The New Pali Course Part III (1950)
Prof. A. P. Buddhadatta Maha Nayaka Thera
Chapter IV Analysis of Sentences
(4) A phrase,
(5) A compound noun, or
(6) A clause connected by a relative pronoun.
Examples in order:-
(1) Balavaa puriso mahanta.m rukkha.m aaruhati.
YP: The powerful man climbs the big tree.
(2) Raajaa Ajaatasattu Vedehiiputto attano pitara.m Se.niya.m Bimbisaara.m jiivitaa voropesi.
YP: King Ajatasattu, son of Vedehii, deprived his father General Bimbisara of (his) life.
YP: According to DPPN, Vedehii means a wise woman.
(3) Gahapatino putto tassa go.ne pahari.
YP: The householder's son hit his oxen.
(4) Vihaara.m gato raajaa Pasenadi Kosalo dhamma.m desenta.m Bhagavanta.m passi.
YP: Gone to the monastery, King Pasenadi (of) Kosala watched the Blessed One preaching.
(5) Sabbaala`nkaara-patima.n.dito Kaali`ngo Cakkavattii Kelaasakuu.ta-pa.tibhaaga.m gajaratana.m aaruyha agamaasi.
YP: The completely ornament-decorated Kalinga sage-ruler ascended the elephant-jewel resembling the peak of Mount Kailash and went (away).
(6) (a) Attributive to the subject:
"Sukha.m supanti munayo
Ye itthiisu na bajjhare."
YP: "Sleep (in) bliss the sages
who have not been bound in women."
(b) to the object:
"Yo me ~naa.na.m pakittesi pasanno sena cetasaa,
Tam aha.m kittayissaami."
YP: "Whatever / to me / wisdom / proclaimed / clear / ??? / by the mind
that I shall relate."
YP: need help with 'sena'.
YP: see PED kitteti for kittayissaami.
The Predicate and its Extension
71. The Predicate is always a verb. It may be enlarged, extended, or modified by an adverb or any word or words equivalent to an adverb. Such extensions are called Adverbial Adjuncts.
The adverbial adjunct may be:-
* Feel free to try translating the Pali sentences below. *
(1) An adverb: "Sukha.m supanti munayo", or
(2) An adverbial phrase: Bhagavati Jetavane viharante bahuu deva-manussaa ta.m namassi.msu.