Dan'l, Bob, Liste,
In the AWI, There was the Quarter Master General, the Commissary General of
Purchases, and the Commissary General of Subsistence. All these eventually
(long after the AWI) became the Quartermaster Corps. Each of these
"Generals" were regular officers who finally were of the rank of Major
General -- which persists to today. Under each chief, was a group (motley
at that) who were a mix of military and civilian Assistant Quarter Master
Generals, Deputy and assistant deputy Quarter Master Generals (this also
goes to included the Purchases and Subsistence Departments) Each state had
its Quarter Master General: in Virginia the rank was Lieutenant Colonel
(specifically Davies and later Claiborne). There was no organized Quarter
Master Corps of officers and troops, only the department chief located with
the main army. The Congress provided for a deputy Quarter Master General
for each separate military department (army) at the rank of colonel, and
deputy Quarter Masters General for each grand division of the army at
Lieutenant Colonel, and an assistant deputy for each brigade at the rank of
Captain. All had separate pay as Quarter Masters, from the standard pay for
their specific rank. Washington viewed all staff officers including quart
masters, except the Quarter Master General, as civilians who had no military
functions but were engaged in carrying out civilian duties in support of the
Continental Army. Erna Risch, Supplying Washington's Army, Center for
Military History, United States Army, (Washington DC, 1981) 37, 46-47.
As I mentioned a previous posting, within the Regiment, the Regimental
Quarter Master was a Lieutenant or Captain of a regiment, designated to be
the quarter master, with a Quarter Master Sergeant for an assistant
(normally selected for the ability to read, write, and cipher). In the
company, there was only a quarter master sergeant, being an assistant to the
Assistant Qtr Mstr Gen'l, Virginia
> From: Sullivan, Robert[SMTP:SULLIVAR@...]
> Sent: Tuesday, April 27, 1999 9:24AM
> To: 'Revlist@onelist.com'
> Subject: [Revlist] Re: Quartermasters
> From: "Sullivan, Robert" <SULLIVAR@...>
> > > Sent: Monday, April 26, 1999 12:05PM
> > > To: email@example.com
> > > Subject: [Revlist] Quartermasters
> > >
> > > From: Daniel & Jennifer Murphy <steepcreek@...>
> > >
> > > Howdy Folks,
> > > I was reading the personal account of Stephen Jarvis, a provincial
> > > veteran of both the Queen's Rangers and the South Carolina Royalists,
> > > repeatedly mentions the rank of a company, or troop, quartermaster and
> > > in fact serves at the post for a short period. As described the
> > > quartermaster's duties are to coordinate and oversee the troops supply
> > > and transport needs. This rank falls somewhere between that of an NCO
> > > and an officer. I have never run across the mention of a 'company
> > > grade' quartermaster in the american forces, only regimental
> > > quartermasters or commissary generals such as Greene for Washington
> > > Davie for Greene etc. My question is, was there a company grade
> > > quartermaster in the american dragoons or line infantry. If not who
> > > would perform those very necessary duties or how were they divided up?
> > > Also did american forces pronounce Lieutenant in the French 'loo' or
> > > British 'left' style?
> > > Thanks,
> > > Dan'l Murphy
> > > steepcreek@...
> > > 2nc
> Dear Dan'l and the List,
> I have a copy of an original Continental quartermaster's commission.
> The original was loaned to me for purposes of making the reproduction.
> Because it is worded as a commission and not a warrant, I would surmise
> the position is above a non-commissioned officer, but holds no military
> authority. In other words, a quartermaster could demand some measure of
> authority and privilege of rank, but would not be running over during a
> battle and saying "Don't worry sergeant, I 'll take over because I'm a
> I also have a copy of a British Commissary commission from the Seven
> Years War. Same kind of thing, I believe.
> Bob Sullivan
> Sullivan Press
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