From Early India by Romila Thapar:
"A point of culmination is the war at Kurukshetra, described in the
Mahabharata, which acts as another time-maker, after which the present
cycle of time - the Kaliyuga - commences. The date for this is given
in the form of a planetary configuration. It was calculated many
centuries later for astronomical purposes, probably by Aryabhata, and
is equivalent to 3102 BC. There seems to have been a conflation of the
date for the Kaliyuga with the date for the war, as 3102 BC would be
far too early for such a war and would be in conflict with historical
evidence suggesting a later date"
Here is an article by Nandita Krishna on the excavations in Dwaraka.
Some paragraphs from it
Bet Dwaraka was an island frequented by Krishna who is said to have
visited its Shankhodara Temple. It also contains the only ancient
temple for Matsya, the epic saviour of the world at the time of the
Great Flood. The materials discovered at Dwaraka corroborate history
and myth, and fix a date for the inundation of the city between
and 1300 BC
Underwater exploration yielded two gateways, fort walls, bastions and
a jetty at a depth of 10 metres off Dwaraka, in the Arabian Sea. Apart
from corresponding to the Mahabharata's description of the
architectural features of the city and the mode of its submergence, it
has directly fixed a date by TM for the pottery of Dwaraka at 3520
years BP (Before Present).
--- In IndiaArchaeology@yahoogroups.com, "rkk" <rkk@N...> wrote:
> Is it relevant in the debate on the chronology of the Bharata battle
> Indraprastha, said to be founded at the time of the battle, is
> archaelogically believed to a PGW site?
> Rajesh Kochhar
> > Astronomical Evidence: In the Mahabharata references to sequential
> > solar and lunar eclipses as also references to some celestial
> > observations have been made. Dr RN Iyengar, the great scientist of
> > Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, examined relevant
> > and searched for the compatible dates by making use of planetarium
> > software (PVIS and EZC). He concluded that most of these
> > were internally consistent and that the eclipses and celestial
> > observations of Mahabharata belong to the period 1493 BC-1443 BC
> > Indian History, (refer Indian Journal of History of
> > Science/38.2/2003/77-115).
> > In the Mahabharata, there are references to three sequential solar
> > eclipses and some other planetary positions. Reference to the
> > solar eclipse comes in the Sabha Parva (79.29), graphically
> > described by Vidur when Pandavas start their journey to the forest
> > on being banished for 12 years of life in exile and one year of
> > incognito after they had lost everything in the game of dice.
> > 13 years of exile and incognito life, the Pandavas returned to
> > Hastinapur and demanded their kingdom back, but Duryodhana
> > Several efforts to prevent war failed and war became imminent.
> > There is a reference to the second solar eclipse in the Bhisma
> > (3.29), following a lunar eclipse occurring within the same
> > fortnight a few days before the actual war of Mahabharata. These
> > eclipses occurred after 14-15 years of the first solar eclipse The
> > epic also refers to some unfavourable planetary positions between
> > the second solar eclipse and the beginning of the war on Kartika
> > Purnima (Bhisma Parva 3.14 to 3.19). On Kartika Krishna Ashtami,
> > Saturn was near Rohini and Mars was between Jayestha and Anuradha.
> > Twenty two days later, on Kartika Purnima, Saturn was near Rohini,
> > Mars was near Jayestha (probably Uranus) was between Citra and
> > Another white planet (possibly Jupiter) had moved from
> > to Uttar-bhadra. Reference to the third solar eclipse comes in the
> > Mausala Parva (2.19 to 2.20) occurring in the 36th year of the
> > Mahabharata War. This was visible from the city of Dwarka, which
> > stated to have been subsequently submerged under the sea. For
> > observations to be internally consistent, there should have been
> > three solar eclipses within 50 years. The first one and the second
> > one after a gap of 14-15 years should have been visible from
> > Kurukshetra whereas the third solar eclipse should have been
> > from Dwarka after 35 years of the second one.
> http://www.indianest.com/astro/00325.htm (gist given here)
> · The epic states that a singularly ominous pair of eclipses
> occurred in "Thirteen days" some time before the war. Using modern