FNS: Tijuana and Méxicali Domestic Abuse
Date: 11/11/2002 3:03:15 PM Pacific Standard Time
Between January 1, 2002 and November 8, 2002 more than 7,000 cases of domestic abuse were reported in Tijuana and more than 5,000 cases were recorded in Méxicali. These figures are based on calls made to the 066 emergency phone number in these cities (the US equivalent would be 911).
In Tijuana, the high level of interfamily violence led to the creation of the Unidad Contra la Violencia Doméstica (Anti Domestic Violence Unit, UCVD) in March, 2002, according to the Tijuana newspaper Frontera (no relationship to FNS).
Olivia Margarita Vidal Plata, the head of the UCVD, said that domestic violence in Tijuana had increased in the months before March so the city created the UCVD to respond to the cases.
Between March and October, 2002, the UCVD sent 240 cases to the Ministerio Público for further investigation.
While Tijuana and Méxicali law enforcement get approximately 1,300 calls per month related to domestic abuse, the actual number is much higher. A study performed by Mexico's social service system, Desarrollo Integral de la Familia (DIF), found that 76% of domestic abuse victims did not report the abuse they received to law enforcement.
In that same study done by DIF's Centro de Atención Social de la Mujer y Orientación Familiar, 128 victims of interfamily violence were interviewed. Of the victims, 95% were women and 5% were men. The form of abuse was 32% verbal, 28% emotional, 22% physical, 10% economic, 5% sexual and 3% mixed. Of those that were abused, 51% were married, 25% were living together but were not married, 12% were separated from their partner, 6% were divorced, and 6% were single.
Source: Frontera (Tijuana), November 11, 2002. Article by Said Betanzos & Manuel Villegas
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