I basically agree with everything in this article. Except that part
about Hitler/Germany being friends with Stalin/Russia for two years
prior to WWII.
I think German/Hitler was friends with Stalin/Russia for several years
prior to start of WWII of Sept. 1, 1939.
Didn't the Peace Treaty of Versailles after Germany's Loss in WWI
limit Germany's Military size and strengths and weapons type, etc....
? As per web site:
I think that Germany developed weapons and trained it's soldiers
within Russia to get around this treaty several years prior to WWII of
--- In Kresy-Siberia@yahoogroups.com
, "Henry Sokolowski" <hsokol@...>
> An article originally published in 2005:
> French philosopher Paul Ricoeur noted in a recent book certain
> historic events are "over-remembered" while others are
> "under-remembered." The World War II story of the Soviet-Nazi
> friendship, and the ensuing fate of non-Germanic Central Europe,
> certainly fall into the second category.
> The Soviet-Nazi friendship was the immediate cause of World War II.
> Without Soviet Russia's approval and participation, Adolf Hitler would
> not have attacked Poland on Sept. 1, 1939. This friendship was sealed
> by the Stalin-Hitler Treaty of Aug. 23, 1939. The secret clauses of
> the Treaty divided the countries between Germany and Russia among the
> two powers. In September 1939, both Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia
> entered World War II on the same side. Only Hitler's insatiable desire
> for more conquest ended the two years of cooperation during which
> Stalin supplied Hitler with war commodities and even began
> restructuring the railway system in Central Europe so the goods could
> more easily flow to Nazi Germany.
> On Sept. 30, 1939, the official Soviet newspaper Pravda editorialized
> that "the German-Soviet friendship is now established forever. ...
> Both parties hope that England and France will stop their absolutely
> pointless war against Germany. ... Should England and France fail to
> do so, Germany and the Soviet Union will take the appropriate steps."
> Hitler's speeches were extensively quoted in the Soviet press in 1939,
> 1940 and 1941 (until June 22), and the commentaries were favorable. On
> Sept. 2, 1939, Pravda featured Hitler's Reichstag speech that held
> Poles rather than Germans had started the war. On Oct. 7, the paper
> quoted another Reichstag speech in which Hitler said the Polish state
> had no right to exist and was built "on the bones and blood of Germans
> and Russians." Neither the Germans nor the Russians failed to "pay
> back" for the alleged Polish trespasses: Jointly, they killed some 6
> million Polish citizens.
> On March 3, 1940, in Pravda Ia. Viktorov wrote the war "was concocted
> by the English and French imperialists who want to maintain their
> status in Europe."
> This went on for two years. But political "reptiles" seldom keep their
> word, and Hitler was the first to break the Soviet-Nazi Friendship
> Treaty. On June 22, 1941, he invaded the Soviet Union -- or rather, he
> invaded Poland for the second time, the part of Poland forcibly
> annexed to the Soviet Union in 1939.
> It is from this point on that Americans remember World War II. Six
> months later the United States entered the war. Now the entire world
> (except for Japan, Italy and a few more countries) stood up against
> Nazi Germany. German defeat was inevitable and, when it happened, our
> parents and grandparents cheered.
> Hitler deserved his fate. But in the joy after, Nazi Germany's most
> prominent friend, Stalin's Russia, was forgotten and replaced by Uncle
> Joe's Russia, a k a the West's ally.
> Stalin's Russia, however much it ultimately contributed to the war
> effort, remained a predatory state bent on enslaving other states. In
> 1945, just as the celebrations of the war's end were at their peak,
> Josef Stalin's poisonous grip on Central and Eastern Europe tightened,
> and remained tight even after he died in 1953. This grip was released
> only in spring 1989 when Solidarity was relegalized and semi-free
> elections were held in Poland. The Berlin Wall fell in November. Fifty
> years, two generations, tens of millions of wasted lives.
> On May 9, 2005, the "new Russia's" President Vladimir Putin pulled out
> all the stops in celebrating Stalin's victory. Cities throughout
> Russia have demanded erection of new monuments to Stalin. Jonas
> Bernstein of Russia Reform Monitor reported in April 2005 that among
> such cities is Oryol where the city fathers declared Stalin's butchery
> of Russian and foreign citizens has never been proven.
> While the death of the Nazi regime is just cause for celebration, it
> befits us to remember that for more than 200 million people, not
> counting the Russians themselves, the murderous grip of the Soviet
> Russian military continued for 50 long years.
> Not only were the lives of the two generations of Central Europeans
> wasted, hundreds of thousands perished in the Gulag or in the jails of
> Soviet-occupied countries through the 1940s and 1950s, while the West
> built its prosperity.
> Even after the exposure of Stalin's crimes in 1956, people continued
> fighting and dying to get rid their countries of the Russian army, to
> mention only the East German rising in 1954, the Hungarian rising in
> 1956, the Czech rising in 1968, and the risings of workers in Poland
> in 1970 and 1976, all the way to Solidarity. Unlike postwar Germany,
> the Russian Federation, which declared itself the Soviet Union's
> successor, has refused to symbolically apologize to neighboring
> countries for entering World War II on the Nazi side, for putting down
> the risings in countries it occupied in World War II, for damages and
> destruction done over a half-century of Soviet colonialism.
> The world leaders rushed to Moscow to celebrate the May 9 Russian
> victory. Such trips are of course politically expedient. Russia has a
> lot of natural gas, some oil and thousands of nuclear warheads.
> Political expediency is therefore the game of the day. But it should
> be noted that Russia celebrated Victory Day without a drop of apology
> or remorse for Stalin or for 50 years of military violence in Central
> and Eastern Europe.
> I therefore salute Lithuania's former President Vytautas Landsbergis
> who declined to join the May 9 Moscow celebrations and said his
> country had been invited "to celebrate its own captivity."
> EWA THOMPSON
> Professor of Slavic Studies
> Rice University