in Krakow there took place another exhumation of Gen. Sikorski's
remains to find a proof whether he died in the so called ''Gibraltar
accident'' or his dead was the result of an agreement between
Roosevelt and Churchill.
is my translation of an article from:
General Sikorski died in an assassination.
Wladyslaw Sikorski [Prime
Minister of the Polish Government in Exile, Commander-in-Chief of
the Polish Armed Forces- translator's note],
was killed as a result of an assassination. There is no doubt
regarding this issue - agreed the members of the Polish Historical
Association in Warsaw.
accident in Gibraltar, where died General Sikorski, has been
provoked. This is no doubt - said historian Jerzy Lenartowicz and
added that "the death of Sikorski, as was established by the
German historian Alfred Schlick, was agreed between U.S. President
Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill."
For the Allies, Churchill and Roosevelt, who needed support of the
Red Army on the Eastern Front against the Germans, General Sikorski
was simply an obstacle to be removed - Lenartowicz stressed.
his view, the key to unravel the mystery of Sikorski's death is in
the archives of British intelligence, which had been classified by
London authorities till 2050,
am 77 years old and certainly I won't live that long to see this, if
the British say that they won't open the archives earlier, there
is no hope for me''- he said.
It was a deliberate murder, not an accidental disaster - said Prof.
Jerzy Maryniak, an engineer from the Polish Air Force Academy in
D�blin- In general there was no plane crash, the plane with General
Sikorski, just landed on water and not, as some would like, hit the
surface of the sea � he stressed.
According to witnesses, the plane remained on the surface about 10
minutes, and therefore he could not hit the water - Maryniak said. -
At the point of launching, the corpse flowed out, which, according
to a doctor who was present there, had no water in the lungs,
therefore it was not drowning. This means that the death occurred
before the passenger plane went into water � he explained.
big mistake - as pointed Maryniak - committed after the death of
General Sikorski, was the lack of remains of the other victims of
this tragic event.� - In our view, however, there was no crash,
and the bodies of victims have received treatment to imply the
accident- he pointed.
Wladyslaw Sikorski, together with his daughter and a group of his
colleagues died on 4 July 1943 in a plane crash in Gibraltar.
According to a report from the British Ministry of Aviation, the
cause of the disaster was in blocked lines of the airplane controls.
IPN has presented the results of the exhumation
[Instytut Pami�ci Narodowej-Komisja �cigania Zbrodni przeciwko
Narodowi Polskiemu; Eng.: Institute of National Remembrance -
Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation-
translator's note] and the Institute of Forensic presented the
results of the exhumation of the remains of General Wladyslaw
Sikorski. Death occurred as a result of multi-organic injuries;
General didn't die by strangulation, nor because of gunshot wound �
this is the conlcusion of the examinations.
the conference the IPN and the Institute of Forensic presented
drawings and computer models of the reconstruction of the General
Wladyslaw Sikorski's face. There was presented a three-dimensional
model of his skeleton. These visualisations have been generated on
the basis of about 2000 CAT scanner photos.
Sikorski's died because of injuries which were a
result of multi-organic trauma caused by a significant energy and
"do not oppose to accept the fact, that this was a disaster in
the air''- said Dr Tomasz Konopka.
due to multi-organic injury usually occurs quickly, in time measured
in minutes. In this case, the fact that the aircraft dipped in
water, in the mechanism of death, a drowning can be expected - he
Therefore, the conclusion that death occurred as a result of
Wladyslaw Sikorski multi-organic injuries, and thus the earliest
time of death took place when the aircraft hit the water,
considering any other ways of his death is groundless - the
said, "the autopsy results allow to reject the death caused by
other mechanisms, such as suffocation, or pressure on the neck area
or strangulation. - the neck organs were relatively well-preserved,
which couldn't take place in cases of strangulation murders -
can also exclude death due to gunshot injury or other wounds, for
example caused by cutting or chopping. Exclusion of such injuries is
possible due to the relatively well-preserved chest, abdominal parts
and the lack of the characteristic skull lesions - Konopka informed.
studies of the General's body
Skull injuries, broken ribs, cracked thigh and foot, broken
elbow and severe spine injury in the loins area- these were the
injuries which Wladyslaw Sikorski had suffered, agreed radiologists
taking part in the study of remains of the General.
the injuries were on the right side, only the skull was damaged on
the left - said Prof. Andrzej Urbanik who examined Sikorski's
X-ray examinations have shown some skull damage. One of them, as
Urbanik said, resulted in "communication with the brain area",
which means that a hole in the skull had occurred.In
addition, researchers have discovered fractures nearly of all ribs,
including some in several places. General had a broken thigh and few
bones in his right foot. He had a broken right elbow, right
collarbone, and severely damaged spine.
found transverse fracture of the lumbar vertebrae one through five,
that is all of them, because there are five lumbar vertebrae - said the
scientists: at 99.92 percent
this is Sikorski
have the results based on the genetic examination of the General
belongings- said Dr. Thomas Merchant. - We have secured bone tissue
fragments. Genetic material is in good condition, so we were able
to obtain the results of genetic testing � he added - Thanks to
these research, we are certain up to 99.92 percent that these remains
belong to the General- he stressed.
aircraft with General Sikorski was a breakdown or it was a "fiddle"
the death of General Wladyslaw Sikorski historians may still have
doubts - said the historian working for the Institute of National
Remembrance (IPN) Dr. Waldemar Grabowski.
this way, Grabowski referred to the opinion of the Katowice branch
of the IPN and the Institute of Forensic in Krakow on the causes of
death of General.
to reports, the general death was a result of injury to internal
organs, which occurred when the plane hit the water. According to
the IPN, there is no evidence against statement that General
Sikorski died in an air accident. It was also proved (among others
by means of DNA testing of bone fragments) that examined remains
belong to the General Sikorski.
Death of General Sikorski is not fully clarified. Question marks
still remain, we should continue to search for documents in the
British archives in particular - said the historian - We do not have
complete clarity that the British told us everything about the
circumstances of the death of General Sikorski in Gibraltar � he
his view, it is important to carry out the research in the German,
Russian and Spanish archives - We need to create the appropriate
conditions for a historian to not to go to Germany or Spain for a
week or month, but for the entire year. Only then can be found any
information, whether the intelligence services of these countries
have any documents about it- Grabowski explained.
The most important question remains open: whether the aircraft
disaster occurred as a result of independent technical reasons or
whether there was someone fiddling the airplane- Grabowski said. In
his opinion, the question will remain open for a long time and will
be for many historians a scope for speculation.
has been pointed out, despite the absence of answers to the most important
question in this case study, which was attended, among others, by
forensic specialists, "were needed and had a profound meaning."
Wladyslaw Sikorski (Prime Minister of the Polish Government in
Exile, Commander-in-Chief of the Polish Armed Forces) along with his
daughter and a group of collaborators (among them, Head of Chief of
Staff Tadeusz Klimecki) died on 4 July 1943 in a plane crash in
Gibraltar. It was a flight from Gibraltar to London, after Sikorski
ended the inspection of the Polish Army forces in the Middle East.
According to a report of 1943 from the British Ministry of Aviation,
the disaster was caused by blocked lines of the airplane controls.
3 September 2008� an IPN prosecutor from Katowice, Dariusz Psiuk,
initiated investigation of the death of General Sikorski and his
escort. In this investigation, there was a statement that there are
grounds to bring the hypothesis that Sikorski was killed as a result
of conspiracy. On 25 November 2008, after the exhumation, his
remains were carried to the section of the Department of Forensic
Medicine in Cracow.
the IPN branch in Szczecin refused to start an investigation on the
grounds that the general was killed in the crash, and not as a
result of an assassination.''
Gabriel Damaszk, Durham, UK
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