My apologies for not sending out text yesterday. I'm still playing catch-up.
All opinions my own
An example of people from Turiec creating small, concentrated ethnic minorities abroad is the Warsaw store of the Orsza'gh brothers, established in 1878 and employing 150, 95% of whom came from the Turiec region. The quality of goods sold by such Slovak traders varied.
For example, the above-mentioned store bought goods from European cities and factories in Austria, France, and Great Britain that produced consumer goods, mainly textile, chemical, and metal products, which supplied Russia and China [it's not clear from the translated text if the store supplied these goods to R & C, or if the factories made these goods specifically to be sold in R & C]. The store in Warsaw was not only an important economic center for the herbal-oil men, but a cultural and social one as well.
Herbal-oil men in Turiec played a significant role in the economic, cultural, and social development of the region. The herbal-oil men's income not only supplied direct investments for assets-land and new houses, but also affected the development of finance in this region. Herbal-oil men established savings banks, were the main shareholders of important joint-stock companies, and became the financial authorities of the industry.
As in other countries, close contacts with the Russian Empire and its population influenced such things as the herbal-oil men's knowledge of another language and of Russian literature. Some of the herbal-oil men even settled in Russia, but the majority of them returned after the revolution, when their stores were nationalized. Herbal-oil men/saffron men with smaller businesses had already returned before the outbreak of World War I.(13)
[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]