--- In SLOVAK-ROOTS@y..., "lacer55" <Joeanna@l...> wrote:
> I have been researching my family in Plavec and I found my great
> great grandfathers birth in 1821. I have noticed that after his
> fathers surname of Kanyuch it has alias and another name. I see
> for a few other Kanyuch's also. Can anyone give me any hints as to
> what this implies? Thanks
In villages throughout Europe, where there were several or more
surname bearers with the same first names, a system of binames or
Today, in much the same way a married woman might hyphenate her
marrried and maiden names (Married-Maiden)
Usually a nickname, or alias was given the second surname bearer to
distinguish him from the first surname bearer.
The name left of hyphen was the original surname and one to right
was the alias.
Over time some binames became branch surnames.
Sometimes the names were reversed with the names exchanged from one
side to the other.
And sometimes the surname bearers were not related.
Some such names were recycled over following generations in a
In addition, some surname bearers used one surname when resident in
their village of origin and another surname when traveling away from
Binames (nicknames), or surnames were rare throughout Europe
(800-1250 A.D.), and most names recorded during this period bear only
a given name.
The few individuals recorded with a biname bear a patronymic, formed
from the father's first name.
Between 1250-1526 Christian and saint's names became the standard.
Binames or surnames included patronymics, but also the city of
origin or residence.
- those derived from the Christian name or profession of the father
Why the 1526 cutoff ?
This is the year that Croatia and Hungary fell to the Turks at the
Battle of Mohacs, Hungary.
The Hungarians ruled Slovakia for nearly a thousand years
(906 A.D.-1918 A.D)
Maly' Sulín (Slovak) Szulin (H) was established in 1600. It was
part of the property of his lordship Plavec^ * and his own Croatian nobilit=
y, who had established the neighboring village of Vel'ké Sulín (Sk) at the e=
nd of the 16th century.
Towns of Plavnica and Plavec^ were also part of the property of the
* Plavnica, Plavec^ and nearby Plavec^ castle (Plavec^sky' hrad)
The LDS-Mormons has filmed all the parish church records at six
of the seven regional Slovak State Archives in Slovakia.
The LDS-Mormons filmed the R.C. parish church records (1743-1895) for
Plavec^ nad Popradom (Sabinov), Slovakia; formerly Palocsa (H),
Sáros megye (county), Hungary.
Text in Latin, Hungarian, and Slovak.
These microfilm reels are available for rental and viewing at any
Family History Center (FHC) worldwide.
80% of patrons are non-Mormons doing surname research.
LDS - Mormon FHCs - LOCATIONS
In Slovak the matriky (parish church records)
Krstení = Baptisms (Christenings)
Sobás^ení = Marriages
Zomrelí = Deaths
In Hungarian the matriky are titled
Kereszteltek Anyakönyve = Baptism Records
Házasultak Anyakönyve = Marriage Records
Halottak Anyakönyve = Death Records
In Latin the matriky are titled matricula.
Matricula Baptisatorum = Baptism Records
Matricula Copulatorum = MarriageRecords
Matricula Defunctorum = Death Records
The surnames Kanuk, Kanyik, and Kanuch also appear in Slovakia.