Dear Ewa, Thank you so much for this post and for helping to solve the Operation Scrivner mystery. My Dad, Wladek Pacewicz, was on this ship. His MoD recordsMessage 1 of 13 , Mar 6View Source
Thank you so much for this post and for helping to solve the "Operation Scrivner" mystery.
My Dad, Wladek Pacewicz, was on this ship. His MoD records give his transport to Persia as the 24th March 1942. On the 1st June he was transported to Palestine and assigned to the Navy camp. On the 3rd July he sailed for the UK, arriving on the 23rd August 1942 and from there he was drafted into the Polish Navy in Plymouth.
After reading the book "Polish Spirit" by Wladyslaw Wojcik (which John Halucha refers to) I have been trying to verify that sailors and airmen were on the first shipment out to Persia.
Many thanks again!
--- In Kresy-Siberia@yahoogroups.com, "ebard55" <ebard55@...> wrote:
> This information is from "Deportation and Exile Poles in the Soviet Union 1939-48" by Keith Sword ISBN-333-66860 pp.60-87
> "The origins of the operation,which the British codenamed "Scalene" ...the first evacuation of General Anders' forces from the Soviet Union via Iran to the Middle East are both confused and controversial...
> The decision to carry out an evacuation was finally reached in a key meeting between Sikorski and Stalin in Moscow on 3 December, 1941...
> Stalin concede to a request from General Sikorski that Polish recruitment and training should be conducted in a region with a less severe climate... At the beginning of 1942, the Polish forces transferred from the Volga region to camps in Central Asia. The move took place over a five week period during January and February...Polish headquarters was reestablished at Yangi-Yul...However, Polish Army camps were now dispersed over a huge area...Hundreds of miles now separated the various divisional headquarters...Mid February, in an effort to force the pace of events, an Anglo-Polish advance party departed for Pahlevi...March...Stalin personally marked out a land and sea route which led across the Caspian Sea via Krasnovodsk...Executive order from Ander's headquarters for evacuation issued 23 March...The first ship Karamin left Krasnovodsk on 24 March...arrived in Pahlevi 25 March...1387 almost all sailors and airmen due for transfer to Great Britain (Operation Scrivner)...last transport carrying 1982 evacuees arrived in Pahlevi 5 April...accompanying this last contingent was General Boruta Spiechowicz...last convoys taking troops from Pahlevi left after a severe thunderstorm on 25 April...Military evacuees directed south and west by two routes...One route, taken by road, led via Quazvin and Hamadan to Khanaquin in Iraq and then onwards to Palestine where the troops linked up with Polish Middle Eastern Command. Another group was moved by Teheran by rail to the Persian Gulf. There some 1439 were transported by ship to Britain, while the remainder...almost 1000 were ferried to Palestine by way of the Suez Canal...Second Evacuation...the numbers of troops remaining in the Soviet Union at the beginning of April 1942 were 40,508...Stalin agreed to further recruitment...meeting in Tashkent on 29 March...It was agreed that three infantry divisions and various ancillary formations would be created."
> Hope this helps - Ewa D. - Nevada