I found this about Alvin Plantinga It sounds to me that he holds to
the heresy of middle knowledge
The final solution I shall go over is the Molinist solution. It is
named after the Jesuit theologian, Luis de Molina, who first
formulated this theory. Some contemporary advocates include William
Lane Craig, Thomas Flint, Alfred Freddoso, and Alvin Plantinga.
According to Molinism, humans are absolutely free, and God can know
and plan the future with certain knowledge. God's knowledge of the
future does not determine human actions because God's knowledge of
our future choices is dependent on what choices we make. Instead of
God overriding our free will to force it to do what he wants, God
works what he wants knowing what our future choices will be.
According to Molinism, God knows what our future choices would be in
any given situation, so he can plan and instantiate a world where his
creation freely acts to bring about what he wants. Thus, free will
and divine foreknowledge can be simultaneously upheld.
--- In firstname.lastname@example.org
, "Ben Hart"
> A couple of things on Plantinga (that I may get shot for saying,
> oh well...)
> Yes, he may be a somewhat 'compromising' Calvinist in certain
> I've only heard this, but never seen it in his writings. The only
> thing I've read relevant to this point is the Free Will Defense
> where he says that it is logically possible that God create
> creatures having free will, and couldn't have therefore stopped
> from doing what is wrong. I don't see exactly what's wrong with
> this claim. Plantinga says you don't even need to believe it's
> for it to work as a defense - it need only be logically possible.
> Second, even if he is a 4-pointer, I'm going to rejoice that there
> is an almost-Calvinist who is the leading philosopher in the
> Christian world. I don't have a problem giving credit where it's
> due or meeting someone where they're at, especially when they've
> done a lot to make Christianity more defensable and acceptable
> You may appreciate my comments more after reading his
> lecture "Advice to Christian Philosophers." He is really a ground-
> breaking (or perhaps re-breaking) guy and really deserves the
> credit. http://www.leaderu.com/truth/1truth10.html