Greetings from Bogdan!
This was posted by Mistress Annaleni di Corsini, reposted for your
pleasure with her permission (another person whom I am looking forward to
meeting come August). The "attached" 1508 picture was scrubbed by NDSU,
so I don't have it to attach. Sorry.
....period sources for decorative metal rings for the lacing of Ital Ren
Pre 1500 http://www.arengario.net/momenti/imm/momenti04d.jpg
There are a good dozen other paintings of the same type, which does give the
initial impression there were many pictures of such closures, but many of
those are similar enough that they were likely copied from (or at least
inspired by) a single original work; most but not all are by Crivelli. The
details of the clasps change from picture to picture, sometimes being plain
gold rings and sometimes decorative, but less opulent, pieces. Generally
speaking, the dressier the gown is in fabric, the more decorative the
I had another good example from this period that wasn't Crivelli but my
computer ate the first version of my letter along with all the links, and I
can't find that one again. Will post it if I figure out where it was.
Interesting mix of Portugese, Spanish and Italian elements, in this Italian
painting of a Portugese betrothal party. Opulent gold closures on the
center figure appear to have two rings each. Note they are are arranged
across a wide opening through which the chemise shows, in exactly the manner
imitated by the green dress (below)
Decorative metal disks pierced by the lacing holes
1508 (attached jpg)
I find this one very interesting. The actual lacing rings are simple gold
rings, but the metalwork embroidery of the gown is designed to mimic more
opulent fastenings, almost as if there were crivelli-style metal clasps.
There are other versions of this picture as well. Note that it mirrors
exactly the style and proportion of outfit in the example from 1502
In summary: There is some visual evidence of this style existing in Italy in
the early 1500's, though not a lot. If you assume that all the Crivelli
paintings stem from a single source, then the evidence of a smiliar style
before 1500 is scarce. If you believe that the variations in Crivelli's
different versions of the Maddalena reflect styles he had actually seen on
women's dresses, then it's documented better.
Annalena di Corsini
Jeffrey S. Heilveil, Ph.D.
Department of Biological Sciences
North Dakota State University
Fargo, ND 58105