I have not accomplished much in Persian period research, thus I incorrectly described this cylinder after I read a few web pages about it this morning. Thanks for correcting me. I have read Layard's writtings and one rare book published by Rassam. Layard was a self-educated archaeologist and author who later won a seat in the British parliament.
David Q. Hall
From: Peter T. Daniels <grammatim@...
Sent: Wednesday, August 5, 2009 11:19:10 AM
Subject: Re: [ANE-2] Persia, Egypt, Babylon
The Cyrus Cylinder is not in Old Persian. Old Persian was never written on clay.
(One exception has turned up among the tens of thousands of Persepolis Fortification Tablets.)
The first treatment of the (Babylonian) text of the Cyrus Cylinder was published by H. C. Rawlinson in JRAS n.s. 12 (1880): 70-97.
Peter T. Daniels grammatim@verizon. net
>From: David Hall <dqhall59@yahoo. com>
>To: ANE-2@yahoogroups. com
>Sent: Wednesday, August 5, 2009 8:41:06 AM
>Subject: Re: [ANE-2] Persia, Egypt, Babylon
><while in Babylon -- a city where Darius held court and which served as a de
><facto capital of the Persian Empire -- there is a "painful" (Briant) absence
><of such evidence. Apparently no one on ANE sees anything wrong with the
><picture of Darius the lawgiver reforming legal codes in Egypt, but not in
><Babylon. No one sees a problem with Darius leaving inscriptions in
><Babylonian at Behistun, but not in Babylonia.
>The Cyrus II cylinder was found in Babylon. It is in the collection of the British Museum. This clay cylinder was written in Old Persian.
>The cylinder is a record of the conquest of Babylon in 539 and the Persian king's policy of sending people who were taken captive from their homelands by the Babylonians back to their homelands.
>The cylinder was found in 1879 in the ruins of the city of Babylon by Hormuzd Rassam, a Mesopotamian Christian, who had been trained by Henry Austen Layard while working for the British Museum during the excavation of Nineveh.
>The evidence for the Persian occupation of Babylon was found in an obscure place by doing a two minute google search. One should remember not to overlook the obvious.
>David Q. Hall
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