nt. The glads of The protection of The memory of Wars and Martyrdom
The glad Protection of The memory of Wars and Martyrdom it is social body, of which members - on 4-summer term of office - calls together The president of The advice of Ministers. The office of Advice OPWIM is state establishment directed by the permanent secretary (at the same time of member of Advice) realizing the legal causes of Advice. The activity of Advice OPWIM financed is from the people budget.
Glad OPWIM it presides prof W³adys³aw Bartoszewski. With the works of The office of Advice OPWIM manages from a few years her secretary is a Andrzej Przewo¼nik.
Glad OPWIM created she was on the power of seym law from 2 VII 1947 year, in same time, when originated museums on the ground of hitlerite camps of concentration Auschwitz-birkenau and on Maidan.
From 21 And 1988 year of The glad Protection of The memory of Wars and Martyrdom she functioned by The president of The advice of Ministers. From day 1 And 2000 year of Glad OPWIM it is under The culture minister.
The basic cause of Advice OPWIM it is thinking out and coordinating of every connected activity with commemorating of historic events and places as well as shapes in the history of wars and the martyrdom of Polish nation, equally in country just like abroad, and also of wars and the martyrdom of other nations on Polish territory. Glad OPWIM it is only in Poland organ interesting t± extraordinarily essential for nation Polish sphere.
To the causes of Advice it belongs in particular:
- Protection perform over the places of wars and martyrdom as well as commemorating connected with them of facts, of events and shapes,
- Inspiring as well as cooperation in organizing of circuits, feasts, of enterprises publishing and wystawienniczych, and also popularizing of places, of events and shapes historic connected with wars and martyrdom,
- The appreciation of estate, and lately also - in carriage to foreign countries - organizing and perform of protection over places and abiding objects of national memory, particularly over cemeteries and graves of war as well as with the cemeteries of the victims of totalitarian systems,
- Perform of functions advisory and protective over museums with the-places of memory, mainly in O¶wiêcimiu-brzezince, on Maidan, in Sztutowie, Rogo¼nicy, £ambinowicach, Radogoszczy, ¯abikowie,
- From 1998 year of Glad OPWIM she extended the range of activities about the problems of graves and cemeteries of war bing situated on territory RP. It concerns this also of the cemeteries of the of war soldiers of another nationality on ground Polish, of in particular the cemeteries of German soldiers.
Glad OPWIM it cooperates with The of a province Committees of The protection of The memory of Wars and Martyrdom acting on the ground 16 provinces. With the works of a province committees manages adequate territorially voivode.
From appointment to the half of years 80. Glad OPWIM she led mainly action of commemorating of appears and connected places with war and the martyrdom of Polish nation in the time OF II mundane war. Great deal attentions are sacrificed to museums rose on the grounds of former hitlerite camps of concentration. Thanks to efforts Glads OPWIM are created: State Museum Stutthof, State Museum Gross-rosen and The central Museum of Captives Of war in £ambinowicach-opolu; Are clasped also with protection and commemorated the grounds of the former hitlerite centers of extermination in Treblince, Sobiborze, Be³¿cu and Che³mnie n. Nerem.
In years 1947-87 in nothing but only the Warsaw are put 445 signs of connected memory with occupation hitlerite. Thanks to activities Glads OPWIM got up they also except the limits of Poland (np. The monument of Polish mariners in Narviku, boards and monuments on the grounds of former camps of concentration in Germany).
The end of years 80. He put before Glad new causes. Bent was "¿elazna curtain" which did not only split uses the knife Ascent and
The west of Europe, but equally hermetically she insulated from Polish grounds Connection Sowieckiego, in this ancient Eastern Borderland, on which - on our kilkuwiekowej there presence - it was situated great deal extraordinarily important places and the objects of affairs and Polish cultures. It is pretty to interchange the acreses of historic battles, numerous castles, in which arrived on world and resided Polish kings, birth places, activity and the deaths of outstanding Poles.
The most essential however - taking into account national and religious traditions - the objects of Polish memory on ascent are cemeteries, lodgings of war, graves and countless nieoznakowane graves rozsiane in the places of battles or felonies commited on soldiers and civilian Polish population, and also the graves of outstanding Poles.
Lastly years 80. Glad OPWIM she started the registration of places and the objects of memory, zebrano records on the subject of their present estate, are picked up works protecting, by years niepielêgnowanych, of and often purposely annihilated objects, and also works are reconstructive or architectural.
During the most important priority causes of Glad OPWIM she recognized the formation of Polish graves of war from years 1939-1945 as well as reconstruction of partly or quite worn out cemeteries of war (ok. 10 tys.).
Extraordinarily essential it happened here signing of government contracts about protection over graves and the places of the memory of the victims of wars and totalitarian repressions, wynegocjowanych with
the governments of Russian Federation, of Ukraine, Bia³orusi, Uzbekistanu, Kirgistanu and Kazachstanu. At the moment contract of such Glad OPWIM negocjuje with The republic of Federal Germany. In each change of Glad OPWIM she was aide and the co-author of contracts, during which realizations, from the authorize of authorities RP, it responds.
From 1988 year Glad OPWIM, according to the decision of sovereignty state, realized the program of commemorating of the victims of felonies katyñskiej inclusive in particular finding of remnants ok. 26 tys. Polish constables and officers WP assassinated by NKVD, the supplying documentary evidence of connected places with their martyrology, the exhumations of
remnants, elaboration of the lists of the victims of felonies, of the projects of cemeteries and nothing but greatest formation on grounds b. ZSRR Polish cemeteries of war in Katyniu, Miednoje and in Kharkov (Ukraine).
The service of Advice OPWIM is the reconstruction completely of zrujnowanego The cemetery of The defendants of Lvov, of the great deal cemeteries of Polish soldiers, insurgents November and January, the soldiers of September 1939 and National Army on ancient borderland eastern RP, today sovereign pañstw they rose on break-up Connection Sowieckiego. Only in the last time of Glad OPWIM she reconstructed 11 cemeteries of Polish soldiers and civilian population from Polish Army on Ascent gene. W Andersa on ground Uzbekistanu and 3 in Kazakhstan. With effort Glads OPWIM are renewed also the cemeteries of Polish displaced persons in Iran, in particular in Teheran, Pahlevi and Isfahanie. On route uchod¼czym are rebuilded cemeteries in India, to Africa of and other pañstwach this region of world.
Meaningless it is not also supporting, by The advice OF OPWIM initiatives publishing bringing near inglorious cards from history newest Polish, and also little known or also the inglorious objects of national memory in Poland and Polish in the world.
Glad OPWIM constantly it cooperates with partners, in particular in Russia, on Lithuania to and Ukraine, in Germany, Great Britannia metal, France, USA. Instytucjonalnie instead in particular with The committee of Congress USA ds. The protection of American Heritage With foreign countries, Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, Yad Vashem in Israel, VDK in Germany and with other foreign establishments.