I wonder if anyone can shed further details regards to the sequence of events concerning the Amnesty in 1941 and the formation of the Anders Army.
Diving in to the detail seems to throw up some interesting questions I deduce thus far
June 1941 - The Polish government-in-exile and the Soviet government signed the Sikorski-Mayski Agreement which announced the willingness of both to fight together against Nazi Germany and for a Polish army to be formed on Soviet territory. The Polish general W³adys³aw Anders began organizing this army,
Signed on 30 July 1941. A further military alliance was signed in Moscow on 14 August 1941.The Soviets granted "amnesty" to many Polish citizens on 12 August 1941 from whom a 40,000-strong army (Anders Army, later known as the Polish II Corps) was formed under General W³adys³aw Anders. (some 390,000 Poles/Jews/Ukrainians are freed)
General Micha³ Tokarzewski, had already began the task of forming the army in the Soviet town of Totskoye on August 17. Anders issued his first orders and announced his appointment as commander on August 22. The formation began to organize in the Buzuluk area, and recruitment began in the NKVD camps for Polish POWs. By the end of 1941 25,000 soldiers (including 1,000 officers) were recruited, forming three infantry divisions
My fathers family were granted their freedom on September 10th My father and his twin brother registered to join the Polish army and obtained transit papers to go to Soroczynsk close to Buzuluk and Tockoye. My father and his twin brother arrived in Buzuluk early October only to be told immediately that recruitment to the Anders army was only open for ex-soldiers and the NKVD put them on to cattle trucks and sent them towards Bukhara via Tashkent.
It would take until the end of 1941 to build the Anders army up to 25,000.
At the beginning of October there was no formal agreement to set up any Anders army around Tashkent/Bukhara.
Yet Stalin was directing new recruits south was Anders aware of this at this time?
As far as I'm aware Anders didn't start to move his registered troops south until December/January.
When my father arrived in Bukhara the local Voyekomat/ NKVD steered them to the Amu Darya river to get a river barge to the Aral sea and the island village of Moynaq arriving here around December 1941. They would work as shoe repairers by the harbour and they had a plentiful supply of fresh fish and clean water. For them at least at this time life was pretty good by the standards of what was going on elsewhere..
Towards the end of February 1942 they got notice from Voyenkomat (Russian Military Commissariat) in Moynaq to start to move south towards Bukhara where the Polish army was forming. The Amu Darya river by this time was too shallow for barges to sail down so they had to walk the 500 plus miles.
When they got near to Bukhara the Russians again steered them in a different direction this time to Chardzhou (Turkmenabat). When they got to Chardzhou they were immediately put on another cattle truck full of similar Poles without uniforms it was around March 24th.
On March 18, 1942, due to the Soviet authority's inability to provide adequate rations for the growing Polish Army, which was even then sharing its limited food with an also growing group of Polish civilians.] Stalin agreed to evacuate part of the Polish formation as a military force to Iran after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran
So this first phase of evacuation March24 April 4th wasn't specific to the Polish ll corps.
This first evacuation appears not to have any signedup Anders Army soldiers although many would tag on in Iraq/Palestine?
At this time my father and his twin brother were still not officially registered as soldiers of any Polish Army they had no Polish uniforms. They find themselves at Krasnovodsk where they get onto a coal ship. The next day March 26th they arrive in Pahlavi ( only the second day of the evacuations ) and it's here that they finally join the Polish Army and get uniforms from the Brits along with 10,000 others they are now heading for Suez Durban in South Africa and then Scotland to join General Maczek and the Polish 1st Armoured Division.
Following a breakdown in relationships between Stalin and Anders, Stalin suggested to Churchill in July 1942 that the rest of the Polish Anders army should join the British in the middle east to help strengthen the allied numbers to defend the routes to the oil fields in the Caucuses.
On August 9, 1942, a second evacuation began, which lasted until September 1.
Is this schedule of events a correct summary?
George Harrogate UK