Louise, I only know of Kherson( Cherson,... Hersona as well) from NKVD records obtained on my fathers arrest in January of 1940. I knew he had been taken to aMessage 1 of 2 , Feb 2, 2007View SourceLouise, I only know of Kherson ( Cherson,... Hersona as well) from NKVD records obtained on my fathers arrest in January of 1940. I knew he had been taken to a place near Odessa on the Black Sea ...but never knew exactly where. When I got the official records from Luck, near where he had been arrested in Wlodzimierz Wolynski ..I almost cried because finding out about Kherson brought me one step further in my search. Many Polish men, civilian and military that were arrested by NKVD with the outbreak of war in 1939 were transported to Kherson ....although information is sparse. My father said there were 660 men held between 3 floors in the building where they were kept prisoners. Messages were relayed between floors by a code on pipes. Where exactly this prison was in Kherson , I dont know. Finally in July of 1940 my dad was moved with a transport to Archangel to serve 5 years hard labour. My father was a civilian when arrested ..not military.Why were they transported to Kherson so far east?I would guess..because Kherson is in an inlet west of the Black Sea, near Odessa and an important port on the Black Sea and Dnieppe River. From the Black Sea , they easily could use barges for transferring the prisoners, if needed and the railines were an easy connection. The area of Odessa and Kherson was just a bit south from where all the prisoners of war from army regiments and the professional elites were imprisoned at the famed camps at Kozelsk, Ostashkov, and StarobelskOne important Pole General Mariusz Zaruski, was arrested in Lwow 1939 sent to prison in Kherson for 5 years and died while in prison from cholera in 1941.I would check on your dads arrestation in Lwow archives. Some info is available nowadays. Hope this helps a wee bit.There is a fortress in Kherson possibly a prison at one time not sure.Check out picture:http://members.virtualtourist.com/vt/s/?i=5&s=&m=6&l.l=ad65b&t=
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Dear Hania Thank you for the picture. The fortress looks a bit grim. I wonder. Yours is the first information I have received which seems to confirm theMessage 1 of 2 , Feb 3, 2007View SourceDear HaniaThank you for the picture. The fortress looks a bit grim. I wonder.Yours is the first information I have received which seems to confirm the Kherson scenario about my grandfather's removal and death. I am so grateful to you for this.According to Karta my grandfather was arrested on 9 April 1940, which accords with my grandmother's account. He was arrested at his home in Batory Street Lwow. The story goes that a young Russian girl came to the door asking for my grandfather and my father, who was 16 at the time, told her he was at home, not knowing that she was working for the NKVD. My grandfather had been in hiding for several weeks beforehand knowing the NKVD were looking for him (he was the editor of the Lwow Kurier, a nationalistic newspaper and a lawyer and nobleman) and had just returned home as he had the flu. He was arrested in light clothes and according to a verbal report from someone who knew my grandfather, died from pneumonia either in Kherson or on his way somewhere else in December 1940. My father, grandmother and grandfather were deported a week after his arrest and after several "resettled" Russian families had been moved into their home.Is it possible then that my grandfather and your father were in prison in Kherson at the same time? Do you know how they got there - by rail? Do you know how long it took them to get there? I have no idea how long he remained in Lwow after he was sentenced in May 1940 but I do know that all attempts by my grandmother to find out from authorities in Lwow where he was and what happened to him after he was arrested were met either with silence or shrugs so it seems probable that he was removed fairly swiftly.I am hoping there is more information in the Lviv archives.Louise BłażejowskaSydney, Australia
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