See pp. 174 - 177 in "The Hidden Dimension" by Edward T. Hall.
Anchor Books, New York copyright 1966, Softcover edition.
He originated the idea of proxemics, the study of the effects on
living things of varying distances of separation and crowding. It's a
fascinating book, starting from tests on rats and moving through the
manifestation of these ideas in art and literature. Then he discusses
the how different cultures have evolved their own rules and customs.
All based on inherent, sub-conscious behaviors. He then applies these
ideas to how cities are designed and developed. The passages in the
cited pages lay out everything we discuss here concisely and
Written 40 years ago...
(Too much to quote. Definitely seek it out.)