SHARPSBURG - No pained cries will hang over Antietam National
Battlefield on the anniversary of its bloodiest day. No men in
wool uniforms will walk its ground, no tents will be pitched upon
it and no orders will be shouted over it.
On the 140th anniversary of the Battle of Antietam, history will
linger over its quiet fields while the battle plays out elsewhere.
As more than 13,000 re-enactors recreate the battle 11 miles away
on property along Rench Road, the national park itself refuses to
be forgotten in the gunfire.
"This is where it happened," said John Howard, superintendent of
The battlefield will host its own schedule of events from hikes
and lectures to artillery demonstrations and discussions during
the Sept. 13-15 re-enactment weekend.
The park's list of activities brings the battle to the visitor
with "real-time" hikes, where rangers walk tourists on the real
fighting grounds during the actual times of combat.
He said the park supports the re-enactment, but spectators will
only see a slice of what really occurred 140 years ago when
140,000 men fought Sept. 17, 1862.
Howard said 23,110 soldiers gave their lives or were wounded on
"This is a national event," he said. "People will travel from all
over the country and world to see this."
Howard said there is a great interest from Europe and Japan, from
which large study groups have come before to soak up the local
He said there are also certain states - Texas, Connecticut and
Ohio - that have a high interest due to the number of troops from
those areas that fought and died that day.
"They have a deep affection for it," he said.
Texans played a major role in the battle fought in The Cornfield,
where many lives were lost. As a result, 260 Texans, many for the
first time, have planned a visit to get a better grasp of the
A group of people from Connecticut plans to come and rededicate a
bronze plaque in honor of Gen. Joseph Mansfield.
A group from Ohio, also well represented in battle, plans to come
and read from related soldiers' notes who were killed that day, he
Howard said he expects about 35,000 people a day to travel through
the park's visitor's center during the re-enactment weekend, based
on the 135th anniversary numbers.
He plans to staff about 30 rangers, both law enforcement and
interpretive, during the anniversary, which is about 20 more
rangers than work on a normal day, he said.
As many as 600 people may be included in a hike and 300 cars may
be on a tour at any given time during the span of the anniversary,
"We just deal with the groups as they come," he said.
Battlefield events begin Monday with artillery demonstrations and
will begin to slow down Sept. 18.
"This is not just a weekend event," Howard said.
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