THE CONNAUGHT JOURNAL
Galway, Thursday, December 2, 1824
STATEMENT OF DISEASE IN GALWAY
The most prevalent maladies in this town and neighbourhood for the last
year, are stated from the following Report of Dr. O'MALEY, whose practical
intercourse with them through the medium of the Dispensary, affords him an
unlimited facility of offering the most correct observations:
Fever has been on the decline; however, many cases have occurred
sporadicaly, and at least seven tenths, of the intermediate type, termed
Synochus, or simple continues; the remainder mild Typhus, with a few
instances of the malignant variety. Holding in mind the assertion of Sir
George Baker, that the science of Physic rarely admits of any perpetual
precepts, and the best of medicines do harm, if not adapted to the patient
as well as the disease; the treatment of these cases under his care have
been accordingly diversified, and with the most gratifying success.
Pneumonia, (inflammation of the lungs and its coverings,) has
occasionally existed; in subordinate train, Cattarh, with Pleuralgia, (pain
of breast, &c.) being exceedingly frequent; those have generally yielded in
the ordinary active treatment. A few cases of Pneumonia Typhoides (inflamed
lungs with Typhus fever) have also taken place during the autumn.
Inflammatory sore throat often presents itself, owing to the
vicissitudes of our atmosphere; and Hepatitis (liver complaint) is a
frequent assailant from the same cause, aerial inclemency, and another
powerful agent, immoderate spirituous potation.
That Morbid Proteus Rheumatism, acute or chronic, doth constantly
uphold a relentless sway, and concentrates, in many individuals, the keenest
pangs of enfeebled humanity.
"A subtle fiend that mimicks all the plagues,
" Rapid and restless, springs from part to part."
Dispepsia (indigestion) and Corrdialgia (spasmodic pain of stomach) in
its different varieties, have been, and must be, incessantly frequent in
occurrence, until the vapid and scanty food of our squalid poor be succeeded
by a more generous and abundant, and the depressing cassius under which they
dwindle, fade before the consolatory prospect of emelioration. Of all
diseases which engage the attention of Nosologists, Dysentery & Diarhoea
have for the last months stalked with m?? relentless gripe through these
wretched domiciles of incomprehensible misery, the hovels of the poor.
These diseases, so different in their nature, have been principally
excited by the same causes, namely, no wholesome diet, and deficiency of
warm vesture; dysentery indubitably becoming contagious among them, from the
limited extent and offensive uncleanliness of their dwellings. This
circumstance is worthy of remark, as the Dysentery of these latitudes is
seldom contagious, unless under the conditions already mentioned, or when
concomitant with epidemic Typhoid affections.- Colic is a malady that next
in order rears is stand and among the indigent; frequent cold and wet and
indigestible esculents act as its occasional causes; in many instances it
has yielded its grasp in the last mentioned genus Dysentery, and in a few
has been the precursor of a more certain harbinger of death, Enteritis
(inflammation of the bowels.)
The Cholera of our clime, though comparatively imbecile to that of the
southern part of the Asiatic region, is a formidable malady, that has
occasionally occurred during the estival and autumnal seasons, but in an
immediate and decisive practice has invariably yielded.
Hoemophilis (spitting blood) often appears here, but when unconnected
with any other affection, is seldom fatal. It, or inflamed lungs, sometimes
is a variety of consumption named Inposthumutous, Phthisis, which, with
another variety (Tubercular) have occurred here within the last year much
less frequently than could be expected from the vicissitudes of atmospheric
temperature. It has been computed that in England this disease carries off
one-fourth of the population, in Paris, one-fifth, in Vienna, one-sixth,
while in Russia it is by no means common, and in tropical climates still
less so, from the greater uniformity of their atmosphere, either frigid or
torrid. Asthma also constantly presents itself, and unless when produced
from malformation, is generally a senile disease, sometimes closing its
career with the induction of others.
Dropsy is a malady that the most inattentive observer must at some
period have remarked in its populous precinct; in truth, it is one of
frequent occurrence among the lower class, because it is for the most part a
disease of debility. We usually find that it has been preceded by some
species of protracted fever, and in other instances nurtured by an abuse of
ardent spirits, inanition, hard labour and a long exposure to wet and cold,
which, sapping the constitutive vitality of the frame, induce affections of
the stomach, and more particularly the liver, wherefore the digestive organs
becoming frail, institute in various ways the complaint in question. Here
these lines of Horace may be pertinently cited-
Nec-misi causa morbi
Fugerit venis, et aquasus albo.
It being obvious that the privations which the Pauper victims of this
disease must endure in point of regiment and other comforts, will constantly
uphold a portentous barrier to the general success of the most judicious
sanative process, although in some instances recoveries have been achieved.
In closing this brief detail of the most prevalent diseases of adults,
it is requisite to notice that many varieties of cutaneous affection exist,
as if fostered among the lower order, while various other species of malady
appear so frequently, that a distinct report of them, through the medium of
a Newspaper, would be prolix and irksome to the reader. Another opportunity
shall be taken to illustrate the most prevalent diseases of females and
DISCOVERY OF THE NOTES ROBBED from the TULLAMORE POSTBOY.
A person named Bernard Sheridan, of rather suspicious appearance, was
taken up a few days ago in Loughrea by Serjeant Telford, of he Police,
stationed there, who immediately took him to this Town; but suspecting that
he might have been concerned in the above robbery, discovered the home in
which his wife resided, at the West Suburbs, and there found on her person
upwards of 500l. in notes, the numbers of which exactly correspond with
those given in the notice of reward. Great praise is due to the above active
Officer, through whose agency we are persuaded more of the notes taken will
yet be had.
This morning, in High-street, Samuel Ruxton, Esq., Attorney- a gentleman
extremely regretted by his friends and acquaintance.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News