Please note that I am not the author of this, the author is listed at the
bottom as BA Robinson.
On Thu, 21 Sep 2000 09:44:10 -0400 Ngasha Beck <Ngasha@...
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> "Every religion emphasizes human improvement, love, respect for
> sharing other people's suffering. On these lines every religion had
> more or
> less the same viewpoint and the same goal." The Dalai Lama
> Religious groups differ greatly in their concepts of deity, other
> beliefs and
> practices. Non-theistic ethical and philosophic systems, like
> Humanism, also
> exhibit a wide range of beliefs. But there is near unanimity of
> opinion that
> each person should treat others as they would themselves wish to be
> Almost all religious and ethical groups have passages in their holy
> texts, or
> writings of their leaders, which promote this Ethic of Reciprocity.
> The most
> commonly known version in North America is the Golden Rule of
> One result of this Ethic is the concept that every person shares
> inherent human rights, simply because of their membership in the
> human race.
> People are individually very different; they come in two main
> genders, all
> sizes and shapes, many races, and three sexual orientations. They
> follow many
> religious and economic systems. But there is a growing consensus
> that all are
> equal in importance. All should enjoy basic human rights. The
> United Nations
> Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is one manifestation of
> growing worldwide consensus. 3,4
> Some "Ethic of Reciprocity" passages from the religious texts of
> Bah�'� World Faith: "Ascribe not to any soul that which thou
> wouldst not
> have ascribed to thee, and say not that which thou doest not."
> "Blessed is he
> who preferreth his brother before himself." Baha'u'llah
> "And if thine eyes be turned towards justice, choose thou for thy
> that which thou choosest for thyself." Epistle to the Son of the
> Brahmanism: "This is the sum of duty: Do naught unto others which
> would cause
> you pain if done to you". Mahabharata, 5:1517
> Buddhism: "a state that is not pleasing or delightful to me, how
> could I
> inflict that upon another?" Samyutta NIkaya v. 353
> Hurt not others in ways that you yourself would find hurtful."
> Christianity: "Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men
> should do
> to you, do ye even so to them." Matthew 7:12
> "...and don't do what you hate...", Gospel of Thomas 6
> Confucianism: "Do not do to others what you do not want them to do
> to you"
> Analects 15:23 "Tse-kung asked, 'Is there one word that can serve as
> principle of conduct for life?' Confucius replied, 'It is the word
> 'shu' --
> reciprocity. Do not impose on others what you yourself do not
> Doctrine of the Mean 13.3
> Hinduism: "One should not behave towards others in a way which is
> disagreeable to oneself" Mencius Vii.A.4
> "This is the sum of duty: do naught unto others which would cause
> you pain if
> done to you." Mahabharata 5:1517
> Islam: "Not one of you is a believer until he loves for his brother
> what he
> loves for himself" Fourth Hadith of an-Nawawi 13
> Jainism: "Therefore, neither does he [, a sage,] cause violence
> to others
> nor does he make others do so." Acarangasutra 5.101-2.
> "In happiness and suffering, in joy and grief, we should regard all
> as we regard our own self." Lord Mahavira, 24th Tirthankara
> "A man should wander about treating all creatures as he himself
> would be
> treated. "Sutrakritanga 1.11.33
> Judaism: "...thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.", Leviticus
> "What is hateful to you, do not to your fellow man. This is the
> law: all the
> rest is commentary." Talmud, Shabbat 31a
> Native American Spirituality: "Respect for all life is the
> foundation." The
> Great Law of Peace
> Roman Pagan Religion: "The law imprinted on the hearts of all men
> is to love
> the members of society as themselves."
> Shinto: "The heart of the person before you is a mirror. See there
> your own
> Sikhism: "Compassion-mercy and religion are the support of the
> entire world".
> Japji Sahib "Don't create enmity with anyone as God is within
> everyone." Guru
> Arjan Devji 259
> Sufism: "The basis of Sufism is consideration of the hearts and
> feelings of
> others. If you haven't the will to gladden someone's heart, then at
> beware lest you hurt someone's heart, for on our path, no sin exists
> this." Dr. Javad Nurbakhsh, Master of the Nimatullahi Sufi Order.
> Taoism: "Regard your neighbor's gain as your own gain, and your
> loss as your own loss." T'ai Shang Kan Ying P'ien. "I am good to the
> man who
> is good to me, likewise, I am also good to the bad man." Tao Te
> Wicca: "A'in it harm no one, do what thou wilt" (i.e. do what every
> you want
> to, as long as it harms nobody, including yourself). The Wiccan Rede
> Yoruba: (Nigeria): "One going to take a pointed stick to pinch a
> baby bird
> should first try it on himself to feel how it hurts."
> Zoroastrianism: "That nature alone is good which refrains from
> doing unto
> another whatsoever is not good for itself". Dadistan-i-dinik 94:5
> "Whatever is disagreeable to yourself do not do unto others."
> Shayast-na-Shayast 13:29
> Some philosophers' statements are
> Socrates: "Do not do to others that which would anger you if others
> did it to
> you." (Greece; 5th century BCE)
> Seneca: "Treat your inferiors as you would be treated by your
> Epistle 47:11 (Rome; 1st century CE)
> One example from an ethical system is
> Humanism: "...critical intelligence, infused by a sense of human
> caring, is
> the best method that humanity has for resolving problems. Reason
> should be
> balanced with compassion and empathy and the whole person
> fulfilled." Humanist
> Manifesto II; Ethics section.
> Two exceptions
> Church of Satan: "4. Satan represents kindness to those who deserve
> instead of love wasted on ingrates! 5. Satan represents vengeance
> instead of
> turning the other cheek.!" A.S. LaVey, founder of The Church of
> Satan, The
> Nine Satanic Statements.
> World Church of the Creator: "What is good for the White Race is
> the highest
> virtue; what is bad for the White Race is the ultimate sin."
> Although the
> W.C.O.T.C. uses the term "church" they are strongly anti-Christian
> in belief.
> Their religion is based mainly upon love of the white race and
> hatred of
> everyone else, which they call members of the "mud races."
> Care is needed in applying the Golden Rule
> Any rule must be applied carefully, and with full knowledge of the
> consequences. Many of the above "golden rules" imply that there is
> absolute standard on what is beneficial and what is harmful.
> George Bernard Shaw, (1903): "Do not do unto others as you would
> that they
> should do unto you. Their tastes may not be the same."
> A lot of harm has been done historically, in the name of helping
> other people.
> Some examples:
> Many individuals involved in the torture and murder of Witches
> during the
> late Middle Ages and Renaissance felt that their mission was to help
> society and the Witches. The latter would be given a chance to
> renounce their
> beliefs and be executed before they recanted. This might give them
> access to
> Heaven rather than being sent to Hell for endless torture.
> Some suicidologists believe that the extremely high suicide rate
> among native
> people in North America is a direct result of the destruction of
> aboriginal faith and other aspects of their society by Christian
> Social programs that were originally designed to help the poor, can
> backfire and entrap the very people they intended to help.
> Before applying the golden rule, we should take care that we are
> helping people, and not harming them.
> Failures of the Ethic of Reciprocity
> Many individuals are primarily concerned with their own well being,
> and that
> of their family and "tribe." Some are able to apply the ethic of
> only to their immediate friends and relatives. Somehow, people who
> are close
> to us are seen as more "equal" than strangers.
> Some individuals are able to extend the Ethic to all fellow
> believers who
> share their religion. An insufficient number are able to extend it
> followers of other religions and ultimately to all human beings. The
> number of religiously-based civil disturbances and wars currently
> active in
> the world is evidence of this failing.
> Passages that violate the Ethic of Reciprocity
> Unfortunately, many religious texts contain other passages that
> contradict the
> Ethic of Reciprocity. The Christian Bible is one example. It
> contains sections
> which promote both religious tolerance and religious intolerance. In
> it advocates genocide against other tribes, extermination of people
> of other
> religions, and murder of individuals with minority sexual
> orientations. It
> condones slavery and, in places, promotes an inferior status for
> A.S. LaVey, "The Nine Satanic Statements," in The Satanic Bible,
> Avon Books
> (1969), Page 25.
> Rev. Matt Hale, "The World to Come," The Struggle, Issue XXVIII.
> Online at:
> The English text of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is at:
> The text is available in other languages is at:
> Copyright �1995 to 2000 incl. by Ontario Consultants on Religious
> Latest update: 2000-JUL-14
> Author: B.A. Robinson
> Go to the previous page or return to the Religious Information
> menu, or
> WE ARE ALL ONE.
Wife to Savoeun--21 years! Mom to somebody as yet unknown; student (of
life & college), Theravada Buddhist, CaoDai (religious peace & unity)
volunteer, Khmer cultural supporter, at-home computer slave, doglover,
maid, chef and chief bottlewasher at the residence variously referred to
as: P.O.Box 694, Keithville, Louisiana 71047-0694, SOLDR1111@...
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