Subject: The creation and killing of Osama bin Ladenb
Date: Wed, 4 May 2011 08:21:42 +0530
The armed forces of USA have succeeded in killing Osama bin Laden but it may be interesting to know who created Osama.
The creation called Osama
By Shamsul Islam
Published in 'The Hindu' (India) September
THE UNPRECEDENTED deaths and destruction in two cities of the U.S. on
September 11 has stirred the conscience of the world. It was the most lethal,
ruthless and daring terrorist strike on the nerve centre of the world's most
powerful nation today. The U.S., which promises to guarantee security to the
world, was found wanting in checking the terrorist strikes at home or more than
40 minutes when the terrorists had the free run of its major airports,
highjacking not one or two but four domestic planes to be used as flying bombs.
It did not take long for the U.S.
establishment to identify the culprits who masterminded these terrorist acts.
These were the `evil' forces of `Islamic terrorism' led by Osama bin Laden. The
media went on to explain these terrorist attacks in the context of the `clash
of civilisations' thesis of Samuel Huntington. There were urgent calls for
"forming a global alliance that will use all tools - diplomatic,
political, economic, educational, investigative, and where appropriate, force -
to pursue and root out the terrorist criminals and their supporters...''
But it is really surprising that the U.S., mecca of information
technology with its super computers and all kinds of data bases, should be so
greatly short of memory about Osama bin Laden. The media in the U.S. these days
is full of biographical sketches of Osama bin Laden in which he appears on the
world scene in 1990 opposing the Gulf War and then is shown growing into an
anti-West monster, finally, targeting the U.S. on `Black Tuesday'.
However, it may be news to many ears that Osama's journey as a terrorist did
not start in 1990-1991. Any honest biographical description of Osama should not
overlook his activities in the 1980s when he was deputed by the CIA to Afghanistan to
finance and oversee the resistance to the Soviets. He was groomed as a
theocratic-terrorist by the U.S.
openly. In fact, there is lot of weight in the thesis that the modern
Jehadi-Islam is a byproduct of intrigues by the West to keep the Islamic world
under its suzerainty, devoid of any kind of democratic processes. And also to
use it as a whipping boy occasionally whenever attention needs to be diverted
from issues raised by anti-globalisation campaigners.
The Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA), which has
a long tradition of opposing the Taliban regime and paying for it with blood,
raised this issue in its September 14 press statement. While condemning the
terrorist attack, the statement went on to underline the fact that "the
people of Afghanistan
have nothing to do with Osama and his accomplices. But unfortunately we must
say that it was the Government of the United States who supported
Pakistani dictator Gen. Zia-ul-Haq in creating thousands of religious schools
from which the germs of Taliban emerged. In the similar way, as is clear to
all, Osama has been the blue-eyed boy of the CIA''.
How the U.S. and the CIA created Osama and his network has been
well-documented in the book "Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and
Fundamentalism in Central Asia'' by Ahmed Rashid who is the Pakistan,
Afghanistan and Central Asia correspondent for the Far Eastern Economic Review
and The Daily Telegraph of London. This book which has been published by the
Yale University Press clearly shows who in reality created Osama. Ahmed Rashid
in his superb expose is able to present the factual linkages between the U.S. and the
`monster' which it created. Some of the excerpts are too revealing too be
In 1986, CIA chief William Casey had stepped up the war against the Soviet Union by taking three significant, but at that time
highly secret, measures. He had persuaded the U.S. Congress to provide the
Mujaheddin with American-made Stinger anti-aircraft missiles to shoot down
Soviet planes and provide U.S.
advisers to train the guerrillas. The CIA, Britain's
MI6 and the ISI (Pakistan's
Inter-Services Intelligence) also agreed on a provocative plan to launch
guerrilla attacks into the Soviet Socialist Republics
of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, the soft Muslim underbelly of the
Soviet state from where Soviet troops in Afghanistan received their
supplies. Casey was delighted with the news, and on his next secret trip to Pakistan he crossed the border into Afghanistan
with President Zia to review the Mujaheddin groups.
"Thirdly, Casey committed CIA support to a long-standing ISI initiative
to recruit radical Muslims from around the world to come to Pakistan and
fight with the Afghan Mujaheddin. Washington
wanted to demonstrate that the entire Muslim world was fighting the Soviet Union alongside the Afghans and their American
The book also goes on to show in graphic detail how harmless madrassas were
turned into factories for breeding religious guerillas. "... between 1982
and 1992, some 35,000 Muslim radicals from 43 Islamic countries in the Middle
East, North and East Africa, Central Asia and the Far East would pass their
baptism under fire with the Afghan Mujaheddin. Tens of thousands more foreign
Muslim radicals came to study in the hundreds of new madrassas that Zia's
military government began to fund in Pakistan and along the Afghan
border. Eventually more than 100,000 Muslim radicals were to have direct
contact with Pakistan and Afghanistan and
be influenced by the jihad...
"In camps near Peshawar and in Afghanistan,
these radicals met each other for the first time and studied, trained and
fought together. It was the first opportunity for most of them to learn about
Islamic movements in other countries, and they forged tactical and ideological
links that would serve them well in the future. The camps became virtual universities
for future Islamic radicalism''.Interesting details of Osama's recruitment by
the CIA for jehad in Afghanistan
are also available in this book. "Among these thousands of foreign
recruits was a young Saudi student, Osama Bin Laden, the son of a Yemeni
construction magnate, Mohammed Bin Laden, who was a close friend of the late
King Faisal and whose company had become fabulously wealthy on the contracts to
renovate and expand the Holy Mosques of Mecca and Medina. The ISI had long wanted Prince Turki
Bin Faisal, the head of Istakhbarat, the Saudi Intelligence Service, to provide
a Royal Prince to lead the Saudi contingent in order to show Muslims the
commitment of the Royal Family to the jehad. Only poorer Saudis, students, taxi
drivers and Bedouin tribesmen had so far arrived to fight. But no pampered
Saudi prince was ready to rough it out in the Afghan mountains. Bin Laden,
although not a royal, was close enough to the royals and certainly wealthy
enough to lead the Saudi contingent so when Bin Laden decided to join up, his
family responded enthusiastically.
He first traveled to Peshawar in 1980 and met
the Mujaheddin leaders, returning frequently with Saudi donations for the cause
until 1982, when he decided to settle in Peshawar.
In 1986, he helped build the Khost tunnel complex, which the CIA was funding as
a major arms storage depot, training facility and medical center for the
Mujaheddin, deep under the mountains close to the Pakistan border.''
The book also demolishes the CIA claim that after 1990 there were no
contacts with Osama. Surprisingly, just a few weeks before the U.S. Embassy
bombings in Africa, the book tells us,
"the Saudi conundrum was even worse. In July 1998 Prince Turki had visited
Kandahar and a few weeks later 400 new pick-up trucks arrived in Kandahar for
the Taliban, still bearing their Dubai license plates''.
This all shows that any meaningful fight back against world terrorism today
will have to begin from the backyard of the U.S.
(The writer is Reader, Department of Political Science, Satyawati College,
University of Delhi.)
Original URL http://www.hinduonnet.com/stories/05272524.htm