St. Mary is mentioned on 16 occasions in the New Testament. On most
occasions she plays prominent part and at other times name is simply
1. Annunciation accounts, Angel announces divine conception, and
Mary seeks clarification and submits to God's will, Luke 1:26-26.
2. Mary betrothed to Joseph, Mt 1:18-25.
3. Mary visits Elizabeth, her kinswoman and mother of John the
Baptist who is filled with Holy Ghost, Magnificat, etc
4. Journey to Bethlehem, rejection in the inn, Jesus' birth, the
manger, shepherds worship and heavenly hosts worship, etc,
5. Jesus brought in the temple for purification, circumcision
Mayaltho), Simon's prophesy, the prophetess Hanna etc,
Luke 2: 22-39.
6. Wise men's visit from the East, Mat 2:11.
7. Flight to Egypt, Mt 2: 14.
8. Return from Egypt, at Galilee, Mat 2: 21-24.
9. Jesus at the temple, Lk 2: 41-52.
10.Mary thought about what she heard of infant Jesus, Lk 2: 19, 51.
11.People of Galilee identified her as mother of Jesus and alleged
that James, Joses, Simon, Judas were brothers and sisters of
Jesus, Mat 13:55-56, Mk 6:3, Jn 6:42.
12.Reached Jesus while He spoke to multitude, Mt 12: 47,
Mk 3:31-35, Lk 8:19-24.
13.The first miracle performed at the marriage feast at Cana at
the request of Mary, Jn 2: 1-5.
14.Goes to Capernahum with Jesus, Jn 2:12.
15.Present at Jesus' death, Jn 19:25-27.
16.Seen with disciples, AA 1:14.
Jesus was compassionate to his mother. Even while suffering death
pangs on the Cross He fulfilled a loving son's duty. Pointing to
disciple John, He said to mother, "behold thy son," and to the
disciple He said, "behold your mother," and from that moment that
disciple John took her to his own home, John 19: 26-27. He created
new relationship of mother and child between Mary and the disciple.
She has become mother not only to one disciple but also to the entire
Christians of all ages. Ancient Churches believe and teach, as we
have seen above, that Mary is ever virgin and mother of God
(Theotokos or God bearer) because her son Jesus is God and had no
other children. Joseph had predeceased; thus practically there was no
immediate kindred to take care of St. Mary in the absence of Jesus.
Had she other children as Protestants teach there was no need for
Jesus to comment her to a disciple who was not blood-related. They
heavily rely on the assumption that His brethren did not believe in
Him as said in John 7:5 and completely ignore John 2:12 where it
says, His mother and brethren accompanied Him to Capernaum. How if
the brethren did not believe in Him they went with Him to Capernaum?
The disbelief of the brethren was because to them Jesus was not
moving swift enough to make Himself known in whole of Judia.
Synoptic gospels say that mother and brethren went desirous of
speaking to Jesus while He was speaking to multitude, (see 11, 12).
Thus belief or disbelief of brethren is not at all a cognizable
reason why Jesus would completely ignore and take upon Himself what
was the duty of His siblings, if any. Again, common sense cannot
grant that other brothers, if any, would allow one's mother to go and
live with an unrelated person just because a dying brother said so.
Alternatively, would a mother forsake and disregard her all others
sons, if any, let alone the sisters, and act only upon the words of a
dying son? Would a mother abandon her sons and daughters to live with
a mere acquaintance? Thus evidently, Jesus had no sibling. St. Mary
is then seen with the disciple at the gathering of 120, praying and
fasting as Jesus commanded them to do, (see 16). This amply affirms
that St. Mary spent rest of her life with the disciple and actively
involved in the formation and growth of infant Church of Jerusalem.
St. Ignatius of Antioch is said to have corresponded with her.
Yet another important point to bear in mind is, Mosaic Law poignantly
forbid children to curse or disobey parents. "Everyone that curses
his father or his mother shall be surely put to death: he has cursed
his father or mother; his blood shall be upon him," Lev 20:9, Prov
20:20. If death penalty was imposed for cursing father or mother how
a son could go scot-free if he neglected them when they need the help
most? Concept of family according to Jewish custom was entirely
different from that of our contemporary society. There were no old
age homes or nursing homes to dump the elderly. It was nonnegotiable
duty of every child to afford care for parents in their old age.
Dereliction was viewed seriously and usually no one would have risked
End of Part 3
To be continued....