Where did you get your information that most houses had only one room? A
search on Slovak house architecture resulted in the following
For original folk architecture, the wooden three-room houses are the most
. . . true Slovak architecture. The houses reflect the needs of the Slovak
peasants in the last few centuries. They are very utilitarian and built to
withstand cold winters. The traditional layout is a long building with the
kitchen in the center. While they may look small these houses were
originally made to house multiple families - often 4 families lived in one
house. The kitchens are quite large however, as each family would have their
[Upper Saris and Northern Zemplin] The largest part is devoted to the
characteristic three-room house. (main chamber, parlor and storage room)
with subsequent addition of outbuildings (stable, barnyard sheds)."
...preserved two-room and three-room log houses that belong to the typical
buildings of the regional architecture in the northern part of the central
Slovakia. The three-room farming log house No. 15 was built in 1886."
website has a
beautiful picture of a typical sleeping room from the museum for Upper
Saris. Clearly no kitchen or pantry areas in this room. Another is found
from the Museum of Liptovska
village in Pribylina. This time the room looks arranged more like Hungarian
ones, with the bed piled high with bedding in the corner, and a corner
table, with benches around the sides. Again, no kitchen or pantry area in
The only exception I could find was the following: Although both areas of
the Boikian region [Ukraine] belong to the same general ethnic group,
certain differences can be noted in the southern region especially in
dialect and in housebuilding, the main type of house being a two-room
structure, consisting only of an entrance hall and the house proper.
Balassa and Ortutays ethnographic study of Hungary, which also includes
many references to Slovakia, again shows that nearly all peasant houses
consisted of three rooms--a center kitchen, with a dwelling room on one
side and pantry on the other. They also indicate that houses consisting
only of a single room were typical only very early (11th-13th centuries).
The same information is found in Fel and Hofers Proper Peasants, and
while this describes a Hungarian village, the basic architecture for the
entire Central European region seems quite similar.
From: Frank [mailto:frankur@...
Sent: Friday, August 06, 2004 6:45 AM
Subject: [S-R] Re: 1869 Hungarian census
--- In SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com, "mlthrush" <mlthrush@a...> wrote:
> I just received a copy of my family's entry in the 1869 Hungarian
> census. In the part that lists the number of rooms in the house the
> notation is 1=1 for szoba/sleeping room as well as Kamra/pantry and
> konyha/seperate kitchen. In the part for Other buildings the
> notation is simply 1 for felszer/storage shed, raktar/storage,
> akol/pen and csur/barn.
> Does anyone know what 1=1 would mean? Could this mean that there is
> only 1 room that is used for everything, sleeping,pantry and
> Mary Lou
As Bill Tarkulich asked what was your particular village ?
Typically, the main tally sheet lists the house number and the number
and types of rooms in the house.
Houses were numbered 1 to xxx ? This didn't mean that the houses
actually had a house number attached to them.
Most houses had only 1 room (szoba); a few had 3 rooms; occasionally
4 or 5 depending on size of village and wealth of owner.
A few houses had a closet or storage room (kamra) in the house, and an
Few houses had a separate kitchen (konyha).
Other structures might have been recorded too: another storage area
(kamra), a shed attached to the house (felszer), perhaps a shop (bolt)
used for a business(üzletre) etc.
If relevant a space for the number of stalls (istallo) for animals and
any feed storage area (csur).
A separate tally sheet for each house listed all of the animals that
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