--- In Kresy-Siberia@yahoogroups.com
Gradosielska/Maczka Olsson" <elzunia@a...> wrote:
> 5 april 1921 was the date that 102 soldiers arrived at Osada
> Krechowiecka. The average size of plots was 11-13 ha and 2 ha
fields (laki). The whole osada was about 1500 ha.
> > pozdrowienia
To add to Elzunia's comments above, my grandfathers plot was also 11
hectares, but some plots occupied by officers were as large as 45
However, although the former soldiers first arrived in the vicinity
in April 1921 (following the Treaty of Riga, signed on 18th March
1921 - which formally ended the Polish-Soviet War), it was some time
before any plots or divison of land took place.
The following information is taken from the memoirs of a relative
(daughter I think?) of the regiment commander, my father is presently
in the process of slowly translating it when I cajole him
During that first year soldiers were either billeted in nearby
villages or a number camped in the open, complete with field
kitchens, waggons and their former army horses. Some communal fields
were prepared and seeds sown in an attempt to be in a position to
harvest some crops by the autumn.
That winter a number of men dug out underground shelters in which
they survived the freezing weather, along with the crops they had
managed to gather. It was not until 1922, that all of the plots were
eventually measured out and, due to pressure from the soldiers
themselves they were allowed 11 hectares on average (instead of the
originally envisaged 8 hectares).
It seems that the settlers were subjected to night raids and various
forms of harrassment in this first year, which resulted in the
Regiment Commander Boleslaw Podhorski deciding to confront local
Ukrainians in the nearby village of Kozlin. One sunday morning, he
rode alone into the village in full uniform (his escorts were told to
wait at the village edge),to meet the village head and Orthodox
Speaking to the crowd in their own language he appealed to them to
disown the criminal element amongst them and if so he would ensure
that 200 hectares of land would be made available for their use. If
not, he warned that he would return and solve matters by military
means. Remounting his horse he left them with the message "Ostawajtes
z Bohom" (I leave you with God). Following this personal
intervention, further difficulties with the locals was greatly
Most farm houses were built during 1922/3 and a dairy was established
in 1926, followed by two further additional dairies in 1930. By this
time 3,000 litres of milk were being processed daily.
The school and settlers centre were started in June 1929 and both
were finished in December of the same year, at a cost of 73,000Zl. A
health centre, complete with dentist, followed shortly afterwards
along with a church which was completed in 1936.
Things of course were soon to change...