Howdy! Welcome to the 31st Edition of the Mad Cowboy Newsletter!
...and what an incredible New Year it's been already! Mad Cow Disease in
the United States..... TAs such, the Mad Cowboy has been incredibly busy
with interviews since 12/23/03, when BSE in a Holstein cow was announced by
the USDA. Even so, Howard's taken the time to write down his thoughts on
this predicted event as an exclusive, with his unique perspective on this
turn of events.
This is a SPECIAL ISSUE of our newsletter. Among other things, it is a
little over twice the normal size, so we hope our many new subscribers will
realize that usually the Newsletter is smaller. This issue is jam-packed
with Mad Cow articles and information. Normally, we try for a balance
between different topics, with some emphasis on one or more.
Moving forward, you'll find a ton of information about various aspects of
Mad Cow Disease, pertinent info on MC in the USA, BSE's history/chronology,
what happened in Japan and Canada (and how it relates the the U.S.), on the
somewhat confusing science behind BSE & co-topics, and facts & figures on
the Economics of it all (and how this has impacted the Politics). Plus,
there's a long list of links (Quick Bytes) on related writings and useful
Also in this edition, we've provided access to over 9000 online veg'n
recipes, in addition to links on veg'n nutrition, diet, and lifestyle.
Plus: don't miss the photo of the Mad Cowboy with a Mad Cow!
As always, a nod of the hat to our new subscribers. Y'all can read back
issues of the Newsletter at:
Next issue: pix of Howard being interviewed by the Tokyo Broadcasting
System, and more.
Finally, we wish everyone a happy (and healthier) New Year!
Stay warm and informed.... Mark Editor/Webmaster
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
00: EXCLUSIVE: Howard on "Mad Cow in the U.S.A."
01: The Vegan Mind-Bender Contest Winner/Challenge!
02: A Mad Cow Round-up of Articles and Information:
03: Brain Rewards, High Steaks, Come & Get It!, MC/Mad Cow
04: Toxic Salmon, Keep Walking, Vegan Food Bank, Animal Talk
05: Over 9000 Veg'n Recipes, +Nutrition & Resources Info
06: Mad Cow Resources & Quick Bytes
07: Howard's Schedule
08: Donations to the Mad Cowboy Documentary
09: Closing Thought(s)
*00: EXCLUSIVE: Howard on "Mad Cow in the U.S.A."
"In 1990, when I first started talking about mad cow disease, I never
thought that the USDA would risk the entire cattle industry to protect the
profits of a few corporations. It seemed common sense that we had to quit
feeding slaughter house waste to grass-eating animals. It is crazy to
continue a practice that is unnatural, dangerous and which consumers find
abhorrent. Every country dealing with the mad cow issue has learned that
there are two things essential to restore consumer confidence. You have to
quit feeding animals to your food animals and you must institute a wide
spread program of testing. When mad cow disease destroyed the cattle
industry in England it also caused the fall of the Tory Government. It was
plain that lying to the consumers was a bad choice.
North America acted like we were not part of the world and we could
continue to deal with the pending disaster with press releases and loud
In 2003 the bottom fell out for Canada when they confirmed their first
home-grown case of mad cow. They tried to assure a nervous importing
community that there was only one mad cow in their herd, but no one
believed them. Cattle prices dropped like a rock.
The United States treated our northern neighbor like an ugly step sister
and we banned their cattle and meat even though we were their biggest
customer. Millions of animals both live and dead, had crossed the border
in both directions, but we claimed that Canada had the problem and we were
as pure as the driven snow.
The US cattle industry jumped at the chance to take over the Canadian
export markets and we saw record prices for our cattle. We filled our
feedlots with the most expensive cattle in our history and continued to use
the same practices that caused mad cow in Canada. It is not hard to see we
were rushing down the same track as England and Canada and could expect to
suffer from the same train wreck.
On December 23rd the cow-that-spoiled-Christmas was reported to the world.
A Holstein dairy cow in the State of Washington proved what we professed
could never happen here - mad cow was in the US.
The USDA, FDA, National Cattlemen's Beef Association, and a host of shocked
meat flacks started to spew the preprogrammed party line that meat was safe
and this was the only mad cow in the United States. Within a matter of
hours our beef export market had disappeared. Country after country did to
us what we had done to Canada and other mad cow nations, they banned our
Cattle markets in the US disappeared and the future markets went limit down
without a single buyer. Containers of US meat on ships around the world
could not be landed at the dock and sold. The entire cattle industry was
changed over night because of the appearance of one mad cow.
The USDA has instituted some limited response to the disaster such as
banning the slaughter of downer animals from the human food system. This
was a response that was long overdue. A downer bill was defeated just
before Christmas in the House of Representatives by the Republican
leadership as a present to the big corporations who felt it was infringing
on their profit potential. When this action came to light after the mad
cow was discovered it was just too hot an issue and USDA banned downers
from the human food chain as a bone to satisfy unsettled consumers.
The solution to the problem of mad cow disease is fairly straightforward.
First quit feeding slaughter house waste to our food animals and second
test the slaughtered animals for the disease. Currrently, we have over 100
million head of cattle in the US and in the last thirteen years we have
only tested 57,000 animals for mad cow disease. France has 11 million
cattle in their herd and they test 66,000 each week. I believe in the US
we have had a "don't look, don't find" policy and up until the 23rd of
December, it worked.
If the cattle industry is to survive in the US we must start listening to
our customers both foreign and domestic. They are saying loud and clear
the product is not as safe as it should be and until it is, they do not
want to be called customers.
I'm a vegan and eat no animal products so for me there is no direct problem
but I have family and friends that continue to eat beef. Their future is a
great concern to me. I have many friends in the cattle business and I know
they are willing to correct the problem and they want to return to raising
animals as nature intended. I pray we solve this issue without filling the
graveyard with our friends and destroying the family farms and ranches that
helped build this nation. Treat this issue as if your life depended on it
because it just may."
--- Howard Lyman, 01/10/04
*01: The Vegan Mind-Bender Contest Winner/Challenge!
LAST WEEK'S MIND-BENDER:
"The United States uses more pesticides on this crop than any other. What
Congratulations to Rick Scarfe, of Elkton, MD. He won the luck of the draw
from those who correctly answered: "cotton."
[...cotton, when conventionally grown, is responsible for the use of nearly
$2.6 billion worth of pesticides annually-more than any other crop,
according to Pesticide Action Network North America. These include
organophosphate and carbamate pesticides, potent nervous-system toxins,
which sicken agricultural workers and contaminate the soil and ground
THIS WEEK'S MAD COWBOY VEGAN MIND-BENDER:
"People in the UK eat some 200,000 tons of this product every year, via
processed foods. What is it?"
Please e-mail guesses with the word "contest" in your subject line by NLT
[Many thanks to Joe Connelly, Editor, VegNews, who has offered a FREE
one-year subscription to a winner chosen at random those submitting the
correct answer to each MC Newsletter's Contest. Our thanks to Joe, and you
can learn more about VegNews at:
or e-mail: editor@...
or call 1.415.665.6397]
*02: A Mad Cow Round-up of Articles and Information
04/01/13: "1/5TH OF U.S. ADULTS SAY MAD COW WILL AFFECT EATING HABITS: One
in every five American adults (21%) say that fear of mad cow disease will
change their eating habits, according to results of a recent Wall Street
Journal Online/Harris Interactive Health-Care Poll. Most (78%) of these
people say that they would eat less beef while 16% of them indicate that
they will stop eating beef altogether."
04/01/10: "110 AT-RISK COWS LIKELY IN THE FOOD SUPPLY: At least 110 cows
considered at risk for mad cow disease have been slaughtered and most
likely entered the food chain for human consumption, federal agriculture
officials said yesterday. Those cows could have been exposed to the same
contaminated feed source as the infected Yakima County cow. Consumers
should not be alarmed, however, because there is little chance those cows
were also infected or that the meat poses a human health risk, agriculture
04/01/07: "DNA TESTS SHOW FIRST US MAD COW COMES FROM CANADA: The first cow
in the United States found to be infected with mad cow disease did come
from neighboring Canada, US agriculture officials said Tuesday, citing
genetic testing results."
04/01/06: "U.S. MAD COW SAFEGUARDS BELOW JAPAN STANDARD, MINISTER SAYS: The
U.S. safeguards are not up to the level of those (in Japan)," Agriculture
Minister Yoshiyuki Kamei told a news conference. Japan, which has
confirmed nine cases of mad cow disease since the brain-wasting illness was
first discovered in Japan in September 2001, tests all domestic cattle used
for consumption. Japan, the No.1 buyer of U.S. beef, suspended U.S. beef
imports immediately after the December 23 announcement of the first U.S.
case of mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy."
04/01/05: "U.S. AGRICULTURE OFFICIALS HAVE DECIDED TO KILL 450 CALVES: U.S.
agriculture officials have decided to kill 450 calves in a Washington state
herd that includes an offspring of the cow diagnosed with mad cow disease.
Ron DeHaven, the Agriculture Department's chief veterinarian, said Monday
that the month-old calves would be slaughtered this week at an undisclosed
facility that is not being used. USDA will not submit the calves' brains
for testing for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or mad cow disease,
because the illness does not usually show up in animals under 30 months of
age, DeHaven said."
04/01/02: "MAD POLICIES INFECT NATION'S BODY POLITIC: Perhaps the malady
should instead be called mad executive, mad bureaucrat, mad lobbyist, mad
cattleman or mad politician .... Their past opposition to increased
federal testing of slaughtered cattle, which would add a few cents per
pound to the cost of beef, certainly appears "mad" in retrospect. Having
pursued short-term interests, the industry and its friends in government
face potential losses in the billions of dollars from banned exports and
falling prices. Whether the cow in question came from Canada or the United
States will scarcely matter in an era of free trade and agricultural
globalization. What matters to the countries that have already banned
American beef imports -- and what should matter to American consumers as
well -- is how government responds to the crisis."
[Very edited from:
03/12/30: "U.S. BANS SICK 'DOWNER' CATTLE FOR MEAT: The Agriculture
Department dramatically upgraded the country's defenses against mad cow
disease Tuesday, banning meat from all so-called downer cows and promising
to create a nationwide animal tracking system, steps long advocated by
critics. These are "very aggressive actions," Agriculture Secretary Ann
Veneman said Tuesday, one week after the first case of mad cow disease
surfaced on U.S. soil in a Washington state Holstein slaughtered on Dec. 9.
The changes will produce more rapid testing of cattle for the presence of
mad cow disease, and meat will not be processed until test results are
[Very edited from:
03/12/30: "MAD COW USA: THE NIGHTMARE BEGINS: In March, 1996, when the
British government reversed itself after ten years of denial and announced
that young people were dying from the fatal dementia called variant CJD -
mad cow disease in humans - the United States media dutifully echoed
reassurances from government and livestock industry officials that all
necessary precautions had been take long ago to guard against the disease.
Those who did read "Mad Cow USA" when it was published in November, 1997,
however, realized that the United States assurances of safety were based on
public relations and public deception, not science or adequate regulatory
safeguards. We revealed that the United States Department of Agriculture
knew more than a decade ago that to prevent mad cow disease in America
would require a strict ban on "animal cannibalism," the feeding of rendered
slaughterhouse waste from cattle to cattle as protein and fat supplements,
but refused to support the ban because it would cost the meat industry
It was the livestock feed industry that led the effort in the early 1990s
to lobby into law the Texas food disparagement act, and when an uppity
Oprah hosted an April 1996, program featuring rancher-turned vegan activist
Howard Lyman, she and her guest became the first people sued for the crime
of sullying the good name of beef. Oprah eventually won her lawsuit, but it
cost her years of legal battling and millions of dollars. In reality, the
public lost, because mainstream media stopped covering the issue of mad cow
disease. As one TV network producer told me at the time, his orders were to
keep his network from being sued the way Oprah had been.""
[Very edited from the superb & comprehensive article at:
[Download a copy of "Mad Cow USA:"
03/12/29: "MAD COW: USDA URGED TO DEPLOY RAPID TEST: Critics charge the
USDA's system, because it tests so few animals, makes it unlikely more mad
cow cases will be detected. Concerns about the possible financial impact
on the U.S. beef industry is driving the USDA's reluctance to implement the
rapid test, said Howard Lyman, a former rancher turned vegetarian. "I
would bet everything I hold sacred if we went out and tested 5 million
mature and downer cattle (in the United States) we would find (more)
animals infected with (mad cow disease)," he told UPI. Both a former USDA
veterinarian and a current USDA veterinarian echoed Lyman's comments."
[Very edited from an excellent, detailed article at:
03/12/27: "PUBLIC LIKELY ATE SUSPECT COW MEAT: Northwest residents
probably have eaten meat from a Holstein with mad cow disease, agriculture
officials said Friday, as several grocery chains recalled specific kinds of
beef that could contain the cow's meat. Also Friday, a U.S. Department of
Agriculture spokesman said the sick cow's discovery was partly luck:
Another of the 20 cows being slaughtered at Vern's Moses Lake Meats on Dec.
9 was acting strangely, so inspectors sent tissue from all 20 cows for
testing, Daniel Puzo said. Those tests showed the disease instead affected
the Holstein, whose only notable injury came while giving birth. "It's very
ironic, actually," Puzo said."
03/12/27: "COW PARTS USED IN CANDLES, SOAPS RECALLED: Cow parts --
including hooves, bones, fat and innards -- are used in everything from
hand cream and antifreeze, to poultry feed and gardening soils. ...federal
inspectors are concentrating on byproducts from the tainted Holstein, which
might have gone to a half-dozen distributors in the Northwest, said Dalton
Hobbs, spokesman for the Oregon Department of Agriculture. ..."renderers,"
[take] what is left of the cow after it is slaughtered and boils it down
into tallow, used for candles, lubricants and soaps, and bone meal used in
fertilizer and animal feed."
[Very edited from:
03/12/26: "FIRST CASE SHAKES THE WORLD'S BIGGEST BEEF PRODUCER: Rocked by
the discovery of its first case of BSE and facing the collapse of its beef
markets, the United States government came under further fire from
scientists and agricultural experts yesterday. They said the lax oversight
of the powerful cattle industry had made the arrival of BSE a virtual
inevitability in the land of burgers and rib-eye steaks. A shaken country
reacted alternately with alarm, fear and defiance to the arrival of a
disease many had assumed was a strictly foreign phenomenon. In industry
circles, the Washington Holstein was quickly dubbed "the cow that stole
Stanley Prusiner, who won the 1997 Nobel Prize for Medicine for his work on
prions, the rogue proteins believed to be at the root of bovine spongiform
encephalopathy, said he had warned the Bush administration six weeks ago
that an outbreak of BSE in the world's biggest beef producer was "just a
matter of time". He told the New York Times that the administration had
been "wilfully blind" to the threat, and that there was no way of knowing
how widespread the problem was because so few animals were being tested."
[Very edited from:
03/12/26: "USDA WEIGHS MORE, FASTER MAD-COW TESTS: [USDA] officials
declined to say exactly what they would recommend, but they acknowledged
that European and Japanese regulators screen millions of animals using
tests that take only three hours -- fast enough to stop diseased carcasses
from being cut up for food. American inspectors have tested fewer than
30,000 of the roughly 300 million animals slaughtered in the last nine
years, and they get results days or weeks later. But the American system
was never intended to keep sick animals from reaching the public's
refrigerators, said Dr. Ron DeHaven, the Agriculture Department's chief
veterinarian. It is "a surveillance system, not a food-safety test," he
[Very edited from:
03/12/24: "LABORATORY BACKLOG DELAYED USDA TEST FOR MAD COW: A tissue
sample from a Washington state dairy cow sat in a federal laboratory for a
week before it was tested and diagnosed as mad cow disease because of a
backlog of samples, the U.S. Agriculture Department said on Wednesday. The
USDA defended the length of time it took to diagnose the disease. Despite
the existence of mad cow tests that take only a few hours, the USDA uses a
diagnostic test that can take as long as five days to complete."
[Very edited from:
04/01/06: "MAD COW IN CANADA & USA TIMELINE"
[Superb chronology summarizing 1992 to Jan. 6, 2004:
03/12/29: "CANADA, THE UNITED STATES AND JAPAN: WHAT'S THE BEEF? It was on
September 10, 2001, that mad cow disease began a crisis in the North
American beef industry. The Japanese Ministry of Agriculture said it
suspected that the Holstein cow had been eating contaminated feed imported
from Europe. Japan had banned feed from Europe earlier that year but by
then it was too late. "People in Japan stopped eating beef," Ernie Davis,
an economist and livestock marketing expert at Texas A&M University told
CBC.ca. "That's when U.S. exports crashed," dropping by about $400 million
US in less than a year."
[Edit from the fact-figure-filled article at:
03/11/04: "JAPAN KILLS BULL SUSPECTED OF MAD COW: Japan confirmed Tuesday
that a bull it killed last month did have mad cow disease. The
21-month-old Holstein tested positive on Oct. 29. This is the ninth mad
cow case for Japan since the illness was discovered in the country two
years ago and its second in less than a month. Japan was the first country
to find an infected cow outside of Europe."
03/10/07: "JAPAN FINDS POSSIBLE NEW TYPE OF MAD COW DISEASE: A Holstein
bull slaughtered was confirmed Monday to have been infected with mad cow
disease. The 23-month-old bull is the eighth case of the brain-wasting
illness found in Japan and is believed to be the world's youngest carrier
of the disease also known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy, according to
the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry. It also said the abnormal prions
found in the bull were of a different type from those of any of the mad cow
infection cases reported worldwide so far. Cows examined in Europe for the
disease are generally older than 24 months. The fact that the bull, which
was born after the first domestic case came to light, was confirmed as
having the disease indicates that there may be another route of
contamination, experts said.
[Very edited from:
03/12/29: "A CRISIS FOR BRITAIN"
[Great summary of BSE in Britain and Europe:
90/05/16: "GUMMER ENLISTS DAUGHTER IN BSE FIGHT: (retro-article): The
government has again attempted to reassure the public that British beef is
safe, despite growing fears over the cattle disease, Bovine Spongiform
Encephalopathy (BSE). The Minister of Agriculture, John Gummer, even
invited newspapers and camera crews to photograph him trying to feed a
beefburger to his four-year-old daughter, Cordelia, at an event in his
Suffolk constituency. Although his daughter refused the burger, he took a
large bite himself, saying it was "absolutely delicious".
2003 UPDATE: John Gummer's attention-grabbing photocall rebounded
dramatically when in 1996. The government was finally forced to admit there
was a link between BSE and the human form of the disease, new varient CJD.
The EU banned the export of British beef, and the cattle market collapsed
as selective culls were carried out of cattle at most risk. The photocall
became the single thing that is most remembered about John Gummer's
political career, and "doing a Gummer" has now passed into parliamentary
[Edited from (see the classic photo):
MAD COW CHRONOLOGY:
[Key Dates in the History of BSE:
04/01/12: "STUDIES QUIETLY RAISE QUESTIONS ABOUT THREAT TO HUMANS: Below
the drumbeat of reassurances from government and the cattle industry that
mad cow disease poses no threat to public health, a small universe of
scientists working on a family of related illnesses are finding disturbing
evidence to the contrary.... Just last week, for example, the National
Cattlemen's Beef Association described mad cow disease solely as an animal
and economic problem - not a human health problem. The U.S. Department of
Agriculture and Colorado's own commissioner of agriculture have made
similar pronouncements. Such statements, offered frequently since the
December discovery of a Holstein with mad cow in Washington state, spark
criticism from scientists and consumer advocates who say that the
government and industry are injecting certainty into a field where
uncertainty remains the dominant theme."
[Very edited from the comprehensive/information article at:
04/01/06: "MAD COW IS ONE OF MANY MYSTIFYING DISEASES: ...it's just one in
a family of 10 diseases discovered so far - five in animals, five in humans
- that are arguably medicine's most mystifying maladies. Most so-called
prion diseases are incredibly rare in this country, although one has spread
into deer and elk herds in at least 12 states, sparking concern about
contaminated game meat. The United States spends about a penny per person
on surveillance for human versions including the classic CJD that hits 250
Americans a year and the "variant CJD" linked to mad cow-tainted beef, so
far not found here. Britain, where variant CJD first appeared, spends
about a nickel per person on surveillance."
[Very edited from the detailed article at:
04/01/00: "NURSING NEW CASES OF MAD COW?: Last week, the U.S. Department of
Agriculture (USDA) made several regulatory changes to safeguard the country
from mad cow disease following the discovery of a single diseased cow in
Washington state. But the terrible irony of the USDA's ruling is that,
while people can't consume downers, calves in Wisconsin can -- in the form
of blood from downer cows. In Wisconsin and throughout the United States,
many dairy farms feed newborn calves a milk replacer for several weeks
after birth. As the name implies, milk replacer is used in lieu of
mother's milk. It contains a variety of ingredients, including whey (a
dairy byproduct of cheese making), vitamins, minerals, medications, animal
fats, and, in many replacers, cow and pig blood."
03/12/29: "SCIENTIFIC DATA OFFER NO PROOF OF BEEF SAFETY: ... while federal
officials' safety message was emphatic, the scientific evidence behind
those claims isn't as certain. Steaks and hamburgers made from beef muscle
haven't been shown to be dangerous, but some leading experts in Europe and
the U.S. say the risks of meat from sick cattle remain unknown, and new
studies have implicated muscles in other species.
"They are making these sweeping statements for which they don't have the
data," said Stanley Prusiner, the University of California, San Francisco,
researcher who won a Nobel Prize in 1997 for his work on the malformed
prion proteins linked to mad-cow and related ailments in humans, sheep and
many other species. Scientists have focused mostly on the dangers of cow
brains and nervous system tissue. Today, scientists in Dr. Prusiner's
laboratory say they think it's inevitable that beef cuts also will be shown
to harbor mad-cow prions. Those tests are now under way."
[Very edited from the involved article at:
03/12/24: "ROGUE PROTEIN LURKS BEHIND MAD COW: Scientists believe
spongiform diseases are the work of twisted proteins called prions. For
unknown reasons, when these proteins in brain and nerve cells misfold, they
induce proteins in adjacent cells to misfold and clump, too. But unlike
viruses and other infectious agents, prions withstand ultraviolet light,
ionizing radiation, sterilizing temperatures and chemical disinfectants.
They don't contain genetic material, which means prions don't have a
biological target that can be easily attacked by drugs or vaccines.
Health questions range beyond meat, however... the FDA has stopped the
importation of cosmetic and dietary supplement ingredients containing
gelatin and other bovine materials from countries where BSE is a risk.
Blood safety is another concern. Last week, a Briton died of vCJD more than
six years after he received a blood transfusion from an infected donor.
Since 1997, all blood products for use in surgeries in Britain have been
imported from the United States. How the first BSE case in the U.S. will
affect those exports is unclear."
[Very edited from:
03/07/22: "CJD SCREENING MAY MISS THOUSANDS OF CASES: "Now people are
beginning to realize that because something looks like sporadic CJD they
can't necessarily conclude that it's not linked to (mad cow disease)," said
Laura Manuelidis, section chief of surgery in the neuropathology department
at Yale University, who conducted a 1989 study that found 13 percent of
Alzheimer's patients actually had CJD. Those numbers might sound low, but
there are 4 million Alzheimer's cases and hundreds of thousands of dementia
cases in the United States. A small percentage of those cases could add up
to 120,000 or more CJD victims going undetected and not included in
The CDC says the annual rate of CJD in the United States is one case per
million people, but the above studies suggest the true prevalence of CJD is
not known, Manuelidis told UPI. Diagnosing CJD or Alzheimer's is difficult
because no test exists that can identify either disease in a living patient
with certainty. The only way to determine the disease conclusively is to
perform an autopsy on the brain after death. Unfortunately, although
autopsies once were performed on approximately half of all corpses, the
frequency has dropped to 15 percent or less in the United States. The
National Center for Health Statistics -- a branch of the CDC -- stopped
collecting autopsy data in 1995."
[Very edited from:
02/01/14: "USDA: STUDY SHOWS MAD COW PREVENTION IS WORKING IN THE U.S.: The
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) recently released the findings of a
landmark study by Harvard University that shows the risk of mad cow disease
(bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE) is very low in the United
States. The report indicates that current protection systems have kept BSE
out of the country and would prevent it from spreading if it did enter.
"The studyclearly shows that the years of early actions taken by the
federal government to safeguard consumers have helped keep BSE from
entering the United States," said Agriculture Secretary Ann M. Veneman."
04/01/13: "U.S. SEES 90% DROP IN BEEF EXPORTS: The loss of export markets
for U.S. beef following the discovery last month of the first case of mad
cow disease in the United States will significantly lower cattle prices in
2004, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said Monday. In its monthly crop
report, the USDA said U.S. beef exports would fall by 90 percent this year
after virtually all foreign countries, except Canada, banned U.S. beef."
04/01/05: "MEAT INDUSTRY SCRAMBLES TO RESPOND TO MAD COW FRENZY:
Meat-industry trade groups were scurrying during the recent holiday season
to coordinate key messages and media lists as they responded to reports of
mad cow disease rearing its head in the Western US. "We're having to use a
triage approach" to answering media calls, said Janet Riley, SVP of public
affairs with the American Meat Institute (AMI), a processor group. Riley
said she has been returning calls to media outlets with the largest reach
first, and acknowledged that she couldn't have returned all the calls she
received. The volume of calls "was like nothing I have ever seen," she
admitted. Key message points the industry was stressing revolved around
the safety of the US beef supply and the extent of efforts underway to
track down how the disease reached US shores, Goodwin said."
04/01/01: "FROZEN FRENCH FRIES PREFRIED IN BEEF TALLOW SIT IN LIMBO:
Fallout from the mad cow scare in Washington state has hit the potato
industry, with more than $500,000 worth of frozen French fries -- prefried
in beef tallow -- held in limbo at ports. French fries and other potato
products are prefried in beef tallow or vegetable oil by the manufacturer
before they are frozen and shipped. They are then fried again before being
served. Most products fried in beef tallow are exported, while vegetable
oil is used domestically, said Pat Boss, executive director of the
Washington State Potato Commission.
Potato processors and growers in the Northwest depend especially on Japan's
large export market. About 500,000 tons of fries or $100 million worth went
to Japan last year, Boss said. The other largest export markets for fries
include Mexico, China, Korea and Taiwan, all of which have acted to ban
03/12/29: "LAX RULES AND TESTING PUT PUBLIC, CATTLE INDUSTRY AT RISK:
Cattlemen and meat packers have fought calls for more frequent inspections,
and tighter feeding and slaughtering rules. Such measures have long been
identified as necessary to fully protect U.S. beef. The laissez-faire
approach to inspections and opposition to regulations might help cattlemen
save money in the short run, but it exposes them to far greater losses over
time through damage to the reputation of U.S. beef. Already, U.S. beef bans
by 28 countries risk shutting off as much as $6 billion in annual exports.
The Agriculture Department tests only about 20,000 to 30,000 cows per year
out of a total of 104 million, or two to three per 10,000. Once an animal
is determined to be sick, tracking where it came from is much more
difficult in the USA than in other countries, due to the lack of a national
cattle identification system. Fearing that an outbreak could be traced to a
single rancher or feedlot owner, the industry has resisted efforts to
easily track cattle as they journey through multiple owners from birth to
[Very edited from:
03/12/24: "MAJOR MARKETS BAN U.S. BEEF: The three largest importers of U.S.
beef were among more than a dozen countries that halted imports - the
source of billions of dollars of sales for U.S. cattlemen. Early Thursday,
China became the latest country to ban U.S. beef imports. Some countries
stressed their bans were temporary, until the extent and scope of any
infection is confirmed. Others, like Taiwan and Singapore, emphasized if
the outbreak is confirmed, they will ban U.S. beef for six to seven years,
given the long incubation period for the disease, also known as bovine
spongiform encephalopathy or BSE. Canada announced a limited ban, halting
imports of some processed beef products but allowing dairy products, live
cattle and boneless beef from cattle 30 months of age or younger at
Since BSE was first identified in 1986 in Britain, cases of the disease
have been reported from Europe to Asia, prompting massive destruction of
herds and devastating the European beef industry. Countries declaring
temporary bans on U.S. beef this week also included Thailand, Malaysia,
Russia, South Africa, Jamaica, Chile and Hong Kong - as well as Brazil and
Australia, beef-producing-countries that st and to gain economically from
[Very edited, with many financials and useful stats/history from:
03/12/24: "MAD COW TO WEIGH ON GRAIN FUTURES: Corn and soy complex futures
at the Chicago Board of Trade are expected to open sharply lower Wednesday
following the discovery of a case of mad cow disease in Washington state,
analysts say. The expected weakness in both the markets is likely to drag
down wheat futures, the analysts said. "They are going to open
significantly lower," said grains analyst Joe Victor of brokerage Allendale
Inc., adding that detection of the disease would hit hard livestock futures
at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. "Cattle is the number one consumer of
corn, and the number three consumer of soymeal," Victor added. "Meat and
bone meal is banned in the European Union, but in this country we use 3
million tonnes each year to feed poultry and pork," [grain analyst] Basse
said, adding that a similar ban in the United States would boost demand for
soymeal animal feed."
03/02/06: "MEAT GROUPS PROTEST PROPOSED FDA RESTRICTIONS ON ANIMAL FEED: A
coalition of agricultural organizations led by the American Meat Institute
(AMI) is arguing that no scientific reason exists for FDA's recent proposed
changes to animal feed regulations. In comments filed with FDA recently,
the groups said safeguards are already in place to protect the US livestock
industry from the threat of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or mad
cow disease). In its comments, AMI said brains and spinal cords produced
in the US pose no BSE risk, and any regulations beyond those are already in
place would be redundant to existing animal feed regulations and could send
the wrong message to other countries.
AMI is a national association that represents meat and poultry slaughterers
and processors. Its members slaughter more than 90% of the cattle raised in
the US and process most of the rendered products produced in the US.
American Farm Bureau Federation, American Meat Institute, National
Cattlemen's Beef Association, National Pork Producers Council were among
the 15 groups that signed the letter.""
01/06/00: "THE RENDERING INDUSTRY: ECONOMIC IMPACT OF FUTURE FEEDING
REGULATIONS: The rendering industry performs functions vitally important to
the livestock and poultry sectors: it provides an outlet for over 47
billion pounds of byproducts from meat packers, poultry processors,
restaurants, retail meat stores, and other entities. Visualize a 4-lane
truck convoy, placed bumper to bumper from Los Angeles, California to New
York City, New York, and that's the amount of raw material processed by the
rendering industry each year. From this waste, the rendering industry
produces nearly 10 billion pounds of protein ingredients, highly valued by
the feed industry. Also produced is a wide range of other lipid materials
used in various feed and industrial applications, which amounts to over 9
[Very edited from the interesting study at:
[National Renderer's Association:
04/01/12: "SEN. BOXER CALLS FOR GAO STUDY OF MAD COW TESTING PROGRAMS: U.S.
Senator Barbara Boxer today called on the General Accounting Office to
study mad cow inspection and testing programs around the world and
determine which would be the most effective in the United States."
04/01/10: "SEN. BOXER CALLS FOR COMPREHENSIVE MAD COW TESTING: Sen. Barbara
Boxer has urged Agriculture Secretary Ann Veneman to use her executive
authority to immediately order that all 35 million to 40 million cattle and
dairy cows slaughtered annually in the United States be tested for mad cow
disease. The Agriculture Department and the cattle and dairy industries say
that such testing, which could cost a minimum of $1 billion a year, isn't
needed, at least not after only one case of bovine spongiform
encephalopathy has been found in the United States. But Boxer said the
drastic step would assure the public that the nation's beef supply is safe
and get vital export markets for U.S. beef reopened."
04/01/06: "REP. MILLER PROPOSES TESTING ALL COWS: To protect Americans'
health and prevent further damage to U.S. cattle markets, Congressman
George Miller (D-CA) today announced he will soon introduce a bill to
require that all cows bound for human consumption be tested for bovine
spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as Mad Cow disease."
04/01/06: "GOVERNORS PROCLAIM BEEF WEEK: Gov. Kathleen Sebelius had a
suggestion Monday for dinner: "Go buy a burger. Eat a steak." Sebelius'
lighthearted message was a serious suggestion that consumers continue to
eat beef despite the discovery last month of a cow infected with mad cow
disease in Washington state. The governor made the remark as she signed a
proclamation marking "American Beef Week." Sebelius said governors of
Colorado, Oklahoma, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota and Texas all
signed similar proclamations to reassure consumers that the nation's beef
supply remains safe. Those states are among 10 that are responsible for
about 75 percent of the beef market in the United States."
04/01/06: "BEEF RECALL PROCESS DRAWS CRITICISM: Federal agencies have more
power to recall defective toys and auto parts than they do tainted beef,
according to consumer groups opposed to a federal rule that forbids state
health departments from disclosing where beef products from the Washington
state mad cow case were sold. A 10,000 pound batch of beef that included
cuts and bones from a single infected dairy cow was distributed last month
in six states, including California. Officials with the federal
Department of Agriculture said Monday they knew where nearly all the
recalled meat and bones had been sold but maintained that information was
considered proprietary and not available to the public. Consumer groups
said that the argument was both familiar and outrageous."
[Very edited from the comprehensive article at:
04/01/02: "THE COW JUMPED OVER THE U.S.D.A.: Right now you'd have a hard
time finding a federal agency more completely dominated by the industry it
was created to regulate. Dale Moore, Ms. Veneman's chief of staff, was
previously the chief lobbyist for the cattlemen's association. Other
veterans of that group have high-ranking jobs at the department, as do
former meat-packing executives and a former president of the National Pork
The Agriculture Department has a dual, often contradictory mandate: to
promote the sale of meat on behalf of American producers and to guarantee
that American meat is safe on behalf of consumers. For too long the
emphasis has been on commerce, at the expense of safety. The safeguards
against mad cow that Ms. Veneman announced on Tuesday - including the
elimination of "downer cattle" (cows that cannot walk) from the food chain,
the removal of high-risk material like spinal cords from meat processing,
the promise to introduce a system to trace cattle back to the ranch - have
long been demanded by consumer groups. Their belated introduction seems to
have been largely motivated by the desire to have foreign countries lift
restrictions on American beef imports.
Worse, on Wednesday Ms. Veneman ruled out the the most important step to
protect Americans from mad cow disease: a large-scale program to test the
nation's cattle for bovine spongiform encephalopathy."
[Very edited from:
["Dale Moore Named Veneman Chief of Staff:"
['Alisa Harrison Named USDA Press Secretary:"
["Veneman Announces Key Management Positions At USDA:"
["Veneman Press Secretary Butts Heads With Reporters:"
04/01/02: "MAD COW MEETS BAD BUREAUCRATS: The good news last week was that
the mad cow discovered in Washington State appears to have been born in
Canada before the U.S. in 1997 imposed a ban on feeding cattle with meal
made from cattle parts-the means by which mad cow disease spreads. The bad
news is the Food and Drug Administration enforced this ban about as well
as-well, about as well as the Department of Homeland Security enforces the
On Jan. 25, 2002, the General Accounting Office published a prophetic and
scathing report on the FDA's mad-cow performance record. [excerpt]: "While
BSE [Mad Cow Disease] has not been found in the United States, federal
actions do not sufficiently ensure that all BSE-infected animals or
products are kept out or that if BSE were found, it would be detected
promptly and not spread to other cattle through animal feed or enter the
human food supply. . . . "
[Very edited from:
[GAO study discussed:
04/01/00: "REP. DENNIS KUCINICH ON MAD COW DISEASE: When Congress returns I
intend to introduce legislation that will: (1) Prohibit meat from downer
cattle from entering the human food supply; (2) Test all downer cattle
using modern rapid quick tests (estimates range from 190,000 to 970,000
cattle); (3) Establish a mandatory trace back system for all bovines; (4)
Require mandatory recall of food products infected; (5) Prohibit the
feeding of the remains of any mammal to any animals that humans eat; (6)
Tighten the law on dietary supplements, which currently allow supplements
to contain CNS tissue; (7) Require doctors and hospitals to report all
cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob to the Centers for Disease Control and
03/12/31: "SLAUGHTERHOUSE POLITICS: The simple fact is the meat inspection
system isn't any good and anybody who even attempts to stand up to the Big
Boy ranchers does so at his or her peril. Look what happened to Bill
Lehman, who throughout the early 1990s worked as a meat inspector at
Sweetgrass, Montana, a busy port of entry for Canadian beef. By his own
count, Lehman himself rejected "up to 2.3 million pounds of contaminated or
mislabeled imports annually." The reasons, according to Lehman, included
"pus-filled abscesses, sticky layers of bacteria leaving a stench, obvious
fecal contamination, stains, metal shavings, blood, bruises, hair, hide,
chemical residues, salmonella, added substances, and advanced disease
The revelations by Lehman, who died in 1998, drove the ranchers and their
USDA buddies nuts. They said he was a troublemaker and, because he thought
free-trade laws made matters worse, a protectionist. He was ordered to
retire, face being fired or transfer to another location. He retired,
saying he was "just tired of the whole thing." But he fought the USDA until
[Very edited from a "must-read" article re: politics at:
03/12/31: "IT'S THE COW FEED, STUPID!" The USDA's much ballyhooed new
measures to address the emergence of mad cow disease in the US are wholly
inadequate. Until there is a complete and total ban on all feeding of
slaughterhouse waste to livestock, coupled with the testing of millions of
animals, mad cow disease will continue to amplifying and spread in US
animal feed and among livestock. Eventually we will see cases of human mad
cow disease emerging. It was a decade after the recognition of the first
mad cow in Britain that the human deaths, continuing today, began
The USDA knew way back in 1991, more than a decade ago, that a feed ban was
necessary to protect human and animal health, but sided with the livestock
industry. In a 1991 report I obtained under the Freedom of Information Act
USDA said, "the advantage of this option is that it minimizes the risk of
BSE. The disadvantage is that the cost to the livestock and rendering
industries would be substantial." (Mad Cow USA, p. 149-150)."
[Very edited from the excellent, comprehensive, and disconcerting article:
03/12/29: "REP. BLUMENAUER CALLS FOR IMPROVED TESTING, TRACKING....:
Congressman Earl Blumenauer (D-Ore.) today called on Congress to enact
legislation to improve meat testing and tracking in the United States and
to prohibit the use of downed animals in the nation's food supply."
03/12/26: "THE POLITICS OF CATTLE SLAUGHTER:
Agriculture Secretary Ann Veneman and beef-industry representatives
blithely assure the public that our food supply is safe. Yet the continuing
boycott of Canadian beef by the U.S. and some 30 other countries that so
far has cost Canada almost $3 billion makes that claim ring hollow. If we
won't buy Canadian beef, why should other nations buy ours when the mad-cow
scenarios are identical? [Our] Farmers continue to sell these crippled,
low-value animals for processed meat or hamburger... The fast-food
industry - led by McDonald's, Wendy's, and Burger King - considers downer
meat too dangerous for its customers and no longer buys it. Three years
ago, the USDA banned it from the National School Lunch Program."
[Very edited from article by Senior VP of Humane Society at:
03/12/24: "GOP CONGRESS SCUTTLED MEAT PROTECTION MEASURE: Legislation to
keep meat from downed animals off American kitchen tables was scuttled -
for the second time in as many years - as Congress labored unsuccessfully
earlier this month to pass a catchall agency spending bill. Rep. Maurice
Hinchey, D-N.Y., a negotiator who voted for the measure in the House, said
Democratic negotiators never had a chance to fight for the proposal. "The
Republicans, the leadership, shut off the conference, they closed it down,
and this is one of a number of provisions which were handled in a backroom
deal without the Democrats there and with only the Republican leadership,"
03/12/23: "USDA REFUSED TO RELEASE MAD COW RECORDS: The United States
Department of Agriculture insisted the U.S. beef supply is safe Tuesday
after announcing the first documented case of mad cow disease in the United
States, but for six months the agency repeatedly refused to release its
tests for mad cow to United Press International. The USDA claims to have
tested approximately 20,000 cows for the disease in 2002 and 2003, but has
been unable to provide any documentation in support of this to UPI, which
first requested the information in July. In addition, former USDA
veterinarians tell UPI they have long suspected the disease was in U.S
herds and there are probably additional infected animals."
[Very edited from:
03/10/07: "ASSESSMENT OF THE FDA'S MAD COW PREVENTION INSPECTION RECORDS:
Even if 100 percent of firms in the U.S. were in 100 percent compliance
with the current feed regulations, consumers and cattle in the U.S. would
still not be fully protected from the risks of deadly Mad Cow disease. The
FDA must tighten the regulations to be consistent with those in the
European Union. This would mean removing exemptions that allow for the
following to be fed to cattle:
* Cattle blood as a milk substitute
* Poultry manure which can contain unconsumed feed made with cattle parts
* Plate waste from restaurants
* Pet food which is often fed to cattle after its retail expiration
* It would also be prudent to prohibit feeding cattle parts to pigs
which some science indicates may be susceptible to Mad Cow disease.
[Very edited from a comprehensive analysis:
03/09/30: "DOWNED ANIMALS POSE THREAT TO FOOD SUPPLY: Mr. Speaker, to make
our communities livable, to make our families safe, healthy and
economically secure, we must deal with the issues of food safety. 76
million Americans are ill every year from unsafe food, 325,000 are
hospitalized, 5,000 die. Despite telling journalism and concerns from
experts in food safety and animal welfare, the cattle industry and some of
their key Congressional allies fight to continue allowing almost 200,000
unhealthy animals a year into our food supply. These animals are called
``downers'' because they are so sick they are unable to stand or walk. They
are dragged to slaughter facilities around the country, and most of these
sick animals end up in our food supply."
04/01/13: "NONFOOD USE OF COW PARTS FACES REVIEW: ...federal regulators are
reconsidering long-held policies aimed at prohibiting importation of
products or ingredients with bovine tissue or blood from countries with
documented cases of the illness. The products include vaccines,
nutritional supplements and cosmetics, all of which can contain ingredients
derived from cows. Bovine ingredients can be found in several nonmeat
products. Many immunizations are grown in blood from calves. Some
supplements contain bovine brain or myelin -- the sheath surrounding a
cow's spinal cord. And popular products to fight wrinkles contain proteins
from the tissue of cows. Fetal calf blood is used to create the cultures in
which viruses and bacteria are grown for vaccine development."
04/01/12: "WHY ORGANIC BEEF IS SAFER THAN CONVENTIONAL BEEF: The FDA banned
the feeding of cattle brain and spinal tissue to cattle in 1997, but they
still allow the following materials to be fed to non-organic cattle: Blood
and blood products (from cattle and other species); Gelatin (rendered from
the hooves of cattle and other species; Fats, oils, grease, and tallow
(from cattle and other species); Poultry and poultry by-products; Rendered
pork protein; Rendered horse protein; Poultry manure (which may include
spilled feed containing rendered animal products); and Human food wastes
(which may contain beef scraps)."
[Very edited from:
04/01/12: "DEMAND RISES FOR ORGANIC AND NATURAL BEEF: What's bad news for
most ranchers may be great news for growers and purveyors of organic and
natural-fed beef. To earn the organic label, cattle must be fed a strict
vegetarian diet of pesticide-free hay and grain, which means the animals
have no opportunity to consume the tainted slaughterhouse leftovers that
are believed to lead to bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Less than 1
percent of meat and poultry sold in the U.S. is now organic, but that could
change as consumers become more aware and demanding about food safety."
[From the following, with additional related links:
04/01/04: "ONE COW, HUNDREDS OF USES: Gel capsules often are made from
bovine gelatin. Bars of soap probably come from processed cow tallow, which
is solid fat. Asphalt roads may contain bovine fatty acids. Cars and trucks
may ply those roads on rubber tires made with cow oils. Even wars can
depend on cows. The explosive nitroglycerine is manufactured from
glycerine, which is extracted from cow fat.... cattle parts turn into
chicken feed, mayonnaise and sex hormones -- and the potential that
byproducts from an infected cow might transmit bovine spongiform
encephalopathy to humans. Federal authorities insist that is not a
significant risk. The diseased Washington cow had enormous reach, it turns
out. The 1,200-pound Holstein was cut, ground and added to 20,000 pounds of
potentially infected meat in eight states, while its nonmeat parts might
have made their way into as much as 1.5 million pounds of animal byproducts
processed by Baker Commodities, one of the nation's largest renderers."
[Edited from from the comprehensive and disturbing article at:
03/07/13: "ANIMAL RENDERING PRODUCTS IN MORE PLACES THAN YOU THINK:
Rendering plants take in a wide variety of source materials that include
parts such as brains, eyeballs, spinal cords, intestines, bones, feathers
or hooves as well as restaurant grease, supermarket rejects such as spoiled
steak, road kill and in some areas euthanized cats and dogs from
veterinarians and animal shelters. Such source materials are processed at
the rendering plant into ingredients used in a number of products that many
people do not associate with animals. Such products include soap,
toothpaste, mouthwash, hair dyes, nail polish, photographic film, crayons,
glue, solvents, shoe polish, toys, anti-freeze, ornaments, pharmaceutical
products and cosmetics (including those not tested on animals).
[Very edited from:
*03: Brain Rewards, High Steaks, Come & Get It!, MC/Mad Cow
"BRAIN REWARDS US FOR LAUGHING: They say laughter is the best medicine,
and a new study may help explain how laughter makes us feel good.
Researchers report that humor seems to activate brain networks that are
involved in rewards. "Humor has significant ramifications for our
psychological and physical health," he told Reuters Health. Our sense of
humor, he said, "often dictates if, how and with whom we establish
friendships and even long-lasting romantic relationships." Humor is also a
"universal coping mechanism" for dealing with stress, Reiss added. Despite
the importance of humor, Reiss said that little is known about the brain
mechanisms that underlie humor."
[Original Study: Neuron, December 4, 2003:
TWO CARTOON REWARDS FROM MARK FIORE:
[Come & Get It!:
[Mad Cowboy and Mad Cow:
*04: Toxic Salmon, Keep Walking, Vegan Food Bank, Animal Talk
04/01/09: "FARMED SALMON LOADED WITH CHEMICALS, STUDY CONFIRMS: Farmed
salmon contains far more toxic chemicals than wild salmon - high enough to
suggest that fish-eaters limit how much they eat, U.S. researchers said
Thursday. The culprit is "salmon chow" - the feed given to the captive
fish, the researchers report in this week's issue of the journal Science.
Many health experts urge people to eat fish such as salmon because it
contains healthy fats, especially the omega-3 fatty acids that can lower
the risk of heart disease and perhaps have other health benefits, too. But
the researchers, as well as environmental groups, said the findings in
Science indicate that people should choose their fish carefully. They
should also demand that salmon be clearly labeled to indicate whether it is
farmed or wild so they can make informed choices about which fish to eat."
04/01/12: "LIMITED EXERCISE CAN HALT WEIGHT GAIN, STUDY SAYS: Overweight
adults who are not on a diet need only a small amount of exercise -- the
equivalent of a half-hour of brisk walking per day -- to prevent further
weight gain, a study found. Participants who did not exercise during the
eight-month study gained an average of almost 2.5 pounds. But 73 percent of
those who briskly walked 11 miles a week, or about 30 minutes a day, were
able to maintain their weight or even lose a few pounds."
[Original study at:
04/01/12: "WHEN ANIMALS SPEAK, LISTEN: "Mother Nature has fostered all
manner of societies, cultures, learning, gaming, altruism, deception,
cooperation, competition, industries, arms races and intelligence. Look
closely at any habitat and you can find daily dramas involving struggles
between predators and prey, elaborate courtships, covert copulations,
sibling rivalries, struggles for dominance, defense of territories and
many, many opportunities to arrive at a premature death. The same dramas
are played out all over the world in every environment, from the deep ocean
vents where microscopic life may have begun to the lawns and shrubs only a
few steps away in the backyard.
Communication between all of the earth's creatures makes these dramas
possible. Indeed, communication is the glue of animal societies. Without a
means of communicating, no life, including the simplest single-celled
organisms, could exist. Communication, like the tango, takes two. And it
requires a signal, which can be anything from the release of chemicals
between colonizing bacteria, to the come-hither flashes between male and
female fireflies in the backyard, to the "let's go" rumble of African
elephants, to the "signature" whistles of dolphins, to a dog barking simply
to be let outside."
- Tim Friend, a veteran science reporter at USA TODAY, attempts to unravel
the mysteries of animal communication in his new book, Animal Talk.
[Very edited from:
04/01/15: "THE VEGAN FOOD BANK is a non-profit agency that was created to
distribute food for those who are suffering from hunger and at the same
time help to minimize the needless suffering of animals. We do this by
offering delicious meatless non-animal based products for human beings.
The Vegan Food Bank will be collecting donated non-animal based food from
manufacturers, farmers and suppliers. We then will distribute it to people
in need through care packages, food pantries, soup kitchens, child care
centers, homeless shelters, senior centers and other human service agencies
with meal programs.
Our goal is to distribute food to low-income households for preparation at
home. We also will provide groceries and fresh produce to dozens of food
pantries throughout Cities across America starting with Buffalo, New York
as we continue to open Chapters in other cities and towns as quickly as
possible. The eventual goal of our distribution is worldwide."
*05: Over 9000 Veg'n Recipes, +Nutrition & Resources Info
[Veganism in a Nutshell:
[Guide to Fast Food -- The Vegetarian Resource Group
[McDougall Wellness Center, Newsletter, Recipes, Info:
[Dr. Joel Fuhrman's "Eat to Live" book, website:
[Physician's Committee for Responsible Medicine:
[International Vegetarian Union:
[Vegetarian Nutrition Resource List:
[Over 4600 veg'n recipies - searchable database:
[Over 1800 vegan recipes - some in different languages:
[Over 800 veg'n recipes:
[Over 600 veg'n recipes:
[Hundreds (?) of vegan recipes (well organized):
[Over 400 vegan recipes:
[147 Tofu Recipes:
[Superb collection - links, info, near 100 recipes, articles:
[Over 80 vegan recipes:
[Recipes from the Vegetarian Resource Group:
[Bryanna's wonderful "beginner's" vegan recipes disc. board:
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