... the occurrences of velars vs. palatals in LIV A rough count, based on Bird s roots (the basic roots extracted from Pokorny), puts initial *k at 88, andMessage 1 of 44 , Dec 1 12:19 AMView Source
>If anyone can tell me
the occurrences of velars vs. palatals in LIV
A rough count, based on Bird’s roots (the basic roots extracted from Pokorny), puts initial *k’ at 88, and initial *k at 166.
Medially, it’s *k’ 13 and *k 17.
There are also about 37 roots with initial *(s)k or *sk, where the distinction between *k’ and *k should be lost (though I note I have also listed 8 roots in *(s)k’ – either my fault, or Bird has listed them that way.)
I also have Mann, and find it gives access to the Armenian and Albanian material better than Pokorny. But the lack of an index makes it mostly useless.
... From: stlatos ... Therefore, Kamviri z.úk salt must be borrowed from Skt: ... Since k p by u in some Dardic, as Khow *pr,zdn,kúsMessage 44 of 44 , Dec 17 12:44 AMView Source
----- Original Message -----
From: "stlatos" <stlatos@...>
> Skt u:s.ará- > *u:s.rà > s.urà 'saltpeter'
Therefore, Kamviri z.úk 'salt' must be borrowed from Skt:
So I'd reply to:
--- In email@example.com, "Piotr Gasiorowski" <gpiotr@...> wrote:
> Zupanija (Z = "zh" or "z^") is derived from Zupan 'the
> supervisor of a Zupa (a salt mine, sometimes also a salt or
> silver depot)' -- a very important function in early Slavic
> states, as salt production was an extremely lucrative
> business, usually monopolised by the ruler. Zupan eventually
> came to mean something like 'alderman' or 'sheriff' in
> Anglo-Saxon England -- a royal official responsible for an
> administrative unit. As characteristically Iranian agent
> nouns in -pa:na- (cf. Indic -pa:- < IE *pax-) mean
> 'guardian, supervisor, protector', an Iranian connection
> used to be proposed for Zupan as well, but the idea has been
> abandoned by most scholars: the morphological division is
> after all Zup-an rather than Zu-pan. However, Zupa itself is
> a mysterious word and I'd like to see a convincing etymology
> of it myself. Slavic *Z comes from earlier *g(W) palatalised
> before a front vowel (that is, Zupa < something like
> *geup-a:), which seems to rule out any connection with the
> Tamil word.
Since k>p by u in some Dardic, as Khow *pr,zdn,kús > *purdumpu^ >
purdúm 'leopard', Kamviri z.úk 'salt' was likely related to an
Indo-Iranian language with z.>z^ in which *z.u:kWa > *z^upa 'salt'
Therefore, as a borrowing into Slavic no earlier gW > gY is needed.
And what about Kartvelian zGva "sea"
as a direct etymon to *s.ura, *zu-pa ans *z.uk "salt" ?