamsaanneming 1811 (was: Even
> Could some kind soul please translate this for those of us
> who speak no Dutch? Thank you so much!
> Jan Parsons Armstrong
> El Paso, Texas
> http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/> ~janarmstrong
I'm a little slow on the draw here, but what the heck, you need some
experience translating anyway, right? I translated this decree for
myself some time ago. Here it is:
Source : register of family names of the mairie Jorwerd, inv.nr. 83
Decree of Family Names (1811)
In the register of family-names in the mairie Jorwerd (Friesland), the
following decree was found. This decree, issued by Napoleon, directs
every Dutch citizen to adopt a family-name.
"In the Palace of St. Cloud, the 18 August 1811.
Napoleon, Emperor of the French, King of Italy, Protector of the Rhine
Alliance, Mediator of the Swiss Confederacy.
Following the report of our Chief Judge Minister of Justice, in view of
our Decree of 20 July 1808; Heard by our State Council, We have decreed
and decree as follows:
Art 1. Those of our subjects in erstwhile Holland, at the Mouth of the
Rhine, at the Mouth of the Schelde and in the District Breda, who thus
far have not had a permanent family-name or first-name, are obliged to
adopt the same, during the course of the year of this present decree,
and to notify the clerk of the Civil Registry in the municipality where
they live, of such adoption.
Art 2 Names of cities shall not be allowed as family-names. For
first-names, allowed are only those which are allowed under the Act of
II germinal IIe
Art 3. The mayors, when recording their residents, shall be compelled
to research, and to notify the board, whether these persons have
complied with the preceding articles. They shall also be compelled to
report those residents of their municipality who have changed their
name, without having lived up to the regulations of abovementioned Act
of II germinal IIe year.
Art 4. From the clauses of this present decree will be exempted those
of the residents of the departments of erstwhile Holland, at the Mouth
of the Rhine, at the Mouth of the Schelde and in the District Breda, who
have well-known names and first names, and which names they have had for
a long while, even though that these names were derived from cities.
Art 5. Those of our subjects, mentioned in the previous article, who
wish to keep their names and first names, shall nonetheless be required
to report such, to wit: those, who reside in abovementioned departments,
to the mairie of the municipality, where they reside, and the other in
the location where they intend to establish their residence: all within
the time period mentioned in art. 1.
Art 6. The family name, that the father, or in his absence, the
paternal grandfather, has declared to want to adopt, or which was
assigned to him, shall be given to all children, who must use this name
henceforth and in all acts; to this end the father, or in his absence,
the grandfather, shall mention the children present in his registration,
as well as their place of residence; and those of our subjects, whose
father, or in his absence their grandfather is still alive, only need to
declare that he is alive, as well as his place of residence.
Art 7. They, who have not fulfilled the present regulations, and within
the stated time, and they who, in any public act or trade contract,
arbitrarily and without consideration for the law of the IInd germinal
IInd year, have changed their name, shall be punished according to the
Art 8. Our grand judge minister of justice and our minister of internal
affairs are charged, each insofar it applies, with the execution of said
decree, which will be placed in the bulletin of the law.
In the name of the Emperor, the Minister Secretary of State,
(witn.) The Count DARU."
In a letter to all local governments in his territory, the Under-Prefect
of the District of Sneek notifies them of this decree and charges them
with its implementation. He prescribes the use of a standard form for
this process. In closing he adds:
"Which formula, with the necessary modifications, must be identical for
guardians of under-aged children, who have neither father nor
grandfather, and for other cases which may occur in this process."
Will that do the trick?
Frank van Thienen
Vernon, BC Canada