We Polish Exiles .
United Social uncomfortable for the USSR and the subordinate deportation
In 1940, the NKVD has developed a whole list of " anti-Soviet elements " from which it was decided to purify the newly acquired lands. been taken in the records of the following groups:
" a.) all non-Communist party members , from the anarchists and Trotskyists , starting and ending at the right-wing parties ,
b.) all members of the corporation student , shooting organizations , youth sports organizations,
c.) The former gendarmes , policemen, former police and prison staff ,
d.) all former officers of the army is not the Soviet
e. ) former volunteer army of "white "and other anti-Soviet army ,
f.) all refugees , political refugees , returnees , repatriated .
g ) all representatives of foreign companies and employees of former state offices ,
h ) maintaining communication with people abroad or from consultants and legations in foreign countries,
i ) former employees of the Red Cross,
k ) members of religious societies, clergy, church personnel and " actively religious " ,
l. ), former nobles, landowners , merchants , bankers , industrialists , who used the servants, business owners , hotels and restaurants. "
These individuals were considered enemies body, waiting for them to reprisals , mostly in the form of deportation. The most dangerous were placed in prisons , often killed after a short , biased process.
Sentenced to " deportation " qualified into three groups:
- " arrested "- they were sentenced to from three to fifteen years of residence in the camp ;
- " specprzesiedleńców - resettled them to settlements in which a confined individual freedom - could only travel to nearby villages to shop , under the control of special guards. The standards were typical camp food , and residents were forced to work hard.
- " free the exiles "- were not forced to work , but they have to earn their livelihood in the new house , where he prevailed difficult living conditions.
A very dangerous military found the Kremlin settlers , Polish war veterans in 1920 who, in return for his services received from the authorities to give the earth in the Borderlands. it was also a threat of civilian colonists - Polish peasants , who bought the land attractive to the east , from the parcelling out of large estates . They usually had a high economic position and became active politically. Counsel against him, " the expulsion of settlers ' adopted 5.XII.1939 the Politburo of the VCP (b ) and Council of People's Commissars of the USSR. On 29 December RKL USSR approved on that basis the preliminary removal instructions and organization of places of their captivity . The decision of the local population supported the Soviet Ukrainian and Belarusian , who looked with distaste at the Polish landlords and ready to take over their lands
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