Parliament honours 'Soldier Bear'
Voytek the bear - Picture courtesy Imperial War Museum
Wojtek was taught to smoke and drink beer
A reception has been held in the Scottish Parliament in honour of a bear
which saw action in World War II.
Wojtek - dubbed the "Soldier Bear" - was adopted by Polish troops and helped
them carry ammunition at the Battle of Monte Cassino.
After the war he lived in Scotland at Hutton in Berwickshire, before ending
his days in Edinburgh Zoo.
Members of the Polish community, Hutton residents and ex-servicemen were
expected to attend the event.
Wojtek - also known as Voytek - was rescued as a cub in the Middle East in
The Polish soldiers adopted him and as he grew he was trained to carry heavy
The fact that a large bear could be trusted with humans to the extent he
played with children and enjoyed a bottle of beer made him unique
Wojtek Memorial Trust
When their forces were deployed to Europe the only way to take the bear with
them was to "enlist" him.
So he was given a name, rank and number and took part in the Italian
At the end of the war the bear - who had also learned how to smoke and drink
beer - was billeted at an army camp in the Scottish Borders.
When the Polish soldiers were demobilised he was taken to Edinburgh Zoo
where he eventually died in 1963.
Efforts are now being made by the Wojtek Memorial Trust to build a permanent
tribute to the bear.
Founder Aileen Orr said: "The story of Wojtek has only recently been raised
again throughout Poland and Scotland.
"The fact that a large bear could be trusted with humans to the extent he
played with children and enjoyed a bottle of beer made him unique.
"It is understood no bear can be tamed, but he was the exception."
The trust also aims to recognise the efforts of Polish troops and celebrate
the connections between their country and Scotland.
"We owe a great deal to them and, through the trust, we hope to erect a
memorial to celebrate his life, as well as to enhance the links between our
two countries," added Ms Orr.
Scots sculptor Alan Herriot has been commissioned to create the memorial.
He said: "I loved this story the minute I read it last year."
His idea to honour the bear was set to be put on show at the reception in
Holyrood on Wednesday evening.
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