--- In firstname.lastname@example.org
, "alexandru_mg3" <alexandru_mg3@...>
> If somebody can access this article please tell me
> "Reassessing domestication events in the Near East: Einkorn and
> Triticum urartu.
> Heun M, Haldorsen S, Vollan K.
> Department of Ecology and Natural Resource Management (INA),
> Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB), N-1432 As, Norway.
> To reassess domestication events in the Near East, accessions of
> Triticum urartu from a well-described sampling were combined with a
> representative sample covering the Karacadað Einkorn wheat
> domestication. The observed DNA separation between the two wheat
> species accounts for the main differentiation, but geographic
> variation within T. urartu is evident and so is the domestication
> scenario among wild, feral, and domesticated Einkorn. In contrast
> the clear DNA differences, it is difficult to separate living T.
> urartu from wild Einkorn based on morphology. With archaeobotanical
> material a distinction of carbonized remains of these two wheats is
> considered to be impossible. We reviewed the differences concerning
> morphology and maturity and combined these observations with
> information about archaeological sites in the Near East. In
> conclusion, the excavation sites in the middle Euphrates may
> T. urartu rather than Einkorn wheat and T. urartu may underlie the
> reported occurrence of the extinct 2-grained domesticated "Einkorn"
> wheat. The first Einkorn wheat domestication sensu stricto seems to
> have happened around the Karacadað, as reported earlier. The human
> dimension shown by the excavation of Göbekli Tepe can explain why
> domesticated phenotypes might have spread quickly.
> PMID: 18521123 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
The 'original' .pdf (not the 'reassessed' one) is here....
More or less the conclusion is that:
- The Oldest Discovered Temple in the World dated ~ 10000 BC
is in the same region and in the same timeframe where
- Domestication of Wheat Happened ~ 10000 BC
P.S. As regarding the languages in that area (I ignore the timeframes
here) I would add to Semitic & Indo-European groups the Kartvelian