The article by Prof Gammage is superb. In many ways quite insightful, frank and honest. No doubt the principles of sensei Fukuoka stand vindicated. The issue I think is, do whatever is sustainable and it will work. Similar practices by the Andamanese indicate that many of them are evolutionary in nature, meaning that if something isn't sustainable, it dies out. Anyone wishing to read more on this can read 'land of naked people' by Madhusree Mukerjee, or look up www.andaman.org
I am attaching a small extract from the book below:
"Some odd customs of the
Onge (aboriginal tribe) were in fact beneficial, discovered Lidio Cipriani, an Italian
anthropologist who camped on Little Andaman during the 1950s. The Onge
believed, for instance, that the creepers with fleshy edible roots, which they
dug out and ate, were under the protection of a spirit. So were the yams, which
the Onge had to steal from the ground: On no account must there be any signs of
the theft for the spirit to see, so they quietly take off roots or tubers some
way from the main stem and leave the rest, patting the earth down afterwards
and covering the place with leaves. The plant continued to flourish, evidently
helped by the pruning.
protected by benign spirits tended to be edible, whereas those belonging to
malevolent ones were poisonous. The Onge also had taboos against the killing of
birds and of boars in the breeding season.
Some of these
prohibitions clearly aided the Onge in using and preserving their environments
resources. Richard Dawkins, a scientist and visionary, has suggested that a few
simple, elemental ideas (known as memes) win a Darwin-like competition with
other ideas and catch on, because they somehow enhance the survival of their
adherents. Indeed, the islanders might have suffered from hunger if theyd
routinely uprooted tuberous plants or shot pregnant sows.
Cipriani found Little
Andaman to be so rich in boar, lobsters, fruit, and other delicious fare that
he did not have to carry rations. Indeed, the Onge would throwaway any fish
they deemed to be even slightly stale. So easily is sea food procured that they
do not consider any laying up for the morrow, another visitor, Suydam Cutting,
wrote in 1932. When a man is hungry he goes out and catches the food for his
immediate use and that is all. The islanders lived in such plenty at least in
part because of their seemingly whimsical beliefs."
--- On Mon, 13/9/10, Jason <macropneuma@...> wrote:
From: Jason <macropneuma@...>
Subject: [fukuoka_farming] Nature Farming è‡ªç„¶è¾²æ³• across our continent called Australia over 1000s of years.
Date: Monday, 13 September, 2010, 3:15 PM
Gammage, Professor Bill (Australian National University, Adjunct Professor at the Humanities Research Centre)
'far more happier than we Europeans': Aborigines and farmers
London Papers in Australian Studies No. 12
Menzies Centre for Australian Studies
Kingâ€™s College London
(freely available on this page for download)
Please read it - please comment on my post here *after* reading this short publication.
ie. >Nature Farming è‡ªç„¶è¾²æ³• across our continent now called Australia over 1000s of years.<
This history of hundreds & thousands of years accords completely with Fukuoka Masanobu sensei's principles, starting with no plowing - no gross plowing, finely honed digging sticks were used widely, by women... (and this expansively pre-dates Fukuoka Masanobu sensei of course, by hundreds & thousands of years - putting that point better it is contemporaneous with traditional Japanese & Indian & Chinese and other natural farming practices from thousands of years ago, before the use of gross plowing).
There are many many documented official references to these wide practices, from here in this continent, but which have been ignored or forgotten for apparent motives of covering many past land injustices... .
Also 4000 (approximately) indigenous-Oz plant taxa* have been officially recorded as Aborigine's plant foods in this continent, no called Australia, by professional 'western' botanists, eg. Beth Gott & Tim Denham, from Monash University, Peter Latz from Central Australia, etc..
*taxa = species, subspecies, varieties &/or cultivars.
I can provide much more documentation if requested, as can Bill Gammage himself and several more writers from here in Oz.
Previously i myself quoted some few small number of the easily quotable primary historical sources for this, in my 2004 post here:
I will do better quality writing on this in the future when i have more time. Please consider this a 'heads-up' post for you.
More & better writers than me, professionals, including Professor Bill Gammage are writing more & better quality writing on this, at this time, to be *published* soon.
Biggest best wishes with all life,
South East Oz (so called Australia - the great south land - ***south of 'somewhere' to the north!***)
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