The chief oddity is that Tertullian seems
to accept the Latin version which leads to
the Marcionite standpoint (the deity of that world).
What he does in reply is simply to assert (rightly) that the sentence
should be construed with "of that era" taken with what
follows rather than what precedes.
What T "should have done" is to cite the Greek
that we have for Lk. 20.35 where the verb is passive
and there is no direct mention of God.
Or else if he had an early copy of one of the
other Latin versions with a similar reading he could
have cited them as the "correct" text. But he did not
do either of these.
So either T was citing loosely, or there is a deeper
problem with the text of Lk 20.35. For the former option
see the footnote from a thesis cited below, especially the
concluding line. For the latter see the debate about
gnostic and ascetic views based on Lk.20.35 cited by Sullivan
in Paradise Now.
-----------footnote from Doyle's thesis (on web)---------
THE CONCEPT AND PRACTICE OF PRAYER IN TERTULLIAN'S DE ORATIONE
AND ORIGEN'S PERI EUCHES, 2000, p.12 n4)
Paul and France Monceaux note that Tertullian cites works differently
in different genres of writings. In his apologetic writings,
Tertullian seems to cite from memory. In his theological or polemical
writings he appears to refer more precisely to the text. In his
writings that have the flavour of commentary, he looks as though he
has the text before him. The Monceaux also indicate that Tertullian
would be more apt to use the Greek text of the Bible when discussing
issues in the Carthaginian church. See Paul and France Monceaux,
Tertullien et les origines, Tome 1. Histoire littéraire de 1' Afrique
chrétienne depuis les origines jusqu'a l'invasion arabe. (Paris: E.
Leroux, 190 1 ), 109- 1 1 1. Johannes Quasten refers to the work of J.
Quispel who concludes that in Tertullian's Adversus Marcionem, "the
biblical quotations, whether Marcionite or Catholic, were turned by
Tertullian himself and do not depend on some previously existing
versions." See Johannes Quasten, Patrologv. Volume 2. The Ante-Nicene
Literature after Irenaeus. (Allen, Texas: Christian Classics, 1983),
275. O'Malley supports such a view when he writes, "[Tertullian's]
very numerous citations of, and allusions to the scriptures show a
great freedom and variety." (p. 2)
David Mealand, University of Edinburgh
The University of Edinburgh is a charitable body, registered in
Scotland, with registration number SC005336.