I'm very interest in your ideas for Smart Growth.
I would argue that you do not need subsidies to achieve this.
Have you considered land value taxation?
I attach three papers I've written.
Please don't hesitate to contact me if you need any further info' or wish to
discuss by e-mail.
This article appeared in yesterday's Guardian Unlimited website:
Transport for London
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From: Todd Alexander Litman [mailto:litman@...
Sent: 14 March 2003 17:41
Subject: [WorldTransport] VTPI News - Winter 2003
Victoria Transport Policy Institute
"Efficiency - Equity - Clarity"
Winter 2003 Vol. 6, No. 1
The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is an independent research
organization dedicated to developing innovative solutions to transportation
problems. The VTPI website (http://www.vtpi.org)
has many resources
addressing a wide range of transport planning and policy issues. VTPI also
provides consulting services.
TRANSPORTATION COST AND BENEFIT ANALYSIS GUIDEBOOK
VTPI continues to update the Online edition of "Transportation Cost And
Benefit Analysis: Techniques, Estimates And Implications"
. This free guidebook provides comprehensive
information on transportation economic impacts for use in planning and
policy analysis. We have also updated the Cost Analysis Spreadsheet that
automates costing calculations and allows values to be easily modified to
reflect a particular situation or analysis perspective.
VTPI ONLINE TDM ENCYCLOPEDIA - UPDATES
The VTPI "Online TDM Encyclopedia" (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm)
is the most
comprehensive resource available anywhere to help identify and evaluate
innovative solutions to transport problems. It has dozens of chapters with
hundreds of pages of text and thousands of Internet links, providing
convenient information for Transportation Demand Management (TDM) planning,
evaluation and implementation. We have been busy expanding and updating the
Encyclopedia. Below are highlights.
* Fuel Tax Increases (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm17.htm)
- This chapter
discusses various justifications for increasing fuel taxes and the impacts
this has on fuel consumption and vehicle travel.
* TDM Marketing (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm23.htm)
- This chapter
discusses how to implement marketing and promotion campaigns, and the
effect they can have on travel behavior. Includes several examples.
* Smart Growth (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm38.htm)
- This chapter discusses
Smart Growth land use policies, their benefits and costs, and their impacts
on mobility and accessibility.
* Measuring Transportation (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm55.htm)
chapter discusses various ways of measuring transportation activities and
conditions, and how different quantification methods affect transport
* Emission Reduction Strategies (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm59.htm)
chapter describes and evaluates various strategies for reducing transport
energy consumption and pollution emissions. Also see the revised report
"Efficient Vehicles Versus Efficient Transportation"
, which compares the total benefits and costs
of strategies that increase vehicle fuel efficiency with mobility
* Sustainable Transportation and TDM (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm67.htm)
This chapter discusses sustainability and the role TDM can play in creating
more sustainable transport systems. Sustainability is a planning
perspective that accounts for economic, social and environmental impacts,
including those that are indirect and difficult to measure.
* Smart Growth Policy Reforms (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm95.htm)
chapter describes various planning, regulatory and fiscal reforms that help
create more efficient land use. These reforms correct current practices
that encourage lower-density, urban periphery, automobile-dependent
* Health and Fitness (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm102.htm)
- This chapter
discusses the potential of improving public health and fitness through more
active transportation, including walking, cycling, running and skating.
Transportation and land use policies that result in even modest increases
in aerobic exercise could provide significant health benefits. Many TDM
strategies increase active transportation by improving nonmotorized travel
conditions, creating land use patterns more suitable for nonmotorized
travel, and by encouraging shifts from driving to nonmotorized travel.
* Managing Nonmotorized Facilities (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm108.htm)
This chapter describes best practices for managing nonmotorized facilities
such as walkways, sidewalks and paths. It provides guidelines for sharing
such facilities among different types of users, public education and
enforcement programs, and facility maintenance standards.
* Wit and Humor (http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm94.htm)
- This chapter adds a
little fun by linking to jokes and witty quotes scattered around the
NEW AND UPDATED REPORTS
The following documents are posted at the VTPI website.
"Economic Value of Walkability"
. This paper, presented at the
Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting, received the Pedestrian
Committee's 2003 Outstanding Paper Award. It uses standard economic
evaluation methods to investigate the value of walking (the activity) and
walkability (the quality of walking conditions). It indicates that current
transport planning practices tend to undervalue walking. More comprehensive
analysis techniques are likely to justify increased support for walking.
"Sustainable Transportation Indicators" (http://www.vtpi.org/sus-indx.pdf)
This revised paper describes various sustainable transportation performance
indicators, including a proposed set that accounts for various economic,
social and environmental impacts.
PAYDAYS Insurance Pricing
Pay-As-You-Drive-And-You-Save (PAYDAYS) is a new insurance pricing concept
that directly links vehicle insurance premiums to the amount a vehicle is
driven by giving motorists a rebate based on annual mileage: the less you
drive the larger your rebate. A coalition of national organizations
including Environmental Defense, the Conservation Law Foundation, Oregon
Environmental Council, King County Metro, Northwest Environment Watch,
Sierra Club, Natural Resources Defense Council, Surface Transportation
Policy Project, Clean Air and Transportation, Inc., and the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency is working with a private insurance broker
to develop this concept. At least one major insurance company has already
submitted a proposal to provide insurance services to the coalition, based
on the PAYDAYS concept. We hope to have a specific program ready by this
A workshop will be held for interested parties on Thursday, March 20, 2003
at Environmental Defense's Washington DC office. For information on this
event contact Tracy Freuder, tfreuder@...
VTPI is working on this and other efforts to develop Pay-As-You-Drive
vehicle insurance. For more information see:
Environmental Defense PAYD Insurance Program
The Oregon Environmental Council's PAYD campaign
Transportation and Social Exclusion
VTPI Director Todd Litman will present a paper titled "Social Inclusion As
A Transport Planning Issue in Canada" at a seminar on social exclusion and
transportation at the University of Westminster in London, April 3-4.
Representatives from each of the G-7 countries will present findings. This
is the first phase of a major research project sponsored by the Federation
Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA).
Social exclusion refers to constraints that prevent people from
participating adequately in society, including education, employment,
public services and activities (http://www.socialexclusionunit.gov.uk)
term social exclusion is not widely used in North America, but most
transport officials are concerned with providing basic mobility to
disadvantaged groups. A wide range of transport and land use policies and
programs can help improve social inclusion, many of which are often
overlooked as possible solutions to this problem. Further research is
needed to better evaluate the problem and potential solutions.
Vancouver Region Mobility Management
VTPI is providing support for an Environment Canada sponsored project to
evaluate the role that mobility management strategies can play to help
achieve sustainable transportation objectives. We have recently completed a
draft report that identifies potential mobility management strategies,
evaluates their potential impacts on regional sustainability, discusses
their current status, and what can be done to help implement them in the
region. Draft reports are available at the URL below.
Summary Report: http://www.vtpi.org/mm_sum.pdf
Full Report: http://www.vtpi.org/mm_rpt.pdf
We appreciate feedback on these reports and are organizing a
multi-stakeholder technical workshop to be held April 24 in Vancouver. For
more information contact Todd Litman (litman@...
Federal Policies to Support Active Transportation
VTPI is working with the organization "Go For Green"
to produce a background paper that identifies
ways to incorporate public health objectives into transport planning, and
recommends specific federal policies to encourage more physically active
transportation (walking, cycling, skating, etc.). For information on this
issue see our paper "If Health Matters" (http://www.vtpi.org/health.pdf)
Walk21 Conference (http://www.walk21.com)
Walk21 IV: Health, Equity & Environment, the 4th International Conference
on Walking in the 21st Century, will be held in Portland, Oregon, 1-3 May
2003. The conference will focus on rethinking the context and perfecting
the tools for a more walkable world. Advocates, practitioners, academics
and policy makers interested in walkability are encouraged to attend.
Urban Street Symposium - "Uptown, Downtown, or Small Town: Designing Urban
Streets that Work" and Smart Growth Debate,
The 2nd Urban Street Symposium will be held July 28-30, 2003 in Anaheim,
California. This symposium provides a forum for evaluating alternative
urban street design practices, including problems caused by current design
practices and potential alternatives; reexamining long-held urban street
design practices in light of the "new urbanism" movement; identifying
better urban street design practices; sharing experience and innovations;
with case studies and workshops on "how to do it".
This symposium will close with a debate titled "Smart Growth Pro or Con"
between Todd Litman, VTPI Executive Director, and Wendell Cox, a critic of
smart growth and mobility management.
Sponsors include the Transportation Research Board, Institute of
Transportation Engineers, ITE Traffic Engineer Council, the American
Society of Civil Engineers, the Federal Highway Administration and the US
Quebec Income tax deduction for transit passes
Feliciatations a nous tous!
After years of lobbying by a diverse coalition of supporters, the Quebec
provincial government recently approved an income tax deduction for transit
pass users, worth about $120 per year in income tax reduction. Proponents
hope that this will help lead to similar deductions by the Canadian federal
government and other provinces. The U.S. has had such a deduction for
several years, which has increased transit ridership in many markets.
For more information on this issue see:
IBI, "Tax Exempt Status For Employer-Provided Transit Benefits,"
Transportation Issue Table, National Climate Change Process and Transport
The Commuter Choice Program (http://www.commuterchoice.com)
information on Commute Trip Reduction programs and benefits, particularly
U.S. income tax policies related to commuter benefits.
"This View of Density" (http://www.sflcv.org/density)
by the San Francisco
League of Conservation Voters is a new website that illustrates different
types of land use patterns, predicts their impacts on land consumption and
travel behavior (using an automated calculator), and discusses various
issues related to new urbanist development.
"Transport Geography on the Web" (http://www.people.hofstra.edu/geotrans)
provides excellent information on transport geography, including academic
articles, maps, figures, and datatsets. VTPI has contributed material for
chapters 6 (Urban Transportation) and 9 (Transport Planning and Policies)
of this website.
Please let us know if you have comments or questions about any information
in this newsletter, or if you would like to be removed from our mailing
list. And please pass this newsletter on to others who may find it useful.
NOTE: Please use our current email address (litman@...
), rather than litman@...
, which will be
discontinued in the future.
Todd Litman, Director
Victoria Transport Policy Institute
"Efficiency - Equity - Clarity"
1250 Rudlin Street
Victoria, BC, V8V 3R7, Canada
Phone & Fax: 250-360-1560
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