Great Dental Coverage! 3 Months FREE! B i s m i l l a a h i r R a h m a a n i r R a h e e m Teachings of the Qur`aan Al-Maaidah Soorah 5 Aayaat 67 - 71Message 1 of 1 , Jan 1, 2007View Source
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B i s m i l l a a h i r R a h m a a n i r R a h e e m___________________________________
After disclosing the real reasons for the intense reaction of the People of the Book against the Islamic system, the Prophet Ŝall Allaahu`alayhi wa sallam is being told in verse 67 to ignore their opposition and continue to propagate the Islamic message of peace, justice and excellence.
67 O Messenger! Effectively convey what has been sent down to you from your Lord; because if you do not do it, then you have not done your job of conveying His message. Allaah will protect you from the people. Surely Allaah will not guide the disbelieving people.
The Prophet Ŝall Allaahu`alayhi wa sallam has been reminded that his prophetic mission is not fully accomplished unless the message of Islam is appropriately presented to the Jews and Christians as effectively as it has been given to the idolaters. Although the point is addressed to the Prophet Ŝall Allaahu`alayhi wa sallam, it is indirectly directed to the Jews and the Christians to make them realize that the mission of the Prophet Ŝall Allaahu`alayhi wa sallam includes guiding them, and as such, they better listen to him. Thus, along with this declaration, verses 68 to 86 have been revealed to the Prophet Ŝall Allaahu`alayhi wa sallam to be presented to the Jews and Christians as a concluding and concise message that identifies where they have gone wrong and how they can come back on the straight path leading to the ultimate success and Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala’s pleasure.
Although they want Muslims to accept them as believers on the premise that they also believe in God and the hereafter, Muslims must not accept that definition of being a believer. Not only because their belief in Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala and the hereafter is defective, but also because a person cannot be a believer without accepting the current messenger and without living by the current revelations. This message must be delivered unequivocally, without any compromise and without giving in to their wishes. As for their fury, their hate and their accusation of intolerance, the Prophet Ŝall Allaahu`alayhi wa sallam should not be concerned about it because he is under Allaah’s protection. If they feel desperate after this concluding message and take some drastic step against him, they will not succeed. Whatever efforts they make to hinder the progress of the Islamic mission, Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala will not let them come up with effective tactics to do that.
They must understand clearly that they have no recognition or status with Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala unless and until they live by the teachings of and live for the objectives given in the Torah, Gospel and the Qur-aan. The next verse contains this clear-cut message that the Prophet Ŝall Allaahu`alayhi wa sallam has been commanded to give unequivocally.
68 Say, “O People of the Book! You have no ground to stand upon unless you fully abide by the Torah, the Gospel, and that what has come to you from your Lord.” What has been sent down to you from your Lord shall definitely cause many of them to intensify in rebellion and disbelief; but grieve not for the disbelieving people.
When the Qur-aan refers to the Torah and the Gospel, it is not referring to everything contained in those books as they exist now. Much of the contents of those books are notes, explanations, additions, insertions by the writers and subsequent people. The Qur-aan refers to the portions that represent the teachings from Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala and His messengers which can be identified as the verses wherein Allaah, Moses and Jesus have been quoted. Although the authenticity and integrity of those portions is also suspect, even then if the Jews follow those portions of Torah properly and the Christians follow those of Gospel properly, they cannot help but believe in the Qur-aan which has been, once again, described as “what has come to you from your Lord”. Thus, to be counted among the believers, they must first of all believe in all books. But belief in them is not the only requirement, – they must also abide by them and establish them (Iqaamah). It means that all individual and collective as well as private and public affairs of their lives must be conducted according to the principles and rules given in them. They must fully establish the system of justice, peace and excellence chalked out by them. Only if they do so, they will be Allaah’s favourite, Allaah’s chosen, saved from the punishments of hereafter, and able to attain salvation and success in the hereafter. Without establishing the full and pure Islamic system of life, they have no status, no salvation and no ground to stand upon.
After this clear message, if they would have been sincere, they would accept the Qur-aanic message, and join the Islamic mission; but because of their strong feelings of jealousy, hatred, bias and prejudice, most of them became more intense in their fury, hate and rejection of Islam. The Prophet Ŝall Allaahu`alayhi wa sallam, being always concerned about the well being of people, knew that their attitude was going to cause them great grief; however, he was told not to feel sorry for them.
Those, especially the Jews, who think that Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala’s love, salvation and blessing is doled out on the basis of favouritism or race rather than on the basis of establishment of Deen are being reminded by verse 69 that Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala is neither racist nor does He play favourites, once again, as this reminder was given in Al-Baqarah verse 62. Many people have false notions that just by the fact that they profess themselves to be Muslims, Jews, Sabians or Christians, they will be among the people of Jannah, the chosen ones, the favourites or the saved. The fact is that He does not deal with people on the basis of who their forefathers were or what kind of wishful thinking they have been living under. He deals with, rewards or punishes people on the basis of whether they have personally accepted and practiced Islamic faith or not.
69 Surely those who believe and those who had become Jews and the Sabians and the Christians -- whoever believes in Allaah and the last day and does good, they shall have no fear nor shall they grieve.
Because the verse does not give a full list of all articles of Islamic faith, some people may wrongfully think that only belief in Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala and the Last Day is enough for salvation. But that thinking occurs only when this verse is taken out of its context. The preceding verses have already clearly and emphatically contradicted that notion. Here the Qur-aan is not giving a complete list of what constitutes Islamic faith but is only refuting the misunderstanding of people who think that their attribution to certain noble messengers or to certain groups of people is enough to ensure their salvation. It emphasizes that the salvation requires two things: a personal faith in Islam and full practice of the Deen (doing good). Faith in Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala and in the Last Day are mentioned only as representatives of all articles of Islamic faith including the belief in the last Messenger and the Qur-aan. A person who truly believes in Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala and the Last Day will always believe in all of His Messengers and all of the Books including the Qur-aan, according to which he has to perform to be successful in the hereafter. The performance is so important that even a Muslim will be a loser if he will not perform according to the requirements of the Deen of Islam as a complete system of life. Thus, if a person believes in Islam and strives for practicing Islam as a complete system of life, he will attain salvation without any worries, regardless of which community he was born in. On the other hand, if a person does not believe properly in Islam or does not practice Islam as a complete system of life, he will be a loser regardless of whose progeny he is or what community he has been raised in, even if the community assumed itself to be God’s favourite (such the Jews) or to be the only community to attain salvation (such as Muslims or Christians).
The next two verses explain why the Jews have lost their status to be God’s favourites.
70 Certainly We took the covenant of the Children of Israel and We sent to them many messengers; whenever there came to them a messenger with what that was against their desires -- some they called impostors, and some they murdered. 71 They assumed that they would not be put through trial, so they became blind and deaf. Then, Allaah turned to them mercifully, yet again many of them became blind and deaf. But Allaah sees well all that they do.
The Israelites were accorded special status as a result of their covenant with Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala. The covenant was conditional on their believing in messengers sent to them and on dedicating their time and resources to work hard along with those messengers in establishing the whole Islam as a system of life. But they broke their covenant. Instead of submitting wholly and solely to the Islamic teachings brought by the prophets and messengers they wanted to pick and choose according to what they liked and what they did not like. When prophets insisted that they should submit to the whole Islamic package fully, they rejected them against the covenant they had made. In addition, they were so obdurate to insist on their own ideas and notions that they were annoyed by the prophets’ call towards total Islam – so annoyed that they murdered some of them.
They thought this flagrant violation of the covenant would not put them through any difficulty from Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala. With that assumption, they did not care. They behaved blind and deaf to the warnings of the prophets. However, when Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala made them suffer as a consequence, they repented. Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala accepted their repentance and turned to them mercifully. But again they resorted to similar behaviour. Instead of refraining from the violation of their covenant, they became more arrogant. Most of them started treating the prophets in the same manner and became blind and deaf to their teachings and warnings.
Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala made them suffer for their violation of the covenant, but this time they did not even repent. Hence, they continue to be under Allaah’s curse and anger, instead of being his favourites. Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala is watching them. Unless they now believe in the last Messenger of Allaah and in Islam as a complete system of life, they will remain under that curse.
At this point, let us take a moment to reflect on the condition of the Muslims. Muslims have no ground to stand upon and no claim to Allaah’s help or mercy until they establish the whole Islam as a complete system of life wherever they are in majority. Until that happens, they are in violation of their covenant they have made by saying Shahaadah. Until that happens, they will remain under the curse and anger of Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala like the Jews. Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta`aala does not play favourites. He is just and consistent in giving the same punishment for the same crime.
Next: Verses 72 - 77
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The following soorahs of 'Teachings of the Qur`aan' series by Ustaadz Ayub A. Hamid, are available upon request.Al-Faatihah: The First Verse of the Qur`aan - Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-RaheemAl-Faatihah: Part 1: Name, Background, Teachings and Commentary.Al-Faatihah: Part 2: The Significance and Summary.Al Baqarah: Name, Background and TopicsAl Baqarah: The Letters: Alif, Laam, Meem - Aayah 1Al Baqarah: 2:2-5/2:6-7/2:8-16/2:17-20/2:21-25/2:26-27/2:28-29/2:30-33/2:34-39/2:40-46/2:47-56/2:57-61/2:62/2:63-66/2:67-74/2:75-77/2:78-82/2:83-86/2:87-88/2:89-91/2:92-98/2:99-103/2:104-107/2:108-110/2:111-114/2:115-118/2:119-121/2:122-124/2:125/2:126/2:127-129/2:130-134/2:135-141/A Summary Review of the Context/ 2:142-143/2:144-152/2:153-157/2:158-162/2:163-167/2:168-176/2:177/2:178-179/ 2:180-182/2:183-187/2:188/2:189-195/2:196-203/2:204-214/2:215-218/2:219-221/ 2:222-227/2:228-231/2:232-242/2:243/2:244-248/2:249-253/2:254-257 2:258-260 / 2:261-273/2:274-281/2:282-283/ 2:284-286.Aali`Imraan: Name, Background and TopicsAali`Imraan: Teachings and Running Commentary: Aayaat 3:1-6/3:7-9/3:10-17/3:18-25/ 3:26-32/3:33-51/3:52-57/3:58-63/3:64-80/3:81-85/3:86-91/3:92-99/3:100-103/3:104-109/3:110-115/3:116-120/An Overview of the Battle of Uhad/3:121-129/3:130-136/3:137-142/3:143-148/3:149-153/3:154-158/3:159-160/3:161-163/3:164-175/3:176-179/3:180-186/3:187-189/3:190-194/3:195-200.An-Nisaa`:Al-Maaidah: Name, Background and TopicsAl-Maaidah: 5:1-2/5:3/5:4-5/5:6-7/5:8-11/5:12-16/5:17-19/5:20-26/5:27-31/5:32-34/5:35-37/5:38-40/5:41-43/5:44-47/5:48-50/5:51-56/5:57-66/Karima-DDN
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