Oct 17View Source
Mike- I’ll send along my paper from decades ago that showed antimicrobial effects of representative mandibular gland secretions of bees. What was needed then and still needed now is quantification of chemicals in the nest cell atmosphere to relate to concentrations needed to inhibit growth of known pathogens of bees. As they say ”the dose is the toxin”. That becomes much easier today with SPME sampling technologies. I think you will also find much more literature looking for individual components, at least of conifer resins (e.g. alpha-pinene) or the tree disease literature.
James H. Cane
USDA-ARS Pollinating Insect Research Unit
Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322 USA
tel: 435-797-3879 FAX: 435-797-0461
web page: www.ars.usda.gov/npa/beelab
Gardening for Bees: http://extension.usu.edu/files/publications/factsheet/plants-pollinators09.pdf
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