Slovakia was exceptional for the various types of lace that it produced. Production was widespread throughout Slovakia, but was most highly developed in western Slovakia, the home of regional types based in Nove' Mesto nad Va'hom, S~oporn~a, Slovensky' Grob, Hlboke', Krajne', Pies~t'any, and Jels~ovce. The regional types of laces were made using small stick-like bobbins < http://www.dholmes.com/pics/palickovanie-process-a.jpg
>, not only in these towns, but also in many other areas, to where production also spread while retaining the original characteristics.
Lace making in the mining regions of central Slovakia (Stare' Hory, S~pania Dolina, Hodrus~a) and eastern Slovakia (Sol'na' Ban~a) played an important role in Slovakia's cultural contacts abroad. These mining region laces were sold by traveling merchants/lace makers all over Europe, including the Balkans, which were also a market for products from the comb makers of Radvan~, the cutlers [knife makers] of Slovenska' L'upc~a, and other artisans.
Leather working developed in such a way that each type of leather had its own dominant center, from which it was exported to European marketplaces. The heavy cow hide and pigskin used for straps and soles were mainly processed in Liptovsky' Mikula's~, light types of leather (ircha [chamois]) in Brezova' pod Bradlom, cordovan in Banska' Bystrica, safian in Ratkova', a special kind of red suede (rajc~ovina) in Rajec, and juchta, which spread to Slovakia from Russia in the 19th century, in Vel'ky' S~aris~.(8)
All opinions my own
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