They probably considered themselves as Volynhnians (from Wolyniu) as I am Australian with Polish blood from the Kresy. Many historical facts for research areMessage 1 of 3 , Jul 20View Source
They probably considered themselves as Volynhnians (from Wolyniu) as I am Australian with Polish blood from the Kresy.
Many historical facts for research are picked up from stories about other cultures in the same area. You always have to look at the big picture otherwise you cannot put the small pieces together.
i was very interested to see (in your other post )the Volga Germans
have an organisation like KS
one day i'd like to start a thread about Kresy Germans but i don't
know enough to even start, i assume Ebenau was a German settlement
would they have considered themselves Germans or Austrians?
The German speakers in Opole today seem to call themselves Germans
though technically like the Kresy Germans they're Austrians stranded
by the collapse of the empire rather than being from places like
does anyone know the rest of this story i half remember?
some German guy living in South Kresy/Ukraine under the Nazis who
refused to register himself as Volksdeutch and ended up doing forced
labour like any other non German, would he have considered himself
On 19/07/2013, Lenarda Szymczak <szymczak01@...> wrote:
> History of Ukraine, showing Stalin's' madness.
> Lenarda, Australia
> The Great Purge: 1937-38
> This history of The Great Purge was excerpted from pages 420-21 of:
> Ukraine - A History
> out/checkitout.cgi?bramaSTORE:home> Author: Orest Subtelny. This
> internationally acclaimed definitive second edition takes you from the
> earliest periods of Ukraine's history right up through post-independence
> Ukraine in spring 1993,. Soft cover (9.25"H x 6"W); illustrated; 595 pages;
> 31 maps. University of Toronto Press, 1993. $37.75 at Surma - The Ukrainian
> BUY THE BOOK HERE - select category
> out/checkitout.cgi?bramaSTORE:home> "BOOKS"
> Back to The Great Purge: 1937-38
> <http://www.brama.com/ukraine/history/terror/index.html> .
> The Great Purge
> Text: C University of Toronto Press
> Reprinted with permission.
> While the waves of repression that rolled across Ukraine in the early 1930s
> were mainly directed against Ukrainians, the Great Purge of 1937-38
> encompassed the entire Soviet Union and all categories of people. Its goal
> was to sweep away all of Stalin's real and imaginary enemies and to infuse
> all levels of Soviet society, especially upper echelons, with a sense of
> insecurity and abject dependence on and obedience to the "Great Leader." In
> a series of sensational show trials, almost all the "founding fathers" of
> bolshevism (and the potential rivals of Stalin) were discredited and
> subsequently executed. The political police, now referred to as the NKVD,
> repeatedly fabricated plots and terrorist groups to implicate ever
> broadening circles of people. The usual sentence was summary execution or,
> at best, lengthy terms in Siberian concentration camps. To assure
> of an endless supply of "traitors," the NKVD interrogators concentrated on
> two questions: "Who recruited you?" and "Whom did you recruit?" The
> "confessions" often doomed casual acquaintances, friends, and even family.
> Even at a time when the threat of war in Europe was rising, much of the
> military leadership - the only remaining base of potential opposition - was
> executed. It was at this point that Stalin's method began to show definite
> signs of madness.
> Again Ukraine was among the worst-hit areas. Unlike the purges of 1933,
> during which opponents of collectivization and Ukrainizers had been purged,
> in 1937 Stalin decided to liquidate the entire leadership of the Ukrainian
> Soviet government and the CPU. [.] By June 1938 the top seventeen ministers
> of the Ukrainian Soviet government were arrested and executed. The prime
> minister, Liubchenko, committed suicide. Almost the entire Central
> and Politburo of Ukraine perished. An estimated 37% of the Communist party
> members in Ukraine - about 170,000 people - were purged. In the words of
> Nikita Khrushchev, Moscow's new viceroy in Kiev, the Ukrainian party "had
> been purged spotless." The NKVD slated for extermination entire categories
> of people, such as kulaks, priests, former members of antiBolshevik armies,
> those who had been abroad or had relatives abroad, and immigrants from
> Galicia; even average citizens perished in huge numbers. An indication of
> the vast scope of the Great Purge was the discovery, during the Second
> War, in Vinnytsia, of a mass grave containing 10,000 bodies of residents of
> the region who were shot between 1937 and 1938. Given the lack of complete
> data, it is difficult for Western scholars to establish the total loss of
> life brought about by the Stalinist terror. Adam Ulam and others estimate
> that in the Soviet Union as a whole, about 500,000 were executed in 1937-39
> and somewhere between 3 and 12 million were sent to labor camps. One can
> assume in light of the above-mentioned factors that Ukraine's share of
> who were victimized was disproportionately high.
> Go to Bibliography
> <http://www.brama.com/ukraine/history/terror/bibliography.html> for text
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