Laurie, it may have been the younger George. I m not quite 50 yet but he could have been a few years older (boy, was it a shock to see that 50 , start toOct 1, 2010 1 of 48View SourceLaurie, it may have been the younger George. I'm not quite 50 yet but he could have been a few years older (boy, was it a shock to see that "50", start to think, "nah, he's too old too"... and then realize I'm almost there, lol! Yikes). This was at Sacred Heart University, which always gives it's mailing address as Fairfield but is really in Bpt. Poor Bpt - no one wants to be associated with it anymore!
--- In SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com, "lmkennyjr" <lmkennyjr@...> wrote:
> Debbie, Did you go to Univ. of Bridgeport? George Bepko (born 1925) was my great-uncle and my godfather. He died young (56) in 1981. He was the employee store manager at GE corp. headquarters in Fairfield. He was born in Bridgeport and later lived in Milford. If you are not that age, then maybe you went to school with his son, also George Bepko (50 yrs old).
> I know all the Bepko descendants from my great-grandparent - 12 children and over 250 grandchildren, greats, etc.
> It's the ancesters that came from and/or stayed in Slovakia I'm researching.
> If any one on this group is wondering what happened to any of the Bridgeport Bepkos, I should be able to help.
> --- In SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com, "deeellessbee" <deeellessbee@> wrote:
> > Laurie, I went to college with a George Bepko, in Bpt. Not sure exactly where he was from, but it must have been from the Greater Bpt area as at the time the university was a commuter school. Sorry I don't have any information on him - any connection, do you think?
> > Debbie
> > >
Thank you, Carolyn! Julie Michutka email@example.comFeb 21, 2011 48 of 48View SourceThank you, Carolyn!
On Feb 21, 2011, at 2:05 PM, nilo3rak wrote:
> Julie Michutka asked for my reference. I thought others may want
> this information, especially those with a propensity for legal
> Reference: EMIGRATION AND IMMIGRATION: LEGISLATION AND TREATIES
> Author: International Labour Office
> Publisher: Geneva, 1922
> Available online through the Internet Archive, digitizer/
> contributor: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
> This work is over 400 pages and deals only with measures, laws,
> regulations and treaties, of 76 countries adopted before January
> 1922. These countries are Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Australia,
> Austria, Belgium, the
> Bermudas, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia,
> the Belgian Congo, Corea, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curacao, Czechoslovakia,
> Denmark, Ecuador, Esthonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain
> and Ireland, Greece, Guatemaia, British Guiana, Dutch Guiana, Haiti,
> Honduras, Hungary, India, Netherlands Indies, Italy, Japan, Latvia,
> Liberia, Lichtenstein, Lithuania, Luxemburg, the Republic of San
> Marino, Morocco, Mexico, the Principality of Monaco, Mozambique,
> Netherlands, Newfound-land, New Zealand, Norway, Palestine, Panama,
> Paraguay, Persia, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Rhodesia. Roumania,
> Russia, Salvador, Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Siam,
> Spain, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanganyika, Tunis, Turkey,
> United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zanzibar.
> Happy reading!
> --- In SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com, "nilo3rak" <eirrac25@...> wrote:
>> In Hungary, two legislative acts prior to WWI address the
>> emigration of young women and children in general:
>> Order of 1869 concerning the emigration of women and girls and
>> Emigration Act of 18 February 1909.
>> (7) According to the Hungarian Act (1909), minors who
>> are under parental authority may emigrate without their father
>> only if they have authority in writing, stamped with the
>> official visa. Those who are under the care of a guardian must
>> have the formal permission of their guardian and of the
>> guardians' authorities. In either case they are not allowed to
>> emigrate unless it can be shown that their support is provided
>> for at the place to which they are going.
>> — 18 —
>> Women who are not yet of age and boys less than 16 years
>> of age may emigrate without their parents only if it can be
>> shown, apart from the conditions mentioned above, that they
>> are travelling to their destination with an adult person abso-
>> lutely worthy of confidence.
>> (3) In Hungary, in addition to the general provisions of
>> the Emigration Act of 1909, the instruction issued to all muni-
>> cipalities by the Minister of the Interior in 1869 requires them
>> to prevent" the journey of young girls or women to the East
>> for immoral purposes.
>> After WWI:
>> (5) According to the Czechoslovak Bill, minors not tra-
>> velling with their parents must be provided with the autho-
>> risation of the official Council of Guardians. This provision does
>> not apply to minors over 18 years of age going to a European
>> country. The Council of Guardians may, however, prohibit
>> the journey if it considers that the effects would be detrimental
>> to the morality or health of the person concerned. Women under
>> age and boys of less than 16 years of age may further emigrate
>> without their parents if accompanied to their final destination
>> by adults of over 24 years of age who are fully reliable.
>> (4) By Hungarian law, emigration is forbidden to parents
>> who leave children less than 16 years of age behind them with-
>> out having made arrangements for their welfare in the future,
>> and also to persons who have not made arrangements for
>> dependents incapable of working.
>> In addition there were several international conventions and
>> agreements prohibiting white slavery and prostitution. They are
>> too numerous to mention here. (Note that this problem exists
>> today. No amount of legislation or international agreements have
>> wiped it out. Immoral, illegal, but highly profitable much like
>> the drug trade.)
>> --- In SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com, "Michael Mojher" <mgmojher@>
>>> It looks like this subject needs some research. Most of the
>>> on single women of a young age emigrating to America has been
>>> "hearsay". We
>>> now have three real young women of 15 coming here alone. So we
>>> know it was
>>> done, but what were the rules and regulations?
>>> From: "William F Brna" <wfbrna@>
>>> Sent: Sunday, October 03, 2010 5:16 AM
>>> To: <SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com>
>>> Subject: Re: [S-R] Re: Castle near Hromos
>>>> My mother was 15 when she landed in Baltimore on December 23, 1906.
>>>> There is no indication that she was traveling with anyone,
>>>> though she
>>>> did have a sponsor (her aunt) in Cleveland.
>>>> Bill Brna
>>>> On Sat, 2 Oct 2010 19:58:05 -0700 "Michael Mojher" <mgmojher@>
>>>> In 1902/3 I would doubt that "Kata" at 15 came alone. There was a
>>>> about young women being 19 or older being allowed in. But then my
>>>> says her mother was 15 and came in during the same years. A
>>>> in Slovakia said that a legal paper showing a girl to be 19 was
>>>> many times. One the girl got to America she would mail it home for
>>>> someone else to use. Since I don't know the name on that document.
>>>> Because of that it will be impossible to find my grandmother's
>>>> entry into
>>>> the USA. Look at the original Ships Manifest and see if someone
>>>> from the
>>>> same place was listed by Kata. That could have been the person
>>>> that got
>>>> her into the USA.
>>>> Also during this period the shipping companies had agents all over
>>>> Europe. One of their duties was to guide the passengers to the
>>>> port they
>>>> were leaving from. They offered many helpful services. They were
>>>> virtually handed over to the agent who passed them on to the next
>>>> So getting to the port was not a problem.
>>>> The problem would have been raising enough money for the trip.
>>>> With that
>>>> nine month lapse between leaving Hromos and arriving John
>>>> presumes she
>>>> must have worked to raise the funds during those nine months. My
>>>> grandmother gave her earnings to her god-mother. When there was
>>>> god-mother arrived with the money and grandmother left the next
>>>> From: lmkennyjr
>>>> Sent: Friday, October 01, 2010 5:29 PM
>>>> To: SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com
>>>> Subject: [S-R] Re: Castle near Hromos
>>>> John, I'm new to this. I don't under stand your comment...
>>>> <One can only wonder how she paid for the transit. That might
>>>> explain the
>>>> length of time that passed.>
>>>> Is that because of her age (15) and travelling alone?
>>>> --- In SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com, "John" <johnqadam@> wrote:
>>>>>>>> John wondered about the info in the last column. It is Exr.
>>>> IX/16 Am or Immigrated 1902 September 16 to America. . . . She
>>>> came in
>>>> under the name Kata Hanzelka. Arrived May 6 1903. Age 15. So it
>>>> took her
>>>> 9 months from the time she left Plavec to get to America. She was
>>>> to Bridgeport (I call it little Hromos because so many immigrants
>>>> there) to join her Uncle Pal Hanzelko at 688 Pembrook (I believe
>>>> that is
>>>> correct). <<<
>>>>> Good work on the EI reference. I checked EI but could not pin
>>>>> down the
>>>> connection. >
>>>> [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
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