****** SUTP Newsletter ******
****** Issue 04/10 July - August 2010 ******
A PDF version of the newsletter can be downloaded from
An online version is also available at
***** Latest Publications *****
Module 1F: Financing Sustainable Urban Transport
Urban transport has historically not received the attention, careful
planning and financial support it deserves in order to function in a
sustainable manner. As a step to address this issue, this new GTZ Sourcebook
module provides detailed information on available options for financing
urban transport. It presents different financing instruments and ways in
which they can be best used, and how to optimally combine them. This module
is dedicated to policy makers, financial sector specialists and urban
planners/practitioners working on key challenges related to financing urban
transport systems. The module provides options to close the gap between the
ever growing demand for efficient, equitable and environmentally friendly
urban transport systems on one hand, and the dwindling financial resources
available to state and local authorities on the other.
In this module, the author, Mr. Ko Sakamoto, Senior Transport Consultant at
the UK Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) and an expert in the field of
finance, builds upon work done earlier by Dr. Gerhard Metschies. This
document also has substantial research inputs by Mr. Stefan Belka, GTZ. The
Sourcebook module covers the following subject area:
-The importance of finance in sustainable urban transport (Why is financing
important, who is involved and what is the scale of resources?)
-The double challenge: financing sustainable urban transport, sustainably
(What is a sustainable urban transport system, how can it be financed and
what are the barriers need to be acknowledged?)
-Approaches towards a sustainable system (Understanding and managing the
financial requirements & the various financing options and mechanisms)
-Financing Instruments at local, national and international level
-Optimally combining the financial options
-Summary of key points and necessary actions
The publication contains 98 illustrated pages, 19 tables, 58 boxes and 42
figures. Additionally it provides further reading and links on financing &
pricing and climate funds issues.
GTZ's latest technical document -"Public Bicycles: Applying the Concept in
GTZ's latest publication on urban transport, "Public Bicycle Schemes:
Applying the Concept in Developing Cities (Examples from India)" is the
third in its technical documents series. The document is authored by Ms.
Chhavi Dhingra and Mr. Santhosh Kodukula of GTZ-SUTP.
The objective of this technical document is to familiarize city authorities,
transport planners, businesses, civil society representatives and policy
makers in developing cities, with the concept and various components of a
public bicycle program, and to provide initial guidance and advice on
designing and implementing such a program in Indian cities.
This document presents the experience of bike sharing programs from a few
cities in Europe and Asia, and analyses the developing country climate
(taking India as an example) for encouraging such programs in developing
cities. An analysis of the existing bicycle rental programs in India and
their challenges, validates and reinforces the document's objectives. The
document also makes practical suggestions and recommendations for developing
cities who want to implement them.
GTZs Reading List on Urban Transport and Health is out
Transport is a key factor for human health. Increasingly, health aspects
have been assuming prime influence on transport development policies, as
transport affects the health of the whole citys population through its
positive and negative impacts on the living environment. Direct and indirect
negative health impacts from urban transport include injuries from road
traffic accidents, noise annoyances and disturbances, respiratory problems
due to air pollution, overweight/obesity associated with reduced physical
activity as a result of choosing driving instead of walking or cycling,
stress, fatigue, social exclusion, etc. Furthermore, motorized transport is
a major contributor to climate change as it emits green house gases (GHG).
Therefore, there is a need to take into account impact on human health while
formulating transport related policies. This reading list called Urban
Transport and Health released by GTZ provides the reader with a whole
variety of research topics, studies, reports and other sources related to
the subject of urban transport and health.
The reading list is organized as follows:
- Key organisations in the field
- Transport as access to health services
- Air pollution, noise and congestion
- Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and climate change
- Road traffic safety and protection against accidents
- Health benefits of public transit, walking and cycling
GTZ Survey Report on Bangkok BRT
Mr. Santhosh Kodukula, Urban Transport Specialist of GTZ-SUTP, visited the
recently opened Bangkok Bus Rapid Transit System - a new addition to the
existing mass transit systems of the city. His observations during his visit
to the system have been documented and are available as a survey report.
The system started on 29 May, 2010 and is called the Bangkok Rapid Transit
or BRT. The route is currently 15.9 kilometres long with 12 stations. The
system has distinct buses that are exclusive to the BRT route. According to
the Office of the Traffic and Transport Policy and Planning's (OTP) master
plan for Bangkok, the final BRT system will be 110 kilometres with 5 routes.
More information on the BRT in Bangkok can be found in the report, which
also suggests some improvements for the existing system. Should you have any
suggestions, comments or queries, you may contact Mr. Kodukula on his email
Reading list Electric Mobility is now out
In order to address way to cater with the limited fossil fuel availability
and the increasing CO2 emissions, electric mobility is increasingly
discussed as an innovative alternative to gasoline-powered transport. In
urban areas, promoting electric vehicles could offer a locally
emissions-free and quiet transport system; and also reduce the dependence on
fossil fuels. However, the sustainability of the electric mobility is
challenged if the non-local energy sources are not renewable. Finally, the
reduction of CO2 emission is dependent on the energy mix. This reading list
provides not only an overview of policies of and planning for electric
mobility, it gives also an in-depth look at its recent technology and
expertise. The structure of the reading list is organized as follows:
History of and prospects for electric mobility
Policy of and planning for electric mobility
Impacts and benefits of electric mobility
Development of electric vehicle charging infrastructure
Technology and design of electric cars
Energy source and energy storage/battery
Electric two- and three-wheeler
Webpages of organizations and internet portals
ITDP White Paper on "A Paradigm Shift Towards Sustainable Low-Carbon
Transport- Financing the Vision ASAP"
by K. Sakamoto, H. Dalkmann and D. Palmer.
The work is made in contribution to the aims of the Partnership on
Sustainable Low-Carbon Transport (SLoCaT Partnership), a group of
organisations working to enhance the contributions of the transport sector
in addressing climate change within the context of sustainable development.
This White Paper draws from and is intended to contribute to a number of
other related initiatives, for example the work conducted by the German
Technical Cooperation (GTZ) on its Sourcebook Module on Financing
The paper is an initial attempt to identify the challenges and actions
needed to finance the paradigm shift towards sustainable, low-carbon
transport in developing countries. It is meant to be a living document, to
which further work by SLoCaT members can be added.
***** Recent News from GTZ-SUTP *****
E-learning course Sustainable Urban Mobility in Developing Countries
The Local Development Programme of UNITAR, in partnership with GTZ, the
German Technical Cooperation, is launching a new e-learning course on
Sustainable Urban Mobility in Developing Countries, running from 4 October
2010 to 18 March 2011. The e-course aims to enhance the capacity of local
decision makers and urban and transportation planners in order to formulate
and implement appropriate policies that contribute to sustainability in
urban transport in developing countries. It allows an analysis of the main
issues of sustainable transport including transport demand management,
improved public and non-motorized transport, environmental protection, road
safety, and gender in transport.
The 6-module course is based on sound adult pedagogical principles
including, among others, self-assessment activities and case study, as well
as social elements such as peer-to-peer review and a discussion board. It is
distributed in such a way to ensure the achievement of the learning
objectives in a flexible manner, as participants can choose the learning
pace that is the most adequate to them.
GTZ at the Fifth Regional EST Forum, 23-25 August 2010, Bangkok, Thailand
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) of the Kingdom of
Thailand, the Ministry of the Environment of the Government of Japan, United
Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN ESCAP),
and the United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD), with support
from various international organizations and donor agencies, jointly
organized the Fifth Regional Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST)
Forum from 23 to 25 August 2010 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the theme A New
Decade in Sustainable Transport.
For the event, the GTZ transport team prepared a background paper entitled
"Beyond the Fossil City: Towards Low Carbon Transport and Green Growth".
This paper discussed what national and/or urban low-carbon transportation
policy packages exist and how they could help countries win the battle
against climate change, how sustainable development policies and measures in
the transport sector could include a variety of co-benefits, and the role
that global policies and deals on emissions control for developing countries
could potentially play.
Mr. Manfred Breithaupt, Project Director of GTZ's Sustainable Urban
Transport Project (SUTP) and one of the UNCRD EST experts introduced the
background paper and made a presentation titled "Low-Carbon Land Transport
Options towards reducing Climate Impacts and achieving Co-Benefits".
GTZs training course on Sustainable Urban Transport in Kuching, Sarawak,
The GTZ-SUTP along with Land Transport Authority (LTA) Academy, Singapore
and the Malaysian Institute of Planners conducted a 2 day course on
"Sustainable Urban Transport" from 2 to 3 August 2010, in Kuching, Sarawak,
Malaysia. The training course was a pre-event to the International Public
Transport Conference held from 3-6 August 2010. The trainers for the course
were Mr. Manfred Breithaupt (GTZ), Mr. Santhosh Kodukula (GTZ) and Mr. Low
Chow Kuang (LTA).
The first day of the training course focussed on the general concepts of
sustainable urban transport and public transport improvement and the second
day focussed on the issues of non-motorised transport and travel demand
More than 30 people attended the training course. The participants were
mainly urban and transport planners working in various local governments
including Kuching, Kuala Lumpur, Iskandar and Brunei.
GTZ participates in Cities for Mobility World Congress 2010 at Stuttgart
GTZ-SUTP members took part in various activities during the Cities for
Mobility World Congress 2010 which was held during 4-6 July 2010 in
Stuttgart (Germany). Mr. Manfred Breithaupt and Mr. Carlos Pardo were part
of a roundtable discussion on Large events moderated by Mr. Pardo. Mr.
Breithaupt gave a presentation on the key aspects of Johannesburg's BRT Rea
Vaya and its relationship to the World Cup in Johannesburg.
Ms. Montserrat Miramontes took part in a plenary discussion of all
In plenary sessions, Mr. Carlos Pardo gave a presentation about Bogotá's
current transport policy and its evolution since 1998-2000, the period when
most transport improvements in the city were implemented.
GTZ at the 2nd World Urban Transport Leaders Summit in Singapore
The 2nd World Urban Transport Leaders Summit (WULTS) entitled "Transforming
Urban Transport for Liveable and Sustainable Cities took place from 30th
June - 1st July, 2010, in Singapore.
Plenary forums covered key issues such as new vision, governance,
sustainable urban solutions, green and eco-friendly transport, future
transport innovations, etc. The Summit also featured a Policy Dialogue with
top leaders and experts, and site visits to the latest transport initiatives
Mr. Manfred Breithaupt, GTZ Senior Transport Advisor and Project Director of
GTZ's Sustainable Urban Transport Project (SUTP), participated in the Summit
and made a presentation on Latest Developments in BRT from Around the
****** From Partners *****
Experts recommend car control for Asian cities
In a recent edition of the Centre for Science (CSE) publication called "Down
to Earth", experts from the field of sustainable urban transportation voiced
their thoughts on improving the urban transport mess of Asian cities. The
ideas included parking restraint measures, congestion charging, provision of
better public transport and non-motorized transport services and use of
economic instruments to control car usage.
Mr. Manfred Breithaupt, Senior Transport Advisor, GTZ, and Project Director
of GTZ's SUTP pointed out that restricting car usage must be accompanied
with an improvement in public transport and non-motorised transport services
as an obvious alternative to driving, and using traffic calming measures and
economic instruments should be seriously considered by developing cities.
UITP: French government wants to invest 55 billion euro in urban public
A draft French national transport infrastructure scheme (SNIT) was presented
on 13 July by the French Ecology Minister Jean-Louis Borloo. The proposal,
which is due to be adopted at the end of 2010, sets out a total of 170
billion euros worth of investment in alternatives to road transport over 20
to 30 years, including 55 billion euros for urban public transport.
The investment proposed by the French government is in line with the
sustainable development goals set out in the Grenelle de lEnvironnement,
the French governments environment action plan.
Read more: http://www.uitp.org/news/pics/pdf/PR-Investissement_EN.pdf
ITDP: Buenos Aires launches Bike-to-Work program
The Buenos Aires city government recently initiated a bike-to-work program,
its latest effort to get residents on bikes and out of their cars. With a
presentation from ITDP, the government held a conference with business
leaders to outline various means of encouraging their employees to commute
by bicycle, as well as the accompanying advantages for the companies,
employees, and environment. Shortly after, a number of companies, including
Coca-Cola, and Telefónica, signed an agreement with the city in which they
commit to encouraging sustainable mobility among their employees. At the end
of 2010, ITDP will assess the companies who signed the agreement and will
honor those which have made the most progress towards promoting sustainable
transportation among their employees.
Parisar Report: Pedestrian crossing facilities in Pune
This report presents the results of a survey of pedestrians using Foot
Over-Bridges (FOBs) and Foot Under-Bridges (FUBs), as well as the findings
of a usability analysis of these facilities in Pune. This study was
triggered by the controversy surrounding the construction of the FUB at
Goodluck chowk in Deccan Gymkhana area in late 2009.
The people asked showed a strong preference for at-grade crossing over using
either FUBs or FOBs, provided safe at-grade crossing was available.
Pedestrian counts backed up that statement: at FOBs and FUBs where at-grade
crossing with calculated risk was possible, people tended to do so. A sad,
but perhaps not surprising, finding was that the majority of interviewees
(over 60%) said that the traffic situation in Pune had changed for the worse
in the last five years. Missing safe at-grade crossings is just one example
of this development.
The usability analysis of FOBs and FUBs found that many of these facilities
are poorly designed, particularly for the children and the elderly. However,
the surveys also showed that FUBs if they are well designed can be
relatively more popular among pedestrians as they are more convenient and
safe to use for all. But even at such subways, pedestrian preference was to
cross the road at-grade if safe crossings were possible. Therefore, it is
recommended that Pune Municipal Corporation should strive towards provide
such safe at-grade crossings for pedestrians rather than build more FOBs,
FUBs and skywalks.
Parisar Report: Women Bicyclists of Pune
In Pune, and India as a whole, women who cycle may be viewed from a
different perspective than male cyclists. Similarly, the problems and issues
faced them also are likely to be different than male cyclists. To understand
these differences, Priyanka Gupta, a student from the Department of
Sociology in Pune University conducted a survey among women cyclists working
in Pune. This survey was conducted in September 2009.
This survey tries to understand the attitudes of women to cycling, the
problems faced by them and what could be done better to encourage more women
to cycle. Twenty women, unevenly distributed in three localities of Pune
were surveyed. Factors such as age profile, education, socio-economic status
and profession were taken into account This survey, though done on a small
scale, gave valuable insights into the unique issues that women face as
cyclists. Problems they face, in terms of attitude of motorists, their own
family members and the society were explored. The efficacy and usage of
cycle tracks was again gauged in this survey.
****** Upcoming Events ******
07.09.2010 Shanghai, CN: Workshop on SUT at World Exposition EXPO 2010
16.09.2010 Kaohsiung, TW: World Sharing Transport Conference
27.09.2010 Shanghai, CN: Linking Cities to Finance
03.10.2010 Dakar, SN:1stCongress & Exhibition on African Public Transport
04.10.2010 Mexico.D.F, MX: Intl Conf. on Sustainable Transport
05.10.2010 Incheon, KR: Incheon 2010 Future of Cities Congress
11.10.2010 Seoul, KR:2nd International Program on Seoul Urban Transport
25.10.2010 Buenos Aires, AR: CODATU XIV
25.10.2010 New Delhi, IN: MetroRail 2010, Asia
26.10.2010 Jinan City, CN:gTKP Workshop on Urban Mobility & Environment
09.11.2010 Singapore, SG: Better Air Quality 2010
12.11.2010 Singapore,SG: TDM Training course by GTZ, LTA Academy & ITDP
15.11.2010 Hong Kong, CN: Intl Conference on Public Transport Financing
03.12.2010 New Delhi, IN: Urban Mobility Conference
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All the documents mentioned here are available for download from the SUTP
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