The Meaning of dhamma, no 8.
The Saddaniti mentions further on more meanings of dhamma. some of them have
been classified already and some of them not yet:
<Atha vaa dhammasaddo
And then the word dhamma means: scriptures, truth, concentration, wisdom,
nature, merit, disciplinary offense, that which can be known, and so on.
bahuusu atthesu di.t.thappayogo.
Its application is seen in many meanings.>
payoga (m): means, undertaking, practice.
di.t.tha: seen, understood.
The Saddaniti explains dhamma as scriptures:
<Tathaa hi "idha bhikkhu dhamma.m pariyaapu.naatii"ti-aadiisu pariyattiya.m
Thus, in a passage as ³Here a monk learns the dhamma thoroughly², the word
dhamma is to be seen as the scriptures. >
Words: tathaa: thus.
pariyaapu.naati: to master, learn thoroughly.
dissati: it seems, appears.
The Saddaniti explains dhamma as sacca, truth:
<"Di.t.thadhammo pattadhammo"ti-aadiisu sacce.
In such passages as ³The dhamma that is understood, the dhamma that is
realized², dhamma means truth. >
Word: patta : p.p. of paapu.nati: to attain.
The Commentary to the ³Muulapariyaayasutta², Discourse on the Synopsis of
Fundamentals, (M I, 1, translated by Ven. Bodhi as ³The root of Existence²,
B.P.S.), several meanings of dhamma are explained.
Sacca, truth is explained in a similar passage: <³He saw the Dhamma,
understood the Dhamma² (D. 13) -in the sense of the (four noble) Truths.>
The word dhamma as samaadhi, concentration is explained:
<"Eva.mdhammaa te bhagavanto ahesun"ti-aadiisu samaadhimhi.
In the passage of ³Those Exalted Ones were of such dhammas² dhamma refers to
This is said in the Commentary to the ³Muulapariyaayasutta², and here is a
reference to D. 13.
The Saddaniti explains dhamma as pa~n~naa, wisdom, in the same way as
above, classified under the four virtues of a householder:
<"Sacca.m dhammo dhiti caago"ti evamaadiisu pa~n~naaya.m.
In a passage such as ³truth, dhamma, courage and generosity² dhamma refers
The Saddaniti explains dhamma as nature (pakati):
<"Jaatidhammaana.m bhikkhave sattaanan"ti evamaadiisu pakatiya.m.
In such passages as ³Living beings, monks, are of a nature to be born²,
dhamma refers to nature.>
The Commentary to the ³Muulapariyaayasutta² states about dhamma as nature:
³Of a nature to be born, of a nature to grow old, of a nature to die² (D.