To evolve as an online resource and a technical mechanism for the creation, submission, archiving, and accessing of Indian doctoral theses, the Ford Foundation supported the Mysore University's Vidyanidhi project specifically for focusing on dissertations in Social and Human Sciences in Indian universities. This pilot project begun in 2000 with support from the Government of India NISSAT, and DSIR, and demonstrated the feasibility of e-Theses program in India. With financial support from the Ford Foundation as well as Microsoft India, it is evolving as a National Initiative. Vidyanidhi is a member of the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD- http://www.ndltd.org)- a global initiative with more than 170 members from different countries.
This is a very useful researchable online database that makes available Ph.D. theses accepted in Indian universities. Theses can be searched by title, subject, contributor, supervisor, language, university and year of award. Vidynidhi also prepare the doctoral students in e-publishing, e-scholarship and digital libraries by offering training programs and online tutorials. For further details please visit:
Think Like a Web Page: 5 Tips for Smarter Search Engine Searching Rita Vine, Workingfaster.com September, 2003
Even serious web searchers turn to their favorite search engine for quick-and-dirty retrieval of good-enough information. Search engines are easy, fast, and deliver information for practically any query. When searchers think about web searching, they usually have a topic in mind, and input keywords that represent their topic into the search box.
For certain types of searches, this habit of keyword-as-topic searching in search engines is good enough. When you want to find something that you know is on the web already, typing in keywords that represent the thing you want —say, the name of an association or organization ("special libraries association") -- will usually turn up the web site of the organization or group within the first 10 results. Searches for distinctively-named things usually result in that "aha!" moment in web searching, when you can look at a results page and, without even clicking on the link, know simply from the title and excerpt that this is the page to go to.
For more general topical searches, particularly those with flexible terminology (e.g. health of Canada’s aboriginal peoples; laws restricting tobacco advertising) keyword-as-topic searching is less successful. True, a search of laws smoking advertising will likely turn up results, but the searcher is always left wondering what they missed.
A portion of what the search engine searcher misses is invisible web documents which can’t be indexed by search engine spiders. But many web pages that are indexed by a search engine might be left undiscovered simply because the keywords searched weren’t the ones that actually appeared on the relevant web page. Most searchers respond to this by trying other search terms, with similar results. By using methods that constantly bring up the same pages over and over again, searchers think they found everything on a topic, give up or run out of time.
Think like a web page
Don’t enter the keywords that represent your subject – instead enter the keywords that you think ought to appear on pages that will be relevant to your search.
For example, if you’re looking for the definition of hatha yoga, you might have better luck searching the phrase "hatha yoga is" than the keywords hatha yoga. By thinking like a web page, you considered that a definition of hatha yoga might include the phrase "Hatha yoga is ..." followed by a definition. In the second example, you’re betting that a definition of hatha yoga includes the word definition – something that the creator of the web page might not necessarily include.
Beware of using geographic qualifiers as keywords.
Travel sites make good use of geographic words because place names are essential components of travel web pages. But many information sites unrelated to travel – like education, government sites, and business directories for a region – don’t necessarily use geographic qualifiers on all web page links.
Many searchers outside of the U.S. try to qualify their searches with a country, region, or city in order to narrow their results to pages from that region. But if you think like a web page, you’ll know that not all web page creators think about putting a place name indicator in the page content. And even if they did, they might put in the country’s 2-letter abbreviation rather than the full name. If you really need to find resources from a particular country, avoid search engines in favor of regional directories and, for businesses, web-based yellow page listings.
Think carefully before using phrase searching.
Phrase searching, which is accomplished in most search engines with the use of "double quotations" surrounding the phrase (e.g. "to be or not to be") can be a great way of restricting your results. But it should only be used for terms where the words are not normally separated, typically proper names of organizations or associations (e.g. "sierra club").
Even proper names encased in phrases like "george bush" would miss any reference to George W. Bush. Proximity searching, which would enable more flexible phrase searching to within x words, isn’t always possible with search engines. At this writing, only AltaVista contains a NEAR-TO search function. Google allows a rudimentary version of proximity searching within phrases ("george * bush" would retrieve results with george separated from bush by exactly one word).
Consider using domain-name and doc-type limits when appropriate.
The Advanced Search feature of Google enables searchers to limit retrieval of their search keywords to selected domain names (including top-level domains) as well as document types. Limiting by domain names or top-level domains can be a good way of removing .com web sites from a search. If you’re primarily interested in scholarship on a topic, consider limiting to .edu sites (which will limit to US higher education domains), but recognize that this is a rudimentary and often unsatisfactory way of narrowing results.
Thinking like a web page might lead you to think that statistics on a certain topic might be available as Excel spread sheets, or that user guides to using OVID online might appear as Adobe PDF files. In either case, you can use Google’s advanced search template to limit a simple keyword search to specific document types.
Remember, no matter how hard you try, the search engine will win.
It’s important to remember just how commercial even the best search engines are. Search engines are businesses first and search tools only incidentally. They make their money by selling advertising – and lots of it. In the long run, this advertising affects the way all of us think about search resources and also dramatically affects the rank ordering of links on a search engine’s results page.
In Google, for example, PageRank (Google’s algorithmic ranking scheme) favors pages that are linked often by other pages on the web. So Google is really delivering the most popular pages, not the most relevant pages as is generally believed. The ability of web pages to reach the top of a search result list approximates a power law, where a relatively small number of sites receive the majority of links. The competition for links on the web is fierce in certain areas, particularly entertainment, consumer electronics, and publications. For more information and some science on the impact of that competition on search results, see David Pennock et al, "Winners don’t take all: Characterizing the competition for links on the web, " Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 99(8): 5207-5211 (April 2002). A summary of findings is available at http://modelingtheweb.com.
I am sure you would be pleased to learn about the bold step of APEAM (Academy of Education Planning and Management). They have recently changed the name of their Library to acknowledge the services of Chief Documentation Officer (Late M.H. Shabab). I believe it a commendable performance on part of APEAM and there’s no doubt it is recognition of work. For detail visit the site mentioned below.
Here is a Sad News that Father of Mr. Shah Farrukh (Resource Coordinator (Librarian) SDPI, Islamabad) has gone to his Real life journey. Inna Lilah e Wa Inna Ileyh e Rajeeoon, May Allah give rest his Soul in Jannat-ul-Ferdose and patience to his family. Amin
His funeral will say today December 8, 2003 at 1:30 pm at Mr. Farrukh’s Residence Shahzad Town, Jaamiya Masjud, Check Shahzad, Islamabad.
I am pleased to enclose the table-of-contents of Computers in Libraries, Vol. 23, No. 10, 2003 for your information and use.
Please feel free to write for print copy of the article(s) you are interested in...
Try Today's Hip Technology: Portable Flash Drives If you're searching for flashy new technology, look no further than today's hot key chain drives. Able to hold incredible amounts of information in a small, extremely portable format, these devices could be the drives of the future. Don't be a flop; learn about these flashes right away! by Daniel Fidel Ferrer
The Librarians' Quest: Transforming the Printed Word So That All May Read In the past, brave souls would go on quests, trying to win assistance and equality for people who deserved it. It's good to know that's still happening today. Bands of librarians are toiling to make printed works more accessible for the impaired by seeking better formats for audiobooks. Here, they share their tales of success as well as word of what they haven't yet been able to overcome. by Lori Bell, Sharon Ruda, and Tom Peters
Building a Home for Library News with a Blog Have you decided to join the blogging craze? You can buy software packages to start Web logs, or rent server space, but you can also build your own if you want something customized. Like choosing a new house, you'll want to explore all your options—renting, buying, or building—before you decide. If you prefer the latter, as these authors did, use their experience to guide your building plan. by Doug Goans and Teri M. Vogel
The View from the Top Left Corner May We Have the Envelope, Please? by Michael Schuyler
The Systems Librarian Instant Messaging: It's Not Just for Kids Anymore by Marshall Breeding
Online Treasures Here a Blog, There a Blog, Even the Library Has a Web Log by Janet L. Balas
Building Digital Libraries Born to Blog by Terence K. Huwe
Techman's TechPage Memory, Access, and Portability by D. Scott Brandt
I am please to enclose the following interesting article for your use.
The article below introduces several USB hard drives or removable flash disk drives that computer users can use as data storage devices. Capacity of 2003 released USB hard drives; Description of the shapes of recently released USB hard drives; Feature of USB hard drives during the early introduction of the technology.
Wanna work smarter and stay hip, and do both without taking time to master yet another new technology? Now you can have all three wishes with 'way cool' pocket-sized flash drives!
I want to tell you about a new technology called a flash drive. Sometimes these are called USB hard drives or more specifically pen drives, key chain drives, key chain memory, pocket drives, thumb drives, USB mini-drives, USB Memory Keys, or simply removable flash disk drives. They are best described as portable hard drives that flu on a key chain or in your pocket, and you simply plug them into USB ports, where they're automatically recognized as another external drive and are ready to use in seconds. I'll explain how they can be quite handy in your libraries.
Today, these tiny (3-inch, 1-ounce) flash drives can hold from 8 megabytes (MB) to 2 gigabytes (GB) of data. The data is held in memory, so there are no moving mechanical parts to break, and they are faster than floppy diskettes or Zip drives, flash drives are made from solid-state chips that are nonvolatile, which means the drive does not need electrical power to hold its content over time (no batteries). Students and patrons are already using these "way cool" devices, and once you discover them, you'll want them too.
How do they work? Flash drives use hot plug-and-play, so once plugged in to a port, you can use the new drive just as you would use any other disk: Create folders, copy, paste, and delete files just as you would on your hard drive. Plus, you can plug a flash drive in when your computer is already turned on, and once you are done simply remove the device from the USB port; there is no need to reboot. Flash drives work with Windows 98/2000/ME/XP, Mac (OS 9.x or greater), and Linux Kernel version 2.4. (It is better to use a flash drive for transferring files and backing up small files daily than to use it for hacking up large sections of your hard drive; CD-R or DVD-R is better media for large backups.)
Flow did I get into using flash drives in the library at Central Michigan University? We have more than 300 patron computers in the university library with complete Internet access and a full suite of Microsoft Office applications, including MS Word for doing research papers. We have had students lose their assignments and exam papers because their floppies stopped working. (I can tell you, students are not happy when 10 hours of their hard work is on an 80-cent diskette that dies.) Also, as students create bigger projects and use more multimedia, their work will no longer fit on a single floppy. Our general solution had been to have students burn CD-Rs. Then library staff started looking for other solutions and found out how nifty flash drives were.
My systems department purchased four flash drives in November of 2002; each held between 16 and 64 megabytes of data. We started testing to see if they would work for us. We tested the drives to find out how they would react to the cold by leaving them in a car overnight in our Michigan winter. No problem with cold. (The official specifications say the actual operating temperature is 32 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit, which is better than a standard computer.) In our circulation department, I took a flash drive and passed it through the book demagnetizer and security gates and found that it still worked. And since these inexpensive devices are supposedly shock-resistant to 1000G (1,000 times Earth's gravity; equal to the impact of dropping the device onto concrete from about 1.5 meters) and vibration-resistant to 150,1 bounced one off the floor a couple of times, and nothing happened. Most flash drives are also moisture-proof, though only a few vendors claim that their drives are actually waterproof. There is generally a 5-year warranty for flash drives, but this type of memory is normally rated for memory retention for 10-plus years. (Incidentally, flash drives are altitude-rated to 80,000 feet. Who got to do that test?)
After we finished testing, the next step was to train staff to use the drives. The "training" was really just three simple steps:
Find the USB port on the computer and plug the flash drive into it.
Wait for Windows to find the new hardware (normally, less than 10 seconds).
Find the removable drive under My Computer, then open the drive and start moving files.
Using them was so easy that everyone quickly adapted. Now we're using them for all sorts of applications:
• We currently have more than 70 different software applications running in our libraries and most of the software updates and patches do not come on CD but are downloaded from the Internet. So when we want to transfer the updates to other computers, we use flash drives to move the files. This has become very typical for us.
• We have student assistants scan graphical images to add to our Web sites, and the images are much larger than a 1.44-megabyte floppy diskette can hold. So the assistant scans the graphics at one computer that has a scanner, then uses a flash drive to transfer them to the computer where the Web design is happening.
• Also, our student assistants need passwords to access our 150 staff microcomputers when they are working on problems or installing new software. At one time we printed a password list for the student assistants to carry with them; now we keep it on a flash drive that is password-protected.
• We've found other uses for this new tool. One of our staff members is making backup CDs of our book orders and acquisition information to take home with her. The information is already backed up in a variety of ways on the server, but the complexity of the backup makes us worry about retrieving the information. So we are purchasing another flash drive for this application. (There is a certain psychological security in taking critical data home with you.)
• Another librarian keeps a book project on a flash drive, and I have been putting this article on flash to carry it home with me.
As more librarians and staff began to see how easy flash drives were to use, we started buying more of them with bigger capacity. The 16- and 32-megabyte models seem old-fashioned now because the last four we've purchased have all been 256 megabytes.
Flash drives have overcome many of the shortcomings of other storage media. For instance, there are several key problems with Zip technologies: They can be difficult to install and have moving parts that can break. And for college students, both the disks and the drives are expensive.
Floppy diskettes are extremely delicate--sensitive to heat, cold, and water. They contain flimsy film and moving parts. Students easily damage floppies by leaving them in their cars overnight in their backpacks. Furthermore, many computers are no longer shipping with floppy drives but rather with a CD-RW as standard. But flash drives could become ubiquitous, since newer computers do come with USB ports. and you can purchase USB hubs with more ports. Flash drives also eliminate the extra expense of adding Zip drives to all the computers you use. Finally, the flash drives are faster than either floppy or Zip disks.
Because of all these advantages, lye been talking with our university book store managers about having them sell flash drives to the students. [Just before press time, the bookstore did start selling them.] Getting 19,000 students to change from floppies to flashes overnight is unlikely. but the future is moving in that direction. One of our mathematics professors has already required his students to buy flash drives for class projects, and the mathematics department has new Apple computers without floppy or Zip drives, so students are purchasing flash drives to download their information.
A little research confirms that flash technology is emerging in a big way. Market forces will make flash more widespread than Zip, since more computers have universal interfaces and USB ports. Since you can store music files on flash drives, this may help push the market. And prices have dropped, especially for the flash drives using the USB 1.1. When I wrote this article in August, the price from Gateway for a 16-MB flash drive was $20, a 32-MB was $30, and a 64-MB was $47. From a media superstore, I recently purchased a 256-MB USB 2.0 flash drive for $79 (with the added feature of a full aluminum casing). The 256-MB storage is equivalent to 177 floppy diskettes' (3.5-inch, 1.44-MB) worth of data--and all that information now fits in your pocket! In January 2003, the Iomega 256 started at over $160, and now it is listed at $54. Currently, there are 64-MB flash drives (which store the equivalent of 44 floppy diskettes) priced at $19.
I remember when I was working on an IBM XT with a 10-MB hard drive, which was considered to be large back then. Now a 10-MB hard drive is at the low end of the spectrum even for flash storage devices. More than 100 different vendors make flash drives now, and according to Semico Research, production was 10 million units in 2002 and will grow to 50 million units by 2006 (Electronics News, Nov. 2002).
Here are some specific predictions on the future directions of flash drive technology. PC World recently did performance testing on five flash drives ("Put It in Your Pocket." August 2003, pp. 107-108) and found one with a small onboard CPU that was four-times faster than some of the other flash drives of the same size (diskonkey.com). I expect password protection tools. We librarians and our patrons will and small onboard CPUs will become standard on flash drives for security and speed. In the Apple world, where they use FireWire connections, I expect we will see FireWire 800 flash drives, which will be exceptionally fast indeed. And instead of getting smaller, I think that flash drives will be made tougher and more water-resistant.
As PDAs, telephones, and other mobile devices continue to get smarter, flash drives will be used to contain and transfer our information among all of these electronic tools. We librarians and our patrons will start making extensive use of flash drives for the computers in our libraries.
PHOTO (COLOR): New storage is no longer square. Is this the shape of things to come?
PHOTO (COLOR): Caps off to expose the part that plugs in
PHOTO (COLOR): This floppy holds 1.44 megabytes, while this flash holds 256! (In other words, this flash can hold the equivalent of 177 floppies.) Amazing, isn't it?
By Daniel Fidel Ferrer
Daniel Fidel Ferrer is head of the library systems department at Central Michigan University's Charles V. Park Library in Mount Pleasant, Mich. In 2002, as part of a building upgrade project, he added over 500 computers to the library. Ferrer holds an M.S.L. and M.S. in information science from Western Michigan University. His e-mail address is Daniel.Ferrer@....
Copyright of Computers in Libraries is the property of Information Today Inc. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. Source: Computers in Libraries, Nov/Dec2003, Vol. 23 Issue 10, p10, 5p Item: 11268571
I am pleased to enclose the following interesting article for your information and use.
This article analyzes the future of books in the digital age. Increase in electronic books and electronic publishing; Issues concerning the concept of intellectual property in the digital age; Historical significance of printed books; Change in the physical form of books.
The book is still thriving in the digital age, but the physical entity that contains information, inspiration, and ideas is being transformed by the technology that was supposed to replace it. A scholar studying the history of technology looks at two alternative futures: one with books and one without.
It was widely believed in the 1990s that the end of the book was near. But if books (and print in general) are dying or dead, why do book sales continue to remain brisk? E-books and other digital products have hardly made a dent in the book market.
The paperless office--the supposed harbinger of the end of the book--has yet to emerge. In fact, offices are actually using more paper, according to researchers Abigail J. Sellen and Richard H.R. Harper.
While the end of the book remains a plausible scenario of the future, this is far from inevitable. Indeed, rather than hastening the end of the book, computers and other new technologies may in fact be enhancing our ability to produce and distribute printed books, ensuring that books will continue to be a part of our future.
Among the forces driving the future of the book are the availability of specific digital technologies, the preferences of consumers, and the economics of information. The future of the book, I believe, will largely be determined according to which model of the economics of information emerges: Either books will disappear as a viable technology because digital information becomes a "commons," or they will remain a vital information technology because the concept of intellectual property will remain in place.
If we truly live "in the late age of print," as literary theorist Jay David Bolter posited in 1991, this will be because the production and distribution of written words will increasingly migrate into cyberspace. Instead of holding a physical object, readers would be looking at a screen, which would replace the page as our interface with written language. This screen need not be the computer monitor that currently sits on our desk; handheld e-books may well be that interface. These devises may soon have the capabilities of wireless technologies, meaning that a reader could download an entire text into the e-book as one might download a file into a stationary hard drive. College students would need only to have access to an e-book, and then they could download all of their textbooks. An entire book bag worth of textbooks could be easily stored in one e-book device.
Electronic publishing in journals is already commonplace among scholars: The author prepares the journal manuscript as an electronic document and e-mails it to the editor without ever creating a paper version. The journal editors then work with this electronic document, editing it and formatting it. Only at the end of the process does the production staff of that journal convert the electronic document into a printed paper version that can then be bound between covers and shipped to libraries.
Online journals omit that final step: Rather than printing and binding a paper version, the editors simply upload the electronic article to the Web site for access by subscribers. In some cases, access is free, which is possible because, unlike for a print journal, the distribution costs are essentially zero.
Modern economic theory is based on the study of the scarcity and exclusivity of material goods; that is, goods are valuable either because they can be used up or because they can be used by only one person at a time. If I burn a lump of coal, I cannot then hand it over to you to use; if I buy an automobile, no one else can have it at the same time.
Information, on the other hand, is non-rival and non-excludable; that is, it can be shared by two or more people and used at the same time and for the same cost. When reading an online version of a written text, thousands of people can read the same article at the same time. The cost to reproduce this article for all those readers is next to nothing, as opposed to a print version of the article. By having access to this digital article, a reader does not have exclusive use of the article. Because the article can be easily and cheaply reproduced, your reading it does not exclude another reader from reading the same article. Unlike with a lump of coal, many readers can use the same digital article without ever "using up" the information; unlike a physical object, information cannot be exhausted. When produced and distributed digitally, information can retain its non-rival, non-excludable form. Information is not a material object, and the explosion of the Web has demonstrated that information is simply evanescent bits of data that are not subject to the conventional laws of economics.
Prior to the arrival of the printing press, medieval scholars treated ideas not as "intellectual property," but rather as something held in common by everyone. The Internet was originally designed as a commons, and the ideas that flow across it should similarly be viewed as a commons, not as intellectual property, argues legal scholar Lawrence Lessig in The Future of Ideas.
When one "divulges an idea," one is "publishing" that idea in the sense of making it public. An idea in my mind is private; once this idea leaves my mind, however, I have made it public. Indeed, prior to the printing press, to publish was to make public an idea, either by reading aloud or by distributing it in written form. Ideas, Thomas Jefferson famously noted, are like a candle's flame: Lighting your candle with mine does not diminish the amount of my flame. Ideas, he argued, should spread over the globe, for the edification of mankind. And this is what has emerged with the flow of bits of information through cyberspace, spreading freely for the benefit of all.
At least, that's the potential of the Internet. The reality is that large media corporations--middlemen--have, in critic Lessig's estimation, misused the idea of copyright to maintain stultifying control over ideas, including those flowing through cyberspace. Shutting down Napster, the music-sharing Web site, is but the tip of the iceberg, as media giants will make every effort to maintain control over film, music, written words, computer code, and a whole host of ideas that could potentially flow through cyberspace.
Cutting out the middlemen is now easier, however. For example, electronic production and distribution could change the economics of comic books (and possibly all books), benefiting the authors and their readers, notes cartoonist Scott McCloud. In Reinventing Comics, McCloud writes that digital technology can allow artists, writers, and other creators of content to maintain greater control of their work and keep more of the proceeds from it. The average price of a comic book is about $3, out of which the publishers, printers, distributors, warehousers, and sellers all take their cuts, leaving the creator with just 30¢, observes McCloud. An electronically distributed subscription-based system controlled by creators would allow more sharing of ideas and still allow creators to keep the profits. An obstacle to this vision is that readers may not be willing to pay for content on the Web. So far, few people have been willing to pay for online content.
In this scenario, intellectual property will disappear because the physical containers for that property --including printed books--will have disappeared. Digitalization makes written language cheaply and easily reproduced, distributed instantaneously, to be used simultaneously by all.
The historical significance of the printed book was that it turned written information into intellectual property, a physical commodity, whose distribution can be controlled. Contained in a printed form, ideas and information are made material, subject to the same laws of supply and demand that govern all other physical objects.
If books continue to exist in the future, it will be because there is an economic incentive. Authors and other copyright holders will want to maintain their intellectual property. Books will survive because they are material, because they are tangible objects--not in spite of this fact, as technophiles often claim. This is not the same as the argument that says books will survive because readers find them easier to take to the beach. Instead, my argument is that the economics of intellectual property will necessitate its survival in printed, bound, old-fashioned book form.
The computer may be more like the printing press than we ever imagined before. The printing press transformed the production and distribution of writing, but not its form or structure. It is possible that the computer will have a similar effect on the production and distribution of printed books. Books in the future may very well be different from the books we read now. But in form, they will seem very familiar to us.
Computers may alter the production and distribution of books but have little effect on their physical appearance. Consider print-on-demand technology, for instance. With print-on-demand, the written text is stored electronically; when a customer wants a copy of the book, it can be printed and bound (one copy or a hundred) and then shipped. Shoppers may one day find book-making kiosks in bookstores; in the same way that today one can order a custom-made card from a Hallmark kiosk, a customer in the future could order a book from a menu of choices, wait 15 minutes or so while the device prints off and binds a copy, and walk out of the store with a new book. We might even envision a similar technology in the home; rather than ordering a book from Amazon.com and waiting for it to be shipped via UPS, one could simply produce the book at home. Such just-in-time production methods mean that a publisher can match supply and demand for books with some precision. Rather than producing 10,000 copies of a book and selling only 500, a publisher can print off only the number of books that satisfies demand. In theory, a book would never go out of print; it would simply idle in electronic form until ready to be made material in book form. Rather than spreading the electronic bits freely across cyberspace, however, the publisher would parcel out the information only to those who wish to pay for its material form. But note: The finished product of this computerized process is a physical object in book form.
While a book in the future might look very similar to the books of today, the pages in that book might look very different. Xerox's PARC research lab recently unveiled "smart paper" technology called Gyricon. (A similar technology has been developed by E Ink and Philips Electronics.) This is a thin, flexible, rubbery sheet made up of millions of small balls, black on one side, white on the other. When charged, the balls that are rotated to the black side would make a mark on the remaining white background. Smart paper looks something like an LCD screen, but the surface is flexible rather than rigid, more like a sheet of paper.
A future "smart book" might consist of hundreds of smart paper pages bound within a cover; the "spine" would hold the electronic components. You could download a text like an e-book, yet enjoy the feel of a traditional printed book. But unlike a printed book, a smart-paper book could display dynamic and animated visual data like that we see on computer screens. A smart-paper book would be as different from a printed book as the first printed books were from medieval manuscripts. But in physical, tangible form, a smart-paper book would seem very familiar to a reader of a print book.
Even without the help of smart paper, books will find other ways to mimic computers' multimedia and hypertext environments, with more graphics or tactile elements incorporated, for instance. (Imagine reading a Zane Grey novel of the Old West on pages that feel like denim.) In the future, books and "text on the screen" may coexist, but those books will increasingly imitate the multimedia space of the screen. In this scenario, the "materiality" of the book will not disappear; quite the contrary, books will become "hyper-material."
If books survive, it will be because of their materiality, not in spite of it. As a physical object, a book is a container of ideas; it is thus rivalrous and excludable--conditions necessary to maintain intellectual property rights. If books survive as a vital information technology, it will be because it is in the economic interests of authors and publishers to maintain books in tangible, physical form.
A major reason why books have not yet disappeared--and may never disappear--is that a new economics of information has yet to replace intellectual property. Judging by sales, subscription-based electronic books of the type advocated by cartoonist Scott McCloud have not been warmly received by readers. The reason may be that if digital information is non-rival (i.e., we can all share it), and if cyberspace is the ideal vehicle for freely distributing this non-rival information, then why would anyone pay for such information?
If digital authors want to be paid for their work, they might have to do as television broadcasters have done and charge for advertising space embedded within their electronic pages. This is a realistic possibility. Electronic books might begin to look like so many Web pages do today, covered with advertisements, with others popping up in new windows. Electronic authors could also resort to fund-raising in the same way that public broadcasters provide content for free but ask viewers to pledge money.
On the supply side of the equation, we might also ask what the incentive will be for authors to create. In The Future of Ideas, Lawrence Lessig envisions an online world where creators--of software code, of music, of written information--create their content and distribute it for free, because that was the original intention of the Internet. Creators would find it very difficult to profit in such a system; in fact, it would seem that only those who were independently wealthy or who had some other source of income would be able to create content, since they could not rely on their creations as a source of income.
In Lessig's model, information creators would resemble today's academics, most of whom write not to make money but to establish an academic reputation. An additional line on a curriculum vitae is its own kind of currency and is usually payment enough for much of the writing that academics do. Of course, the invention of the book allowed authors to live off the proceeds of their work, freeing them from the patronage system that had funded writers before them. In Lessig's digital future, writers would need to be amateurs or academics, or else they would once again require a patron in order to freely distribute their ideas.
If producers and consumers cease to think of information as property, if ideas return to the medieval concept of a freely available commons, then books will not be needed, since only the evanescent bits of information will matter. In fact, books would hinder access to this commons. We really would be living in the late age of print. However, the uncertain economic questions that have arisen about digital information--Who will pay? Who will produce?--might never be properly answered, ensuring the continuity of our current system of intellectual property rights well into the future.
Technological change alone will not hasten the end of the book. Rather, economic factors--the behavior of the producers and consumers of information--will play a more important role. If information remains a form of intellectual property, then authors and publishers will continue to maintain control over this property via the best available technology: the printed book.
Earlier versions of this article were published in 21st Century Opportunities and Challenges (World Future Society, 2003) and in Journal of the Association for History and Computing (April 2003).
Diagram shows how particles of electronic ink are manipulated to change shape.
Electronic Ink Display prototype developed by Philips and E Ink offers comfortable, book-like viewing experience of text and images.
The future of the book? What is old may be made new again, as the Electronic Ink Display by Philips and E Ink demonstrates.
This site is a companion to The Invisible Web: Finding Hidden
Internet Resources Search Engines Can't See by Chris Sherman and Gary
It includes a directory of some of the best resources the Invisible
Web has to offer. The directory includes resources that are
informative, of high quality, and contain worthy information from
reliable information providers that are not visible to general-
purpose search engines.
There is an opportunity for the libraries in Pakistan to win an award of $100 for library supplies. Please read the message below for details.
Muhammad Umar Farooq
Information Resource Center (IRC)
Phone: (Office) 92 51 2824051
Jennifer Kellerman <JKellerman@...>
Wednesday, December 31, 2003 8:11 PM
New York Chapter-Special Libraries Association - Library Supplies Award
It would be fine for you to forward the following email and the application to other libraries you think should apply for this award. I've attached a WORD document with the application but have also pasted it below in case you still can't open the word document. (See attached file: GOC_Application.doc)
The Global Outreach Committee (GOC) is a program of the New York Chapter of the Special Libraries Association. It was started in 2001 as a way for Chapter members to reach out to the global librarian community and assist special libraries in developing countries.
Several times a year, the Global Outreach Committee presents a library with a gift certificate for $100 (USD) to Brodart Co., a library supplies company. The GOC covers the cost of shipping and handling, so the entire amount of the award can be dedicated to purchasing needed supplies. A Brodart catalog is included with the gift certificate.
Your library has been noted as a possible candidate for this award. Enclosed please find an application. In order to be considered for this award, a completed application must be submitted to one of the two addresses found on the application. If you wish your library to be considered for a Global Outreach Committee award, please complete the application and return it to either Jennifer or Rita.
If you know of another library which might also benefit from this award, please feel free to pass along the application or let us know so that we can mail an application to that library. Please note that this award is not available to countries the United States government believes are aiding or harboring terrorists.
We look forward to hearing from you.
Jennifer Kellerman Corporate Reference Librarian Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison LLP 1285 Avenue of the Americas, 27th floor New York, NY 10019-6064 tel: 212.373.2457 fax: 212.373.2268 email: jkellerman@...
****************************************************************** SPECIAL LIBRARIES ASSOCIATION NEW YORK CHAPTER SLA-NY GLOBAL OUTREACH LIBRARIES SUPPLY REQUEST FORM
E-mail (if available)
Please note: This is for library supplies ONLY, not computers, photocopiers or fax machines. Also, this aid is not available to countries that the United States Government has stated are aiding or harboring terrorists.
Tell us about your library. Who are your patrons or clients? What is your specialty?
Why are you requesting these supplies and how will they help your library?
______________________________________________________________________________________ Please return this form by mail or e-mail to either one of the following people (mailing address and e-mail address are noted below:
Jennifer Kellerman Corporate Reference Librarian Paul Weiss Rifkind Wharton & Garrison LLP 1285 Avenue of the Americas, 27th floor New York, NY 10019-6064 tel: 212.373.2457 fax: 212.373.2268 email:
Rita Ormsby Information Services Librarian and Assistant Professor The William and Anita Newman Library Baruch College, The City University of New York Box H-0520, 151 E. 25th St. >New York, New York 10010 telephone: 212-802-2410 fax: 212-802-2401 e-mail: rita_ormsby@...
___________________________________________________ This message is intended only for the use of the Addressee and may contain information that is PRIVILEGED and CONFIDENTIAL. If you are not the intended recipient, you are hereby notified that any dissemination of this communication is strictly prohibited. If you have received this communication in error, please erase all copies of the message and its attachments and notify us immediately. Thank You. ___________________________________________________
Remember that old saying: "What you don't know won't hurt you?" When it comes to your health, that's wrong — and dangerous!
From high blood pressure to skin cancer, some life-threatening health conditions often arrive with few symptoms or fanfare. While you may feel fine, millions of us have one of these conditions and don't know it. Now for the good news: If we spot these conditions early, we can take simple steps to greatly reduce our risk of serious complications in the future.
Here's what you really need to know about the top seven silent health thieves. Start protecting yourself now.
"Watch out for extreme thirst, dry mouth, increased urination and blurred vision. These are often the first signs of diabetes." —Anne Borik, DO
About 18 million people have type 2 diabetes and another 16 million are silently at risk. Could it be you?
"A lot of people have diabetes and don't know it, but the symptoms will eventually catch up with you," warns Anne Borik, DO, an internist at the Arizona Heart Hospital in Phoenix.
Type 2 diabetes is usually due to bad diet and lack of exercise. Foods such as sweets, white breads, potatoes, white rice and crackers convert quickly to sugar in the body. When there is too much blood sugar in the body, the cells gradually become unable to use insulin properly.
But "if you catch it early, Type 2 diabetes absolutely can be controlled with a low-carbohydrate and low-sugar diet," Borik says.
If you have any of the early symptoms, "get either a urine or a fasting blood sugar test to find out where you stand," she says. "Controlling blood sugar is vitally important in reducing the risk of heart attack and other complications."
Testing for diabetes should be considered every three years beginning at age 45, according to current guidelines. And even more frequently in people at increased risk for the condition.
People at highest risk for the disease are those who are overweight, women who developed diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes), and people with family members who have the disease.
"In women, signs of a heart attack may include bloating, gastrointestinal upset, back pain, arm pain, nausea and sweating." — Anne Borik, DO
Heart disease is public enemy No. 1 for men and women. Often, the first sign of a heart attack is not crushing chest pain like we see in the movies, especially for women.
And chest pain is often not a sharp pain, but a "very dull, achy heaviness," says Borik, an internist at the Arizona Heart Hospital in Phoenix.
If you feel such symptoms, you may not be sure what's wrong. They may even come and go, but to be on the safe side, you should call 911 immediately to seek care.
Regular exercise, eating a healthy diet and not smoking can help lower risk of heart disease and heart attack. "A daily baby aspirin may also be advisable to lower your risk, provided you have no history of ulcers or liver problems," Borik says. Talk to your doctor before taking aspirin to lower your heart disease risk.
"This is an 'everywhere' disease." — Charles Ebel, the American Social Health Association.
"It's not only common, but recent studies demonstrate that herpes cuts across race and class very dramatically," says Charles Ebel, senior director of program development at the American Social Health Association in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.
Yet early symptoms are so subtle that people often don't recognize them as a problem. The key, Ebel says, is knowing what to look for.
About two-thirds of people with genital herpes will eventually recognize some symptoms. "If you have recurring symptoms below the belt that are unexplained — even those that you may think are yeast, dermatosis, or even hemorrhoids — consider getting tested for herpes," Ebel suggests.
There's no need to get tested if you have no symptoms at all, says Ebel. But if you think you may have symptoms, "testing makes sense because if it's herpes, we can promote appropriate prevention steps."
For example, an infected person can take antiviral drugs daily to reduce the chance of passing the virus on to a partner. Condoms also greatly reduce the risk.
"Today," says Ebel, "there are many more options to manage symptoms and protect sexual partners."
"People don't look at their moles at all and even those that do, don't notice subtle changes." — Jeanine Downie, MD
Melanoma accounts for 4% of all skin cancers, but causes nearly 80% of the deaths. When was the last time you checked your skin?
"Go to a board certified dermatologist at least once a year for a full body screen," says Jeanine Downie, MD, a Montclair, New Jersey dermatologist. "If you catch it early, it may just be an atypical mole and not a melanoma yet. And if it's a melanoma, it may be a thin melanoma on the top layer of the skin," which is easier to treat, she tells WebMD.
Skin checks are particularly important for Asian-Americans, African-Americans and Latin Americans. "In these populations, melanomas may not be in sun-exposed areas. We find them in the mouth, under the finger- or toe-nails or in the genital areas," says Downie, also the author of "Beautiful Skin of Color: A Comprehensive Guide to Asian, Olive and Dark Skin."
These hard-to-spot places need to be monitored in all people, but particularly in these ethnic groups, she says. Dermatologists recommend you check yourself monthly at home to look for irregular lesions that are growing and changing.
Look for these ABDCs in moles:
Asymmetry or moles where one half is different than another
Border Irregularity, meaning that the edge of melanomas are usually ragged and jagged
Color because melanomas often have a variety of colors within the same mole
Diameter as melanomas continue to grow
To prevent melanoma, the American Academy of Dermatology recommends avoiding sun exposure from 10:00 a.m. through 4:00 p.m. when the sun is the strongest. You should also wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen and reapply it frequently. Wear a hat and clothing with a tight weave that will block ultraviolet light.
"It's important to know that high blood pressure can affect you at any age — including young people and adolescents." — Anne Borik, DO
There's a reason high blood pressure is called the silent killer! One in four American adults has high blood pressure, according to recent estimates. But because there are no symptoms, nearly a third of these people don't know it.
The only way to tell if you have high blood pressure is to have your blood pressure checked. Your doctor should check your blood pressure at every visit. The upper number in a blood pressure reading (systolic pressure) should be less than 120 and the lower number (diastolic pressure) should be less than 80, according to the American Heart Association.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to stroke, heart attack, heart failure or kidney failure. But there's a lot you can do to keep your blood pressure low.
For one, "a low-calorie, low-salt diet is key. Salt causes the body to hold fluid in the vessels, which increases blood pressure automatically," says Anne Borik, DO, an internist at the Arizona Heart Hospital in Phoenix.
"Exercise is really, really important," she says. "During aerobic exercise, the body releases [feel-good chemicals called] endorphins that have a positive effect on widening blood vessels and decreasing blood pressure."
Stress reduction is also vital. "Stress causes constriction of blood vessels and that increases blood pressure," Borik says. "Smoking increases blood pressure and one of the first things people can do is to quit smoking and try to avoid passive smoke."
If lifestyle changes don't work, your doctor can also prescribe medicine to help lower moderate-to-high blood pressure.
"Glaucoma is a painless, gradual loss of vision." — Nauman Imami, MD
About 2.2 million Americans age 40 and older have glaucoma. But half may be unaware that they have this potentially blinding disease because they have no symptoms, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
"It generally affects peripheral vision first; constricting it so slowly that you don't know that you are missing it," says Nauman Imami, MD, the director of the glaucoma service at Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Mich.
"You can lose a significant amount of vision before you know you have it," he says. In glaucoma, the optic nerve is damaged. It can be associated with elevated pressure inside the eye and can lead to vision loss.
There is good news: Early diagnosis and treatment can preserve your sight.
"In the majority of folks, if you catch it early and lower intraocular pressure, you can slow its progress so that the typical person won't have problems during their lifetime," says Imami. Typically, an eye doctor will prescribe eye drops to lower eye pressure. Surgery is also an option if needed.
Risk factors include family history of glaucoma, African-American descent, increasing age and elevated eye pressure. "We can treat eye pressure to lower it and reduce risk of vision loss, but most of other risk factors we can't change," Imami says.
Your best bet: If you have glaucoma, get a field of vision test once a year. "More frequently, if the condition is advanced," he says. "If you are at risk and your pressure is normal and your visual field is normal, you may not need to get tested every year but should be followed by an ophthalmologist."
About 105 million Americans have total cholesterol of 200 mg/dL or higher, the level at which the risk for heart disease begins to rise. — American Heart Association
High cholesterol is a major risk factor for heart disease, yet it has no symptoms. Most people don't know their cholesterol is too high unless they get a blood test as part of their annual physical.
"Knowing your cholesterol — good and bad — is important," says Anne Borik, DO, an internist at the Arizona Heart Hospital in Phoenix. From there, "try to decrease the bad and increase the good."
"Bad" or low density lipoprotein (LDL) levels should be less than 100 milligrams per deciliter of blood (mg/dL) and "good" or high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels should be 40 mg/dL or higher.
The American Heart Association recommends having your cholesterol levels measured every five years— or more often if you're a man over 45 or a woman over 55.
What's the best way to get your cholesterol numbers where you want them?
"Eat foods low in saturated fat and cholesterol, lose weight if you need to and exercise," Borik says. Lifestyle changes can lower your cholesterol and reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke. If these changes are not enough, ask your doctor about medicines to lower cholesterol.
Published Dec. 29, 2003.
SOURCES: Charles Ebel, senior director of program development at the American Social Health Association in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. Anne Borik, DO, an internist at the Arizona Heart Hospital in Phoenix, AZ. Jeanine Downie, MD, dermatologist in Montclair, NJ. Nauman Imami, MD, director of the glaucoma service at Henry Ford Health System in Detroit.
Resource Collection - Links to over 3000 resources on a variety of educational issues. This collection includes Internet sites, educational organizations, and electronic discussion groups.
Lesson Plans - The Lesson Plan Collection contains more than 2000 unique lesson plans which were written and submitted by teachers from all over the United States.
Question Archive - A collection of over 200 responses to popular questions on the practice, theory, and research of education. These responses may include citations from the ERIC database, Internet sites, discussion groups, and/or print resource information.
ERIC Database - The ERIC database, the world's largest source of education information, contains more than one million abstracts of documents and journal articles on education research and practice. This web-based version of the ERIC Database, provides access to abstracts which are also found in the printed medium, Resources in Education and Current Index To Journals in Education. The database is updated monthly, ensuring that the information you receive is timely and accurate.
Journal production was one of the first commercial arenas in which markup technologies took hold, and today most major (and many minor) journal publishers have journal content in SGML or XML data formats. However, over the past few years the introduction of XML and its many adjunctive technologies has reshaped the markup landscape. With many publishers having digital workflows that were established before the flowering of XML, and some publishers looking to move to digital workflows for the first time, this article attempts to tour those parts of the XML technology family, and those XML-related activities, that are of most relevance to journal production.
I am pleased to attach the article in PDF format for your use. Please feel free to contact if you would like a print copy of the article or you need information on any other topic...
informative article about google.
I know, I know... you're already an expert Google searcher, and
you've been using Google since you were in short pants (now, that's
an expression that dates me, isn't it?). But I'm still going to toss
out a few tools and resources that you might not have found already.
If you want all of Google's tools and options conveniently displayed
on a single screen, try FaganFinder. I like it because I am reminded
of all the choices I have and settings I can tweak, including
toggling the Duplicates Filter on or off, using the file format
search, and setting the number of results per page. It even has handy
links for typing non-English letters.
Right now, the only search engines that support the "NEAR" operator
(search for this word within X words of that word) are Alta Vista and
MSNBC. But there's a nifty Google hack called Google API Proximity
Search (GAPS) that lets you look for two words within one, two or
three words of each other.
Google has a synonym feature that lets you search for not only the
word you type in the search box but also for some common synonyms of
the word. The syntax is ~word, so, for example, if you type ~food in
the search box, you will also retrieve web pages that have the word
cooking, nutrition, recipe or restaurant. Sometimes that's a nifty
tool, but it has its drawbacks. I tried ~aluminum and it not only
retrieved pages with the British equivalent, aluminium, and words
with the atomic symbol AL, but also pages that mentioned Weird Al
Yankovic, Al Jazeera, Al-Anon, and the official page for the state of
Alabama. Use this tool when you are looking for a broad category of
concepts, and be prepared for a few unexpected results.
One of my favorite Google tools is WebQuotes, through which you can
find out what other people are saying about a particular site. Type
in a URL, and you'll see how other sites are describing that site.
It's a great way to suss out fraudulent sites. Try, for example,
typing in www.gatt.org and see how it's described. (Yes, WebQuotes is
designed for key words, not URLs, but I really like this
Similar to AllTheWeb's URL Investigator, Google provides some
background information on a page if you type the URL in the form
info:www.whatever.xxx. For example, go to Google and type
info:www.petfinder.org in the search box, and you will see a link to
the PetFinder site, a link to Google's cached copy of the page,
similar and related web sites, pages that link to that site, and
pages that mention "www.petfinder.org"
We're accustomed to looking at Google's search results 10 sites at a
time, sorted by estimated relevance. But what if you want to exercise
your right brain - that's the creative, non-linear side - and view
the results in a more graphic format? Check out anacubis' "Google-
enabled visual search". Type in your search terms, right-click on one
of the resulting hits and see how you can immediately expand the
results to similar sites, or linked sites.
For those of us in the US, a handy new tool is Google's "Search by
Number" feature. Google now recognizes the pattern for Federal
Express, UPS and USPS tracking numbers; vehicle ID numbers, US patent
numbers, UPC codes, area codes, and even FCC equipment IDs and FAA
airplane reservation numbers. For most of these searches, you can
just type the number into the search box; for patent numbers, you
have to add the word "patent" to the beginning of the number, and for
FCC equipment IDs, you need to add the word "fcc" at the beginning.
Related to this feature is the ability to see the current status of
any US flight. Type the airline name and the flight number in the
search box, and you will see a link to the arrival/departure
information screen for that flight, provided by Travelocity.
Link : http://www.batesinfo.com/tip.html
Naveed ul Haq Hashmi
Sharjah College UAE
The IFLA/OCLC Early Career Development Fellowship
Jointly sponsored by the International Federation of Library
Associations and Institutions (IFLA) and OCLC Online Computer Library
Center, this program provides early career development and continuing
education for library and information science professionals from
countries with developing economies.
On an annual basis, up to five individuals are selected to come to
OCLC headquarters in Dublin, Ohio, USA, for an intensive four-week
program of lectures, seminars and mentoring. Topics and issues
include information technologies and their impact on libraries,
library operations and management, and global cooperative
During their visit to the United States, Fellows participate in
seminars and workshops, observe portions of an OCLC Members Council
meeting, and visit selected North American libraries.
Seminars and workshops focus on trends and developments in knowledge
access management and their implications for a range of library
operations and services. By observing a Members Council meeting, the
Fellows gain insight to issues affecting global library cooperation
and are exposed to the governance of a global library cooperative.
Visits to selected North American libraries provide an opportunity
for Fellows to meet leading practitioners and discuss real-world
solutions to the challenges facing libraries today.
Fellows translate their learning and experiences into specific
professional development plans that guide their continued growth as
well as their personal contributions to their home institutions and
country of origin.
Current and past participants
IFLA/OCLC Early Career Development Fellows for 2004:
Mac-Anthony Cobblah, Institute for Scientific and Technical
Information, Accra, Ghana
Musa Wakhungu Olaka, Kigali Institute of Education, Kigali, Rwanda
Muhammad Rafiq, National Textile University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Nayana Wijayasundara, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
IFLA/OCLC 2003 participants:
Selenay Aytaç, Isik University, Istanbul, Turkey
Anjali Gulati, Department of Library Science, University of Jammu,
Hyekyong Hwang, Korean Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul,
Ibrahim Ramjaun, National Library of Mauritius, Mauritius
Thi Nha Vu, Vietnam, currently completing studies at Curtin
University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
IFLA/OCLC 2001-2002 participants:
Dayang Zarina Abang Ismail, University Malaysia, Sarawak, Kota
Ferry Irawan, Library and Information Technology, Castle Group,
Sibongile Madolo, Library of Parliament, Cape Town, South Africa
Purity Mwagha, Kenya Technical Training College, Nairobi, Kenya
J. K. Vijayakumar, INFLIBNET, Ahmedabad, India
23 April 2004
PLEASE VISIT FOLLOWING WEB SITE FOR FURTHER DETAILS AND TO DOWNLOAD
National Textile University, Faisalabad.
Fellow of OCLC
Fellow of IFLA
During the past few years, intellectual capital has gained recognitionas a critical enterprise asset. Just as information resource management emerged to help enterprises better manage their information resources, knowledge management has emerged to help enterprises to manage their intellectual capital or knowledge. Knowledge manage-ment is an integrated approach for managing the knowledge assets of an enterprise. It focuses on capturing experiences so that others do not have to relearn "what the enterprise already knows." Knowledge management does this by managing knowledge through its life cycle, including its acquisition, storage, and distribution.
Knowledge is acquired by identifying and electronically collecting useful knowledge as close to its source as possible. The knowledge must then be documented, organized (by domain or subject areas), and related to other
knowledge. The knowledge needs to be stored in such a way that it can be easily found, retrieved, and shared. The knowledge also needs to be periodically evaluated to ensure that only relevant and useful knowledge is stored. Knowledge can be distributed in many ways including electronic mail, discussion databases, and through intranets. It needs to be presented in a way that allows the enterprise to share its knowledge effectively and that allows its knowledge workers to improve their understanding of specific areas of interest.
There are many definitions in use for knowledge management (KM), reflecting the various perspectives on the scope and impact of knowledge in an enterprise. Breaking up the term "knowledge management" into its component parts can derive one such definition. We see that one dictionary defines
*Knowledge as the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned *Management as the professional administration of business concerns.
Knowledge management also connotes professional management of knowledge through its collection, integration, organization, analysis, and distribution.
Putting it all together, one can define knowledge management as the professional administration of the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned in the enterprise by collecting, integrating, organizing, analyzing, and sharing business knowledge so that it can be drawn on and used effectively by the enterprise to take effective action to achieve its goals. The rationale is that by quickly understanding the complete picture, better decisions can be made. Knowledge management encompasses both structured and unstructured data, as well as intellectual assets that can be shared through collaboration technologies.
I am pleased to enclose an interesting article titled: Essential Elements of a Library Website.
The article focuses on the essentialelements of a library Web site. A library's presence on the Internet ranks only slightly behind its building in shaping its users' impression. Changing the Web address of a library should be done with the same level of care and frequency as that of its street address. Domain names should stay the same even if the library changes physical Web servers, hosting services, Internet service providers or page delivery applications. A library should use the simplest possible form of a domain name as its basic address. The library's home page should never be tied to a particular file name, but should take advantage of the Web server's ability to deliver the right page if no file name is specified. It is important to configure the Web server to deliver the correct Web page when no file name is provided. It is also important to provide the means for site visitors to send e-mail queries to library staff. A clickable e-mail form approach is more convenient to site visitors because it allow the users to use their own mail clients. Larger libraries typically focus considerable effort on providing access to and assistance with their collections of electronic resources
I hope you find the article informative and useful. Please feel free to contact us if you need any more information or print copy of this article.
> Dear Professionals
> We have uploaded Pak LIS News ( Jan-Mar 2004, Vol. 4, No.1)
> http://www.geocities.com/plagpk/news.htm Editorial: "Libraries a place of
> Knowledge Management in Electronic Age & Role of Librarians" by Muhammad
> Shafiq Rana, Management Executive, Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund, HID
> Centre, Islamabad.
> Best regards
> Muhammad Ajmal Khan
> National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences,
> 852-B Faisal Town, Lahore-54700
From: Ghaniul Akram Sabzwari [mailto:gsabzwari@...]
Sent: Friday, March 12, 2004 1:23 AM
To: Ajmal Khan
Dear Ajmal Saheb
Assalam Alaikum. I hope by the Grace of Allah you will be in good
health and enjoying professional activities. I wish to inform you that we
are chaning the name of Pakistan Library Bulletin to Pakistan Library and
Information Science Journal from v.35 (1) March 2004. I shall be grateful if
you kindly announce in your news as well as on web site. Thanking you for
the cooperation and with kind regards.
Dr. Ghaniul Akram Sabzwari
One-click access to Hotmail from any Web page - download MSN Toolbar now!
The deadline to apply for the 2005 IFLA/OCLC Early Career Development
Fellowship Program is rapidly approaching. Complete applications,
include a cover sheet, a résumé, an essay of 1,000 words or less, and
letters of recommendation, must be submitted to
Friday, April 23, 2004. Only complete applications will be
OCLC Online Computer Library Center and the International Federation
Library Associations and Institutions are happy to welcome a third
for the 2005 program. This year, a fifth Fellow will be selected
the generosity of the American Theological Library Association (ATLA).
Established in 1946, ATLA (http://www.atla.com) is a professional
association of more than 800 individual, institutional, and affiliate
members providing programs, products, and services in support of
and religious studies libraries and librarians. ATLA's ecumenical
represents many religious traditions and denominations.
The Fellowship Program provides early career development and
education for library and information science professionals from
with developing economies.
The selected Fellows come to OCLC headquarters in Dublin, Ohio, USA,
intensive four-week program of lectures, seminars and mentoring.
issues include information technologies and their impact on libraries,
library operations and management, and global cooperative
observing an OCLC Members Council meeting, the Fellows gain insight to
issues affecting global library cooperation and are exposed to the
governance of a global library cooperative. Visits to selected North
American libraries provide an opportunity for Fellows to meet leading
practitioners and discuss real-world solutions to the challenges
libraries today. Fellows translate their learning and experiences into
specific professional development plans that guide their continued
well as their personal contributions to their home institutions and
Application information is available at <http://tinyurl.com/2oe55> or
National Textile University
National Textile University Faisalabad is a federal chartered
university and the premier institution of textile education in
We are looking for a Librarian for university library. NTU offers
competiative salary package as well as a competiative working
NTU Library is one of a few libraries of Pakistan maintating
international integrated library management system. NTU Library
operates and maintains database namely "Library World" version 3.01,
developed by Caspr Inc. USA.
Pleae send your application to:
National Textile University,
BEware there is a short of time and appointment will be made at the
earliest. So please sen detailed CV along with application for the
post of Librarian at the earliest.
National Textile University,
I am pleased to introduce you with an important and informative article titled: The Nonprofit Phenomenon: Internet Resources for Nonprofit Organizations published in Searcher: The Magazine for Database Professionals, Vol. 12, No. 2, February 2004.
This article presents information on several Internet resources for U.S. nonprofit organizations. Guidestar; Strategic Alliance Project Studies; Charity Lobbying in the Public Interest; Independent Sector.