Please Welcome Angie Jordan to the group.
Angie, yes your family history is very suitable! Can you tell us more about
your great-grandfathers' names and about how your family got out of that
part of the world?
As far as I can make out, Kremenczuki and Antoniny were both in the
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1937-38, located perhaps 20km east of
the Polish border. This whole part of the world was within the "historic"
eastern Kresy, which means "borderlands" in Polish, which used to stretch to
the Black Sea in previous centuries.
Here is a current map of the villages:
So while these villages were not within the borders of the Polish "Kresy"
provinces prior to World War 2, we need to remember that on both sides of
the border this was an ethnically very mixed area (Ukrainian, Polish,
Jewish, German - in that order). The deportations prior to WW2 on the
Soviet side were merely a pre-cursor to the ones in 1940-41 when the Soviet
order was moved hundreds of miles west into Poland proper.
In fact, the Karta Centre in Poland has published studies that about 250,000
Poles in the western USSR were deported from their homes and resettled
elsewhere in the USSR as a 'border protection policy". (See "Represje
sowieckie wobec Polaków i obywateli polskich" - Soviet repressions against
Poles and Polish Citizens - Warsaw 2000.)
Apparently estimates such as "up to 2 million Poles repressed in the USSR"
during the war include the survivors of these 250,000 Poles who found
themselves on the Soviet side of the border after World War 1 when the
Polish state was formed.
> From: "Angie Jordan" <ajordan1@...>
> Date: Fri, 04 Jul 2003 08:56:10 -0700
> To: swisniowski@...
> Subject: Re: Your request to subscribe to the Kresy-Siberia Group
> Hello Stefan,
> I am unsure if my family history is suitable for this website. I will give
> you a brief history.
> My family is Polish (Catholic) and resided in a village Kremenczuki, near
> Antoniny in what is now Ukraine (is this considered Kresy?). Both my great
> grandfathers were arrested by the Soviets (one in 1937 and the other in
> 1938) and deported to Siberian labour or death camps. They died there. We
> think they were arrested because they worked for a Count Potocki in Antoniny
> and were apparently quite wealthy.
> I appreciate your time and look forward to hearing from you.
> Thank you,