On 29 January 2013 20:26, neo gu <qiihoskeh@...
> I have a specific question about citation forms in the vocabulary.
> In Jan19, transitive and ditransitive verbs have active and passive forms.
> For these verbs, the active infinitive has all the information needed to
> construct the other forms, except for irregular verbs, and is thus used as
> the citation form.
Mmm... citation forms are rarely chosen on the basis of the ability to
construct all the other forms from them. That's what principal parts are
for. In general, citation forms only give a general idea of the forms the
word will take, if that.
> For univalent and relational verbs, the basic form corresponds to the
> passive. The passive infinitive might be used as the citation form for
> these since it has the information needed to construct all the passive
> forms. However, the active forms are regularly used as causatives and need
> the active infinitive.
> So, should I use the active infinitive for all but a few verbs?
Difficult to say. Usually citation forms are the same for all words
belonging to the same part of speech. When a word uses a different citation
form than other words of the same part of speech, it's usually because they
lack the usual form (for instance, in Modern Greek the citation form of
verbs is the 1st person singular active indicative present. But it's the
3rd person for impersonal verbs that lack the 1st person, and it's the
passive form for deponent verbs that don't have an active voice). So your
case is not quite the same. I'm not quite sure what to make of it.
> If so, should I gloss the univalent and relational verbs as causatives
> rather than glossing the basic meaning? e.g. "whiten" vs "white".
Why not gloss either depending on the usage? In Moten, adjectives don't
exist as such: they are abstract nouns, and adjectival use is indicated by
word order. So a noun like _sezgo_ means literally "high speed" but is most
often used adjectivally to mean "quick, fast". In my Moten dictionary, I
list both cases, and in glosses I usually use the gloss that fits best the
context, unless I want to make a specific point.