Just FWIW, and tangentially on topic with this subject...
The other day I was watching a show I'd never heard of before, Time
Team America - IIRC it was on TALNET, but it might have been PBS.
Anyway, the show's about a team of archeologists who go to a site for three days
and bring in high tech stuff that the regulars don't have access to.
This episode was about a site in North Carolina called Topper, which may
contain evidence of a pre-Folsom culture going back 50,000 years (the general
view is that the Folsom culture, dating to 13,000 years ago, is the oldest in
North America). It seems there is a theory - thus far without objective
support but with some attractive reasoning, that the pre-Folsom culture might
have derived from Europeans who crossed the Atlantic by island-hopping and
following the coasts. Of course, 50,000 years ago the Roman Empire et al
weren't even gleams in some proto-king's eye.<g>
Also FWIW, ages ago, when I lived in Dallas (I left there in 1989) I read a
book by a man named George Carter (at least I think that was his first name; I'm
certain of his last name) proposing that human beings were in the Americas far
earlier than most archaeologists believe. It's been ages, as I said, but
one of his points was stones which - in Carter's view anyway - showed signs of
human work (e.g. flaked cores). It seems that others called such things
"Cartifacts" and regarded them as natural phenomena.
Anyway, while I doubt that there was any sort of organized Roman etc.
presence here prior to Columbus, it is entirely possible that the Vikings
weren't the first people to find themselves on a new coast - and unlike the
Viking settlement up in Canada, it's possible that others neither died out nor
Of course, proving it, even if it did happen, would be quite
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