Steven, I think you have narrowed it down
precisely. I use different terminology but the gist is the same. Here is how I
One problem with the word, "Cause", is it has more
than one meaning. For example, one meaning should be more appropriately labeled,
"Causation". The ultimate causation of the secession crisis was due to the
issues surrounding slavery, and the election of President Lincoln. The other
meaning of cause, like "Southern Cause", is quite different. 95% of arguments
can be avoided by making these distinctions. There is much senseless
arguing because folks are not seeing eye to eye on
The Southern cause, in its most general
definition, was the preservation of the status quo of the antebellum
society through the victory of the Confederacy. This included the defense of
home, fireside, and native states. Sure some will say no, the cause was purely
the concept of State's rights, but even with that, the defense of State's rights
was for the ultimate purpose of maintaining the peace and order of Southern
society as founded by the founding fathers. Afterall, Southerners were not
fighting for the defense of state's rights when it came to Northern states
choosing to nullify the enforcement of the fugitive slave act.
I imagine a similar distinction should be made for
the "Northern Cause". Slavery was the prime causation for the war, but it was
"defending the flag", "preserving the Union" that were the prime "cause" for
most Federal soldiers.
Scott K. Williams
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Thursday, June 12, 2003 6:03
Subject: [civilwarwest] Re: Cause and
I suppose that is the only satisfactory conclusion to make. There was a
cause and affect in the War of the Rebellion (the true name for the civil
The "cause" of the war; the "affect" of the war.
Cause being eceonomics of slavery; affect being the enlistments of young
men and boys to fight for the UNION.
Two very differnt reasons. There is a distinction between the two.
I see that clearer now.
No slavery, no war. No rebellion, no enlistments in the army to
preserve, defend, protect the UNION.
Steven C. Russell